Intent of Hispanic/Latino Adolescents toward Tissue and Organ Donation: A Pilot Study of a Culturally Sensitive Educational Intervention

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/603263
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Intent of Hispanic/Latino Adolescents toward Tissue and Organ Donation: A Pilot Study of a Culturally Sensitive Educational Intervention
Other Titles:
Being Aware of Cultural Differences in the Clinical Setting [Session]
Author(s):
Castellanos, Sharon A.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Rho Alpha
Author Details:
Sharon A. Castellanos, RN, WHNP-BC, CNS, AHN-BC, sharon.castellanos@kp.org
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015: Abstract: Background:  Adolescents of Hispanic descent are an important and under-represented target populations for organ and tissue donation. The intent of this study is to measure the effect of a culturally sensitive educational curriculum on awareness and intent to donate among a predominantly Hispanic cohort of adolescents. Methods:   A quasi-experimental pre-post design was conducted among students from 3 high schools with predominantly Hispanic populations. Subjects completed pre-intervention surveys prior to a 40-minute educational intervention. Post-intervention surveys were administered 10-14 days later. Changes to survey responses on knowledge and intent from pre to post intervention were compared using paired t-tests. Results:   A total of 301 students participated, 67% of which were Hispanic.  Twenty-six percent of subjects expressed intent to donate pre-intervention; this increased by 18 percentage points (95 CI:  12%-25%) to 44% post-intervention (p<0.0001). At baseline, intent to donate was 26% and 22% among Hispanics and non-Hispanics. Post-intervention, 51% of Hispanics expressed intent to donate (p=0.001) and 28% non-Hispanic (0.13). Pre-intervention, females were more likely to discuss organ donation with family compared to males (33% vs 16%, p=0.001); post intervention, the prevalence increased in both groups (to 46% and 41%, in females and males, respectively).  Conclusion:  This study demonstrates that a culturally appropriate, single classroom intervention can correct misinformation and promote communication about tissue/organ donation among high school students. The intervention appeared particularly effective among Hispanics, a group traditionally underrepresented among tissue and organ donors. These results proved to be effective regarding expressed intent, a large-scale cluster randomized implementation in all 13 high schools located in a large metropolitan bay area school district, is planned in 2015.  Keywords: Organ/Tissue donation, adolescents, culturally sensitive,   education, knowledge and intent   
Keywords:
Adolescants; Education; Organ/tissue donation
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15E10
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleIntent of Hispanic/Latino Adolescents toward Tissue and Organ Donation: A Pilot Study of a Culturally Sensitive Educational Interventionen
dc.title.alternativeBeing Aware of Cultural Differences in the Clinical Setting [Session]en
dc.contributor.authorCastellanos, Sharon A.en
dc.contributor.departmentRho Alphaen
dc.author.detailsSharon A. Castellanos, RN, WHNP-BC, CNS, AHN-BC, sharon.castellanos@kp.orgen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/603263en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, November 9, 2015: Abstract: Background:  Adolescents of Hispanic descent are an important and under-represented target populations for organ and tissue donation. The intent of this study is to measure the effect of a culturally sensitive educational curriculum on awareness and intent to donate among a predominantly Hispanic cohort of adolescents. Methods:   A quasi-experimental pre-post design was conducted among students from 3 high schools with predominantly Hispanic populations. Subjects completed pre-intervention surveys prior to a 40-minute educational intervention. Post-intervention surveys were administered 10-14 days later. Changes to survey responses on knowledge and intent from pre to post intervention were compared using paired t-tests. Results:   A total of 301 students participated, 67% of which were Hispanic.  Twenty-six percent of subjects expressed intent to donate pre-intervention; this increased by 18 percentage points (95 CI:  12%-25%) to 44% post-intervention (p<0.0001). At baseline, intent to donate was 26% and 22% among Hispanics and non-Hispanics. Post-intervention, 51% of Hispanics expressed intent to donate (p=0.001) and 28% non-Hispanic (0.13). Pre-intervention, females were more likely to discuss organ donation with family compared to males (33% vs 16%, p=0.001); post intervention, the prevalence increased in both groups (to 46% and 41%, in females and males, respectively).  Conclusion:  This study demonstrates that a culturally appropriate, single classroom intervention can correct misinformation and promote communication about tissue/organ donation among high school students. The intervention appeared particularly effective among Hispanics, a group traditionally underrepresented among tissue and organ donors. These results proved to be effective regarding expressed intent, a large-scale cluster randomized implementation in all 13 high schools located in a large metropolitan bay area school district, is planned in 2015.  Keywords: Organ/Tissue donation, adolescents, culturally sensitive,   education, knowledge and intent   en
dc.subjectAdolescantsen
dc.subjectEducationen
dc.subjectOrgan/tissue donationen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:46:47Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:46:47Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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