Career Choice and Longevity in U.S. Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurses

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/603246
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Career Choice and Longevity in U.S. Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurses
Other Titles:
The Psychological Impact of Nursing and Nursing Care [Session]
Author(s):
Diefenbeck, Cynthia A.; Alexander, Robbi K.; Alexander, Robbi K.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta Xi
Author Details:
Cynthia A. Diefenbeck, RN, PMHCNS-BC, cynthia@udel.edu; Robbi K. Alexander, RN, PMHCNS-BC
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, November 8, 2015: In the United States (US), demand for mental health services continues to increase as federal initiatives such as the Affordable Care Act and mental health parity improve access to and coverage for mental health services.  Psychiatric-mental health nurses are uniquely qualified to bolster mental health treatment across the continuum of care, but relative few nurses enter and remain in the specialty. Prior research has focused on the unpopularity of psychiatric nursing as a career choice for nursing students.  The purpose of the study was to explore the experiences of those nurses who did choose psychiatric nursing careers and have remained in the specialty area.  Descriptive phenomenology was employed to examine how nurses entered and remained in the specialty.  In a face-to-face interview, eight registered nurses described their experiences with psychiatric nursing as a student, their entry into psychiatric nursing, and factors related to their longevity in the specialty. Giorgi’s Existential Phenomenological Research Method was employed to analyze the interview data.  Three themes emerged related to career choice:  Interest developed prior to or while in nursing school, Personal relevance, and Validation of potential.  Three themes emerged related to retention:  Overcoming stereotypes to develop career pride, Positive team dynamics, and Remaining hopeful.  Nurse educators play an important role in identifying talent, validating capability, enhancing interest, and increasing confidence to pursue a psychiatric nursing career, while nursing administrators and clinicians play a key role in retention.  Findings also stimulate pertinent questions surrounding the long-term viability of the psychiatric-mental health nursing specialty in the US as well as the nation’s model of generalist entry-to-practice model of nursing education.
Keywords:
Psychiatric-mental health nursing; Career choice and longevity; Workforce
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15C16
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleCareer Choice and Longevity in U.S. Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursesen
dc.title.alternativeThe Psychological Impact of Nursing and Nursing Care [Session]en
dc.contributor.authorDiefenbeck, Cynthia A.en
dc.contributor.authorAlexander, Robbi K.en
dc.contributor.authorAlexander, Robbi K.en
dc.contributor.departmentBeta Xien
dc.author.detailsCynthia A. Diefenbeck, RN, PMHCNS-BC, cynthia@udel.edu; Robbi K. Alexander, RN, PMHCNS-BCen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/603246en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, November 8, 2015: In the United States (US), demand for mental health services continues to increase as federal initiatives such as the Affordable Care Act and mental health parity improve access to and coverage for mental health services.  Psychiatric-mental health nurses are uniquely qualified to bolster mental health treatment across the continuum of care, but relative few nurses enter and remain in the specialty. Prior research has focused on the unpopularity of psychiatric nursing as a career choice for nursing students.  The purpose of the study was to explore the experiences of those nurses who did choose psychiatric nursing careers and have remained in the specialty area.  Descriptive phenomenology was employed to examine how nurses entered and remained in the specialty.  In a face-to-face interview, eight registered nurses described their experiences with psychiatric nursing as a student, their entry into psychiatric nursing, and factors related to their longevity in the specialty. Giorgi’s Existential Phenomenological Research Method was employed to analyze the interview data.  Three themes emerged related to career choice:  Interest developed prior to or while in nursing school, Personal relevance, and Validation of potential.  Three themes emerged related to retention:  Overcoming stereotypes to develop career pride, Positive team dynamics, and Remaining hopeful.  Nurse educators play an important role in identifying talent, validating capability, enhancing interest, and increasing confidence to pursue a psychiatric nursing career, while nursing administrators and clinicians play a key role in retention.  Findings also stimulate pertinent questions surrounding the long-term viability of the psychiatric-mental health nursing specialty in the US as well as the nation’s model of generalist entry-to-practice model of nursing education.en
dc.subjectPsychiatric-mental health nursingen
dc.subjectCareer choice and longevityen
dc.subjectWorkforceen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:46:27Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:46:27Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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