A Toilet or a Mobile Phone?: Exploring Interactions and Choices That Influence the Health of Mothers in Kenya Using Structural Equation Modeling

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/603067
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Toilet or a Mobile Phone?: Exploring Interactions and Choices That Influence the Health of Mothers in Kenya Using Structural Equation Modeling
Other Titles:
Expanding Your Thinking: Revamping Curriculum and Cultural Interactions [Session]
Author(s):
Oerther, Sarah E.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Phi Gamma
Author Details:
Sarah E. Oerther, RN, oertherse@slu.edu
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, November 8, 2015: In 2013 the UN opined, “Of the world’s seven billion people, six billion have mobile phones. However, only 4.5 billion have access to toilets or latrines…” (Eliasson, 2013).  This statement clearly reflects a bias that implies toilets are better than mobile phones for meeting basic needs.  While it is well document that access to toilets results in improved health through improved hygiene, it remains to be determined if investments in toilets provide a greater return for protecting health as compared to investments in alternative technologies such as mobile phones.  The research gap that this study aims to address is to compare the relative contributions of toilets or mobile phones for protecting the health of mothers.  The approach taken in this study is to construct and evaluate a structural equation model (SEM) that explicitly tests the hypothesis, toilets are more important than mobile phones for protecting the health of mothers.  A secondary data set collected in 2008 from household surveys in Kenya was retrieved from the demographic healthy survey program funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).  The SEM was constructed to evaluate maternal health as the primary objective with socioeconomic status, household education, the presence of a toilet, and the presence of a mobile phone as critical inputs.  Output measures included maternal body mass index (BMI) and child BMI.  This project highlights that interventions such as toilets or mobile phones are best evaluated when considering the complex interactions that are part of a dynamic health system with rapid advances occurring in technology.
Keywords:
Structural Equation Modeling (SEM); Gender Data Gap; International Development
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15B26
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleA Toilet or a Mobile Phone?: Exploring Interactions and Choices That Influence the Health of Mothers in Kenya Using Structural Equation Modelingen
dc.title.alternativeExpanding Your Thinking: Revamping Curriculum and Cultural Interactions [Session]en
dc.contributor.authorOerther, Sarah E.en
dc.contributor.departmentPhi Gammaen
dc.author.detailsSarah E. Oerther, RN, oertherse@slu.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/603067en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, November 8, 2015: In 2013 the UN opined, “Of the world’s seven billion people, six billion have mobile phones. However, only 4.5 billion have access to toilets or latrines…” (Eliasson, 2013).  This statement clearly reflects a bias that implies toilets are better than mobile phones for meeting basic needs.  While it is well document that access to toilets results in improved health through improved hygiene, it remains to be determined if investments in toilets provide a greater return for protecting health as compared to investments in alternative technologies such as mobile phones.  The research gap that this study aims to address is to compare the relative contributions of toilets or mobile phones for protecting the health of mothers.  The approach taken in this study is to construct and evaluate a structural equation model (SEM) that explicitly tests the hypothesis, toilets are more important than mobile phones for protecting the health of mothers.  A secondary data set collected in 2008 from household surveys in Kenya was retrieved from the demographic healthy survey program funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).  The SEM was constructed to evaluate maternal health as the primary objective with socioeconomic status, household education, the presence of a toilet, and the presence of a mobile phone as critical inputs.  Output measures included maternal body mass index (BMI) and child BMI.  This project highlights that interventions such as toilets or mobile phones are best evaluated when considering the complex interactions that are part of a dynamic health system with rapid advances occurring in technology.en
dc.subjectStructural Equation Modeling (SEM)en
dc.subjectGender Data Gapen
dc.subjectInternational Developmenten
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:42:36Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:42:36Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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