Know Your Tools: Improving Nurses' Use of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) to Detect Delirium

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/603207
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Know Your Tools: Improving Nurses' Use of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) to Detect Delirium
Other Titles:
Attitudes and Practices Regarding Emotional Health [Session]
Author(s):
Plagenhoef, Julie
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Xi Mu
Author Details:
Julie Plagenhoef, RN, CMSRN, plagenho@ohsu.edu
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015: Background: Delirium is a serious illness that increases patient morbidity and mortality during and after hospitalization (Maclullich et al., 2013). Early identification of delirium is an important step to improve patient outcomes (Holly, Cantwell, & Jadotte, 2012). Although the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) has been validated as a useful instrument to assess for delirium in the acute care setting, anecdotal experience indicates bedside nurses do not always use it effectively.  The aim of this project is to provide targeted education to clinical nurses to improve their ability to use CAM assessments to detect delirium in the acute care trauma setting. Purpose: The purpose of the presentation is to describe how the change acceleration process was used to design and implement a targeted education approach to improve CAM scoring. Methods: A change acceleration process of preparation, assessment, diagnosis, planning, treatment, and evaluation was used to achieve improvement in staff nurses' use of the CAM tool on a 21-bed acute care trauma unit. During preparation, the project leader mobilized commitment for the project from the unit manager, staff educator, clinical nurses, professional practice leaders, and data experts. Baseline data on CAM completeness was assessed via chart review of patients admitted to the unit over a period of one month. Baseline reliability of the CAM was determined by measuring the agreement between two expert CAM users and clinical nurse CAM assessments. All clinical nurses on the unit were surveyed to assess their current state of knowledge of the CAM and to determine barriers to CAM completion and reliability. This informed the development of the intervention, a targeted, 40-minute education session, which was given to all 34 nurses on the unit over a period of 2.5 weeks. Post-intervention completeness and reliability of CAM assessments was measured directly after the education. Results: Thirty-nine patient CAM assessments were assessed pre-training and 39 different patient CAM assessments were analyzed post-training. There was a significant increase in CAM completeness between pre and post-training (73% vs. 85%, Z=2.36, p < 0.009). Inter-rater reliability also increased pre and post- training. Pre-training agreement on whether a patient was CAM positive was 84%, while post-training agreement rose to 97% (K= -.059, p= 0.102).  The cost to implement this project was $3,925, including staff time for educating 34 nurses and chart auditing. Conclusion: This project improved the completeness and reliability of nurses using the CAM tool to assess for delirium in the acute care trauma setting. Early interventions and improvement in patient outcomes is the ultimate goal of improving staff nurse assessment of delirium. In order to sustain this change, follow-up target education must be continued through designated nurse in-service days, updates in newsletters, and one-on-one coaching. In order to achieve improvement in patient outcomes, further projects must focus on intervention strategies to prevent and mitigate the effects of delirium.
Keywords:
Delirium; education; CAM
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15E08
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleKnow Your Tools: Improving Nurses' Use of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) to Detect Deliriumen
dc.title.alternativeAttitudes and Practices Regarding Emotional Health [Session]en
dc.contributor.authorPlagenhoef, Julieen
dc.contributor.departmentXi Muen
dc.author.detailsJulie Plagenhoef, RN, CMSRN, plagenho@ohsu.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/603207en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, November 9, 2015: Background: Delirium is a serious illness that increases patient morbidity and mortality during and after hospitalization (Maclullich et al., 2013). Early identification of delirium is an important step to improve patient outcomes (Holly, Cantwell, & Jadotte, 2012). Although the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) has been validated as a useful instrument to assess for delirium in the acute care setting, anecdotal experience indicates bedside nurses do not always use it effectively.  The aim of this project is to provide targeted education to clinical nurses to improve their ability to use CAM assessments to detect delirium in the acute care trauma setting. Purpose: The purpose of the presentation is to describe how the change acceleration process was used to design and implement a targeted education approach to improve CAM scoring. Methods: A change acceleration process of preparation, assessment, diagnosis, planning, treatment, and evaluation was used to achieve improvement in staff nurses' use of the CAM tool on a 21-bed acute care trauma unit. During preparation, the project leader mobilized commitment for the project from the unit manager, staff educator, clinical nurses, professional practice leaders, and data experts. Baseline data on CAM completeness was assessed via chart review of patients admitted to the unit over a period of one month. Baseline reliability of the CAM was determined by measuring the agreement between two expert CAM users and clinical nurse CAM assessments. All clinical nurses on the unit were surveyed to assess their current state of knowledge of the CAM and to determine barriers to CAM completion and reliability. This informed the development of the intervention, a targeted, 40-minute education session, which was given to all 34 nurses on the unit over a period of 2.5 weeks. Post-intervention completeness and reliability of CAM assessments was measured directly after the education. Results: Thirty-nine patient CAM assessments were assessed pre-training and 39 different patient CAM assessments were analyzed post-training. There was a significant increase in CAM completeness between pre and post-training (73% vs. 85%, Z=2.36, p < 0.009). Inter-rater reliability also increased pre and post- training. Pre-training agreement on whether a patient was CAM positive was 84%, while post-training agreement rose to 97% (K= -.059, p= 0.102).  The cost to implement this project was $3,925, including staff time for educating 34 nurses and chart auditing. Conclusion: This project improved the completeness and reliability of nurses using the CAM tool to assess for delirium in the acute care trauma setting. Early interventions and improvement in patient outcomes is the ultimate goal of improving staff nurse assessment of delirium. In order to sustain this change, follow-up target education must be continued through designated nurse in-service days, updates in newsletters, and one-on-one coaching. In order to achieve improvement in patient outcomes, further projects must focus on intervention strategies to prevent and mitigate the effects of delirium.en
dc.subjectDeliriumen
dc.subjecteducationen
dc.subjectCAMen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:45:36Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:45:36Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.