Examination of Factors Related to Elderly People's Purpose of Life in Japan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/602845
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Examination of Factors Related to Elderly People's Purpose of Life in Japan
Author(s):
Ohue, Takashi
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Takashi Ohue, RN, PhD, ohue@hyogo-dai.ac.jp
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Purpose: Older adults’ sense of purpose in life has been an important subject in Japan along with their well-being and healthy long life. The purpose of this research is to examine factors related to elderly people's purpose of life in Japan. Methods Older adults (N = 250) aged 65 and over gathering in the Kakogawa public hall in Japan were asked to participate. They were asked about their individual attribution and maintenance of healthy condition. Moreover,These items were measured using the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale covering "Agitation," "Lonely dissatisfaction," and "Attitude toward own aging",General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Scale. Ethical considerations: The protocol of this study was approved by the Hyogo University Ethics Committee, Japan. Results Questionnaires were distributed to 250 elderly people and answers were collected from 244. After exclusion of missing values and outliers, data from 234 elderly people (male: 49, female: 185) were used in the analysis. "Attitude toward own aging" had young old higher than the late elderly (p< 0.05). "Agitation" was higher to the male than to the female (p< 0.05). Number of events leading to purpose of life showed positive correlations with "Agitation"; "Lonely dissatisfaction"; "Attitude toward own aging" (p< 0.05).Specifically, it was an occurrence improve sense of purpose in life where "Educational and cultural enrichment activities", "Sports or recreational activities", "Volunteer activities", "Activities for an elderly’s club", "Care of grandchildren, and family get-together", "Going for shopping or on a trip". Number of diseases showed negative correlations with sense of purpose in life (p< 0.05).Specifically, cardiopathy, fracture, liver disease, and dementia were diseases for which reduce the sense of purpose in life. Purpose of life showed correlation with mental health and ADL ( p < .05). Conclusion: In order to improve elderly people's sense of purpose in life, it is important to intervene to a disease and not to increase the number of diseases. Moreover, it proved that study and activity raise elderly people's sense of purpose in life. Therefore, it is necessary to adopt contents, such as prevention of a disease, and study and activity of elderly people, by the contents of the intervention program which raises elderly people's sense of purpose in life.
Keywords:
elderly people; purpose of life; QOL ADL
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15EB2.25
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleExamination of Factors Related to Elderly People's Purpose of Life in Japanen
dc.contributor.authorOhue, Takashien
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsTakashi Ohue, RN, PhD, ohue@hyogo-dai.ac.jpen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/602845en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Purpose: Older adults’ sense of purpose in life has been an important subject in Japan along with their well-being and healthy long life. The purpose of this research is to examine factors related to elderly people's purpose of life in Japan. Methods Older adults (N = 250) aged 65 and over gathering in the Kakogawa public hall in Japan were asked to participate. They were asked about their individual attribution and maintenance of healthy condition. Moreover,These items were measured using the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale covering "Agitation," "Lonely dissatisfaction," and "Attitude toward own aging",General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Scale. Ethical considerations: The protocol of this study was approved by the Hyogo University Ethics Committee, Japan. Results Questionnaires were distributed to 250 elderly people and answers were collected from 244. After exclusion of missing values and outliers, data from 234 elderly people (male: 49, female: 185) were used in the analysis. "Attitude toward own aging" had young old higher than the late elderly (p< 0.05). "Agitation" was higher to the male than to the female (p< 0.05). Number of events leading to purpose of life showed positive correlations with "Agitation"; "Lonely dissatisfaction"; "Attitude toward own aging" (p< 0.05).Specifically, it was an occurrence improve sense of purpose in life where "Educational and cultural enrichment activities", "Sports or recreational activities", "Volunteer activities", "Activities for an elderly’s club", "Care of grandchildren, and family get-together", "Going for shopping or on a trip". Number of diseases showed negative correlations with sense of purpose in life (p< 0.05).Specifically, cardiopathy, fracture, liver disease, and dementia were diseases for which reduce the sense of purpose in life. Purpose of life showed correlation with mental health and ADL ( p < .05). Conclusion: In order to improve elderly people's sense of purpose in life, it is important to intervene to a disease and not to increase the number of diseases. Moreover, it proved that study and activity raise elderly people's sense of purpose in life. Therefore, it is necessary to adopt contents, such as prevention of a disease, and study and activity of elderly people, by the contents of the intervention program which raises elderly people's sense of purpose in life.en
dc.subjectelderly peopleen
dc.subjectpurpose of lifeen
dc.subjectQOL ADLen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:37:57Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:37:57Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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