Knowledge and Practice for Prevention of Hepatitis B among Practicing Midwives in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Nigeria

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/602699
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Knowledge and Practice for Prevention of Hepatitis B among Practicing Midwives in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Nigeria
Author(s):
Ella, Regina E.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Tau Lambda-at-Large
Author Details:
Regina E. Ella, RN, RM, FWACN, retila07@yahoo.com
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: BACKGROUND: Globally it is estimated that about 400 million individuals are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus ( HBV) and that more than a million people die annually from  HBV related causes. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is the blood-borne communicable disease and   the ninth leading cause of death worldwide. Though, a major public health issue world­ wide, the prevalence is higher in the developing countries than the developed. There is an average carrier rate of 10 - 20% in sub-Saharan African general   population and 9 to 39% in Nigeria.   The high carrier rate and hepatitis B being an endemic disease in Nigeria reveal the associated risk of infection among nurses and midwives who have frequent contact with infected blood through invasive procedures. The most frequent route of transmitting Hepatitis B Virus is through needle stick injury.   HBV is a hospital acquired infection which could be transmitted from an infected health-care provider to patients or vice visa which calls for precautionary measures to be put in place to reduce the mortality associated with this disease. However, if the midwife is infected it becomes more precarious because  the life  of the mother and the baby that she come in contact with on a daily basis stands the risk  in this one infection. This study, therefore, assesses midwives knowledge and practice towards the prevention and control of Hepatitis B infection   in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Nigeria. Method A descriptive research design was utilized to obtain information on midwives’ knowledge and practice for prevention of Hepatitis B. Purposive sampling technique guided the recruitment of 120 practicing midwives who work in labor, ante-natal, post-natal and gynecology wards of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital from July to November 2013. A self-structured questionnaire with content validity index of 0.79 and a test-retest reliability coefficient of 0.81 was used to elicit information from respondents.      Data was analyzed using simple proportion and parametric test-chi-square (X 2) at p<0.05. RESULTS The result showed that majority of the respondents 58 (48.4%) were between age 25 and 34 years; majority of these respondents 83 (69.2%) had worked between 10 and 20 years and were mostly diploma holders 96 (80%). The results also revealed that 78 (65%) respondents had good knowledge of hepatitis B virus, and 83 (69.2%) respondents practiced universal precautions while 37 (30.8%) did not. Majority of the respondents 117 (95.5%) had never contracted hepatitis B infection, while 3 (2.5%) had been infected with hepatitis through practice. Most of the respondents 96 (63.3%) had received hepatitis B vaccine while a high minority 44 (36.7%) had not. Further results highlighted a statistically significant relationship between knowledge regarding prevention of hepatitis B infection and practice of universal precaution to protect against hepatitis B among practicing midwives in UCTH (cal  X 2 = 15.6; p < 0.05) This result finding is encouraging considering the fact that knowledge is usually the first step towards the modification of desirable behavior.  However despite the respondents high knowledge of the infection and practice of universal precautions, about 22% had poor knowledge of infection while 37% did not practice universal precaution. This gap calls for concern seeing that the only way to prevention of hepatitis B infection among practicing midwives is through effective vaccination and adherence to universal precautions which often times cannot be guaranteed. CONCLUSION The result of the study affirms a significant relationship between knowledge and practice of universal precaution. It was therefore concluded that deliberate progrmmaes of  continuing education and training  be designed  for the target population and other health care workes in general, and vaccines be continoulsly provided  to enhance compliance to universal precautions  and to prevent Hepatitis B in the clinical areas    KEY WORDS Prevention, Hepatitis B, Midwives
Keywords:
Prevention; Hepatitis B; Mdiwives
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15CL2.22
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleKnowledge and Practice for Prevention of Hepatitis B among Practicing Midwives in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Nigeriaen
dc.contributor.authorElla, Regina E.en
dc.contributor.departmentTau Lambda-at-Largeen
dc.author.detailsRegina E. Ella, RN, RM, FWACN, retila07@yahoo.comen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/602699en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: BACKGROUND: Globally it is estimated that about 400 million individuals are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus ( HBV) and that more than a million people die annually from  HBV related causes. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is the blood-borne communicable disease and   the ninth leading cause of death worldwide. Though, a major public health issue world­ wide, the prevalence is higher in the developing countries than the developed. There is an average carrier rate of 10 - 20% in sub-Saharan African general   population and 9 to 39% in Nigeria.   The high carrier rate and hepatitis B being an endemic disease in Nigeria reveal the associated risk of infection among nurses and midwives who have frequent contact with infected blood through invasive procedures. The most frequent route of transmitting Hepatitis B Virus is through needle stick injury.   HBV is a hospital acquired infection which could be transmitted from an infected health-care provider to patients or vice visa which calls for precautionary measures to be put in place to reduce the mortality associated with this disease. However, if the midwife is infected it becomes more precarious because  the life  of the mother and the baby that she come in contact with on a daily basis stands the risk  in this one infection. This study, therefore, assesses midwives knowledge and practice towards the prevention and control of Hepatitis B infection   in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Nigeria. Method A descriptive research design was utilized to obtain information on midwives’ knowledge and practice for prevention of Hepatitis B. Purposive sampling technique guided the recruitment of 120 practicing midwives who work in labor, ante-natal, post-natal and gynecology wards of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital from July to November 2013. A self-structured questionnaire with content validity index of 0.79 and a test-retest reliability coefficient of 0.81 was used to elicit information from respondents.      Data was analyzed using simple proportion and parametric test-chi-square (X 2) at p<0.05. RESULTS The result showed that majority of the respondents 58 (48.4%) were between age 25 and 34 years; majority of these respondents 83 (69.2%) had worked between 10 and 20 years and were mostly diploma holders 96 (80%). The results also revealed that 78 (65%) respondents had good knowledge of hepatitis B virus, and 83 (69.2%) respondents practiced universal precautions while 37 (30.8%) did not. Majority of the respondents 117 (95.5%) had never contracted hepatitis B infection, while 3 (2.5%) had been infected with hepatitis through practice. Most of the respondents 96 (63.3%) had received hepatitis B vaccine while a high minority 44 (36.7%) had not. Further results highlighted a statistically significant relationship between knowledge regarding prevention of hepatitis B infection and practice of universal precaution to protect against hepatitis B among practicing midwives in UCTH (cal  X 2 = 15.6; p < 0.05) This result finding is encouraging considering the fact that knowledge is usually the first step towards the modification of desirable behavior.  However despite the respondents high knowledge of the infection and practice of universal precautions, about 22% had poor knowledge of infection while 37% did not practice universal precaution. This gap calls for concern seeing that the only way to prevention of hepatitis B infection among practicing midwives is through effective vaccination and adherence to universal precautions which often times cannot be guaranteed. CONCLUSION The result of the study affirms a significant relationship between knowledge and practice of universal precaution. It was therefore concluded that deliberate progrmmaes of  continuing education and training  be designed  for the target population and other health care workes in general, and vaccines be continoulsly provided  to enhance compliance to universal precautions  and to prevent Hepatitis B in the clinical areas    KEY WORDS Prevention, Hepatitis B, Midwivesen
dc.subjectPreventionen
dc.subjectHepatitis Ben
dc.subjectMdiwivesen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:34:49Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:34:49Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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