Investigation of the Stress Level and Potential Contributive Factors for Japanese College Nursing Students during the Period of Clinical Practicum

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/602894
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Investigation of the Stress Level and Potential Contributive Factors for Japanese College Nursing Students during the Period of Clinical Practicum
Author(s):
Hoshi, Miwako; Nakashima, Izumi; Mizoguchi, Eri; Moriki, Hitomi; Nakashima, Izumi; Mizoguchi, Eri; Moriki, Hitomi
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta Mu
Author Details:
Miwako Hoshi, PhD, RN, hoshichan@hotmail.com; Izumi Nakashima, RN; Eri Mizoguchi, RN; Hitomi Moriki, RN
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Purpose:Clinical practicum plays a crucial role in nursing education. However, it is indicated that students often experience great stress due to various tasks they have to carry out and fulfill as a nursing student in varied types of clinical environment. Purpose of this study was to examine the level of stress of Japanese college nursing students and to detect potential factors that might contribute to their increased level of stress during the period of clinical practicum. In addition, the relationship between students’ level of stress and potential factors were examined. In this study, factors that contribute to students’ stress primarily refer to his or her self-efficacy, career interests, interpersonal relationship in the clinical settings, clinical tasks, as well as demographic factors such as age, gender, and household status and so on. Methods: A descriptive correlational research design was used in this study. A total of 137 college nursing students who are juniors and seniors was recruited from a national university located in southern Japan to participate in this study by using convenience sampling method. Participants were requested to complete a set of scales used to assess the level of stress and self-efficacy. The scales included the Clinical Practicum Stress Scale , a 24-item questionnaire, developed by the researcher to examine the stress resulted from interpersonal relationships, clinical tasks, and environmental situations, the Stress Checklist Short-Form (Imazu et al., 2006), the Coping Scale (Ozeki, 1993), and the Self-Efficacy Scale (Narita et al., 1995). Participants’ demographic data such as age, gender, household status, engagement in clubs or part-time jobs, and initial career interests were also collected. Data analysis methods used in this study included descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analyses, independent t-tests, and analyses of variance (ANOVAs). The Pearson correlation was used to examine the correlations among variables, whereas the t-tests and ANOVAs were utilized to evaluate group differences in the level of stress of participants with varied background variables.  Results: The results showed that variables including the interpersonal relationship in clinical settings, task fulfillment, and lack of confidence in carrying out the care result in a higher level of stress, while factors such as gender, age, household status, and engagement in clubs or part-time jobs were variables that less likely contribute to students’ stress. With respect to the stress reactions, many students reported anxiety and psychosomatic symptoms during the period of clinical practicum. Nevertheless, the results revealed that students with a higher level of self-efficacy had a significant lower degree of anxiety and that students with consistent career interest in nursing showed a significantly lower level of stress. Furthermore, senior nursing students demonstrated significantly a higher level of stress than their junior peers.  Conclusion: The present study indicated that although college nursing students tend to express anxiety and demonstrate psychosomatic reactions to the stress during the period of clinical practicum, a higher level of perception of self-efficacy may result in a lower level of stress. In addition, it was found that many of the students have a stressful feeling toward interpersonal relationship in the clinical settings. Findings of this study indicated the importance of promoting nursing students’ self-efficacy and ensuring them a warm clinical environment.
Keywords:
clinical practicum; stress; nursing students
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15SC2.42
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleInvestigation of the Stress Level and Potential Contributive Factors for Japanese College Nursing Students during the Period of Clinical Practicumen
dc.contributor.authorHoshi, Miwakoen
dc.contributor.authorNakashima, Izumien
dc.contributor.authorMizoguchi, Erien
dc.contributor.authorMoriki, Hitomien
dc.contributor.authorNakashima, Izumien
dc.contributor.authorMizoguchi, Erien
dc.contributor.authorMoriki, Hitomien
dc.contributor.departmentBeta Muen
dc.author.detailsMiwako Hoshi, PhD, RN, hoshichan@hotmail.com; Izumi Nakashima, RN; Eri Mizoguchi, RN; Hitomi Moriki, RNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/602894en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Purpose:Clinical practicum plays a crucial role in nursing education. However, it is indicated that students often experience great stress due to various tasks they have to carry out and fulfill as a nursing student in varied types of clinical environment. Purpose of this study was to examine the level of stress of Japanese college nursing students and to detect potential factors that might contribute to their increased level of stress during the period of clinical practicum. In addition, the relationship between students’ level of stress and potential factors were examined. In this study, factors that contribute to students’ stress primarily refer to his or her self-efficacy, career interests, interpersonal relationship in the clinical settings, clinical tasks, as well as demographic factors such as age, gender, and household status and so on. Methods: A descriptive correlational research design was used in this study. A total of 137 college nursing students who are juniors and seniors was recruited from a national university located in southern Japan to participate in this study by using convenience sampling method. Participants were requested to complete a set of scales used to assess the level of stress and self-efficacy. The scales included the Clinical Practicum Stress Scale , a 24-item questionnaire, developed by the researcher to examine the stress resulted from interpersonal relationships, clinical tasks, and environmental situations, the Stress Checklist Short-Form (Imazu et al., 2006), the Coping Scale (Ozeki, 1993), and the Self-Efficacy Scale (Narita et al., 1995). Participants’ demographic data such as age, gender, household status, engagement in clubs or part-time jobs, and initial career interests were also collected. Data analysis methods used in this study included descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analyses, independent t-tests, and analyses of variance (ANOVAs). The Pearson correlation was used to examine the correlations among variables, whereas the t-tests and ANOVAs were utilized to evaluate group differences in the level of stress of participants with varied background variables.  Results: The results showed that variables including the interpersonal relationship in clinical settings, task fulfillment, and lack of confidence in carrying out the care result in a higher level of stress, while factors such as gender, age, household status, and engagement in clubs or part-time jobs were variables that less likely contribute to students’ stress. With respect to the stress reactions, many students reported anxiety and psychosomatic symptoms during the period of clinical practicum. Nevertheless, the results revealed that students with a higher level of self-efficacy had a significant lower degree of anxiety and that students with consistent career interest in nursing showed a significantly lower level of stress. Furthermore, senior nursing students demonstrated significantly a higher level of stress than their junior peers.  Conclusion: The present study indicated that although college nursing students tend to express anxiety and demonstrate psychosomatic reactions to the stress during the period of clinical practicum, a higher level of perception of self-efficacy may result in a lower level of stress. In addition, it was found that many of the students have a stressful feeling toward interpersonal relationship in the clinical settings. Findings of this study indicated the importance of promoting nursing students’ self-efficacy and ensuring them a warm clinical environment.en
dc.subjectclinical practicumen
dc.subjectstressen
dc.subjectnursing studentsen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:38:58Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:38:58Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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