The Relationship between Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Knowledge of Cardiovascular Disease in African Men in the North-West Province

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/603287
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationship between Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Knowledge of Cardiovascular Disease in African Men in the North-West Province
Other Titles:
Promoting Cardiovascular Related Education [Session]
Author(s):
Burger, Adele; Pretorius, Ronel; Fourie, Carla; Schutte, Alta; Pretorius, Ronel; Fourie, Carla; Schutte, Alta
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Tau Lamba-at-Large
Author Details:
Adele Burger, RN, RM, OHNP, PHC, adele.burger@nwu.ac.za; Ronel Pretorius, PhD, RN, RM; Carla Fourie, RN, RM; Alta Schutte
Abstract:
Session presented on Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Background: In South Africa, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is often underestimated. CVD occurs commonly, especially in urban areas with two thirds of Africans presenting with multiple risk factors for CVD. Although several studies have been done on the high prevalence and burden of CVD, there is limited research investigating possible relationships between CV risk factors and CVD knowledge. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between CV risk factors and knowledge of CVD in a group of African men. Subjects and Method: The study included 118 African men employed at the Vaalharts Water Scheme, North-West Province, South Africa. Participants completed questionnaires on general health information, as well as a Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire. Individual health screening included anthropometric measurements (height, weight, waist circumference and body mass index), blood pressure (BP), rapid testing of blood glucose and cholesterol. By using Pearson correlations we determined whether CVD knowledge scores relate to individual CV risk factors. Results: The mean CV knowledge score was 75% with an acceptable Cronbach’s alpha of 0.64 (CA=0.64). Participants had a mean BP of 146/92 mmHg, which falls in the hypertensive range of the European Hypertension guidelines. Their fasting blood glucose levels of 5.8 ± 2.0 mmol/L were higher than the normal cut-off range of 5.6 mmol/L. Their body mass index was 25.9 ± 5.9 kg/m 2. Overall, we observed a lack of association between CV risk factors and CVD knowledge. Only one borderline significant association existed between triglycerides and CVD knowledge (r=0.167; p=0.071). Conclusions: Despite African men having an increased CV risk and a relatively good understanding of CVD risk factors, there seems to be a disconnect between their CV risk and CVD knowledge. Our results suggest that a good CVD knowledge does not appear to influence changes in CV risk factor levels.
Keywords:
Health knowledge; Health promotion; Heart disease
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15H01
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleThe Relationship between Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Knowledge of Cardiovascular Disease in African Men in the North-West Provinceen
dc.title.alternativePromoting Cardiovascular Related Education [Session]en
dc.contributor.authorBurger, Adeleen
dc.contributor.authorPretorius, Ronelen
dc.contributor.authorFourie, Carlaen
dc.contributor.authorSchutte, Altaen
dc.contributor.authorPretorius, Ronelen
dc.contributor.authorFourie, Carlaen
dc.contributor.authorSchutte, Altaen
dc.contributor.departmentTau Lamba-at-Largeen
dc.author.detailsAdele Burger, RN, RM, OHNP, PHC, adele.burger@nwu.ac.za; Ronel Pretorius, PhD, RN, RM; Carla Fourie, RN, RM; Alta Schutteen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/603287en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Background: In South Africa, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is often underestimated. CVD occurs commonly, especially in urban areas with two thirds of Africans presenting with multiple risk factors for CVD. Although several studies have been done on the high prevalence and burden of CVD, there is limited research investigating possible relationships between CV risk factors and CVD knowledge. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between CV risk factors and knowledge of CVD in a group of African men. Subjects and Method: The study included 118 African men employed at the Vaalharts Water Scheme, North-West Province, South Africa. Participants completed questionnaires on general health information, as well as a Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire. Individual health screening included anthropometric measurements (height, weight, waist circumference and body mass index), blood pressure (BP), rapid testing of blood glucose and cholesterol. By using Pearson correlations we determined whether CVD knowledge scores relate to individual CV risk factors. Results: The mean CV knowledge score was 75% with an acceptable Cronbach’s alpha of 0.64 (CA=0.64). Participants had a mean BP of 146/92 mmHg, which falls in the hypertensive range of the European Hypertension guidelines. Their fasting blood glucose levels of 5.8 ± 2.0 mmol/L were higher than the normal cut-off range of 5.6 mmol/L. Their body mass index was 25.9 ± 5.9 kg/m 2. Overall, we observed a lack of association between CV risk factors and CVD knowledge. Only one borderline significant association existed between triglycerides and CVD knowledge (r=0.167; p=0.071). Conclusions: Despite African men having an increased CV risk and a relatively good understanding of CVD risk factors, there seems to be a disconnect between their CV risk and CVD knowledge. Our results suggest that a good CVD knowledge does not appear to influence changes in CV risk factor levels.en
dc.subjectHealth knowledgeen
dc.subjectHealth promotionen
dc.subjectHeart diseaseen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:47:20Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:47:20Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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