A Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/603904
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom
Other Titles:
Building Programs to Benefit Students, Faculty and Patients [Session]
Author(s):
Casale, L.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Iota Xi
Author Details:
L. Casale, RN
Abstract:
Session presented on Friday, April 8, 2016: ABSTRACT:�Title:�A Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraq Veterans. Background: In this country, there is concern for the mental health of the returning OEF/OIF Veterans who have been sent to participate in the present conflict.�According to Veterans Health Administration (VHA), everyday twenty-two Veterans take their own lives ("About Cochrane systematic reviews and protocols," 2014).�Important variables that contribute to poor mental health in veterans include:� a debilitating physical injury or exposure to stressful environments, loss of institutional structure that necessitates decision-makings, and lack of a home or family to assist with integration back into society.�Frequently these situations contribute to suicidal thoughts and behavioral conditions such as anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, and chronic pain (Bossarte, Claassen, & Knox, 2010).�Therefore, reviewing the literature for ways to reducing OEF/OIF Veterans suicide is essential given the increase rate of Veterans suicides.�Aims:�The aim of this study is to identify what suicide assessment and prevention intervention programs can help reduce suicide in OEF/OIF Veteran patients. Design:�Systematic Review Search strategies:� A literature search was performed using a variety of electric databases.�CINHAL, OVID, MEDLINE, and Cochrane database of system reviews and Cochrane�library were searched from 2010-2015 using key words suicide prevention programs, OEF/OIF Veterans, suicide in Veterans, PTSD in Veterans, and depression in Veterans.�In the search, the terms were individually searched and also in various combinations.�Studies were selected based on inclusion � exclusion criteria that were formulated.�Data was selected�independently �from their methodological quality assessed using the Caldwell framework.�Results:�Of the 303 citations identified from searching the databases and 3 were manually searched, 294 studies were retrieved for full review; 7 met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed while 53 were excluded for not meeting inclusion criteria.�Findings:�Seven studies fell within the inclusion criteria were then submitted to a data extraction and appraisal process based on a framework developed by Caldwell (Bettany-Saltikov, 2012). The Caldwell framework involves a checklist of the following seven steps:� author, aim of study, sample size, design, data collection, analysis, and findings (Bettany-Saltikov, 2012). Conclusion:�Upon completion of an extensive Systematic Review, the existing literature reveals Veterans may not always receive high-quality care.�Providers working with Veterans in the VHA were more inclined to meet the VA standard of care.�The literature recommended community providers are offered training on suicide prevention to expand access to evidence-based approaches to have a positive impact on suicide prevention in the future in the Veterans population (Bagalman, �2015).
Keywords:
OEF/OIF Suicide; Veterans Suicide; Suicide Prevention
Repository Posting Date:
29-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
29-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
NERC16C02
Conference Date:
2016
Conference Name:
Nursing Education Research Conference 2016
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing, and National League for Nursing
Conference Location:
Washington, DC
Description:
Nursing Education Research Conference Theme: Research as a Catalyst for Transformative Practice

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleA Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedomen
dc.title.alternativeBuilding Programs to Benefit Students, Faculty and Patients [Session]en
dc.contributor.authorCasale, L.en
dc.contributor.departmentIota Xien
dc.author.detailsL. Casale, RNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/603904en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Friday, April 8, 2016: ABSTRACT:�Title:�A Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraq Veterans. Background: In this country, there is concern for the mental health of the returning OEF/OIF Veterans who have been sent to participate in the present conflict.�According to Veterans Health Administration (VHA), everyday twenty-two Veterans take their own lives ("About Cochrane systematic reviews and protocols," 2014).�Important variables that contribute to poor mental health in veterans include:� a debilitating physical injury or exposure to stressful environments, loss of institutional structure that necessitates decision-makings, and lack of a home or family to assist with integration back into society.�Frequently these situations contribute to suicidal thoughts and behavioral conditions such as anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, and chronic pain (Bossarte, Claassen, & Knox, 2010).�Therefore, reviewing the literature for ways to reducing OEF/OIF Veterans suicide is essential given the increase rate of Veterans suicides.�Aims:�The aim of this study is to identify what suicide assessment and prevention intervention programs can help reduce suicide in OEF/OIF Veteran patients. Design:�Systematic Review Search strategies:� A literature search was performed using a variety of electric databases.�CINHAL, OVID, MEDLINE, and Cochrane database of system reviews and Cochrane�library were searched from 2010-2015 using key words suicide prevention programs, OEF/OIF Veterans, suicide in Veterans, PTSD in Veterans, and depression in Veterans.�In the search, the terms were individually searched and also in various combinations.�Studies were selected based on inclusion � exclusion criteria that were formulated.�Data was selected�independently �from their methodological quality assessed using the Caldwell framework.�Results:�Of the 303 citations identified from searching the databases and 3 were manually searched, 294 studies were retrieved for full review; 7 met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed while 53 were excluded for not meeting inclusion criteria.�Findings:�Seven studies fell within the inclusion criteria were then submitted to a data extraction and appraisal process based on a framework developed by Caldwell (Bettany-Saltikov, 2012). The Caldwell framework involves a checklist of the following seven steps:� author, aim of study, sample size, design, data collection, analysis, and findings (Bettany-Saltikov, 2012). Conclusion:�Upon completion of an extensive Systematic Review, the existing literature reveals Veterans may not always receive high-quality care.�Providers working with Veterans in the VHA were more inclined to meet the VA standard of care.�The literature recommended community providers are offered training on suicide prevention to expand access to evidence-based approaches to have a positive impact on suicide prevention in the future in the Veterans population (Bagalman, �2015).en
dc.subjectOEF/OIF Suicideen
dc.subjectVeterans Suicideen
dc.subjectSuicide Preventionen
dc.date.available2016-03-29T13:12:17Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-29en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-29T13:12:17Zen
dc.conference.date2016en
dc.conference.nameNursing Education Research Conference 2016en
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing, and National League for Nursingen
dc.conference.locationWashington, DCen
dc.descriptionNursing Education Research Conference Theme: Research as a Catalyst for Transformative Practiceen
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