A Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/603904
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom
Other Titles:
Building Programs to Benefit Students, Faculty and Patients [Session]
Author(s):
Casale, L.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Iota Xi
Author Details:
L. Casale, RN, cas072000@yahoo.com
Abstract:
Session presented on Friday, April 8, 2016: ABSTRACT: Title:  A Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraq Veterans. Background: In this country, there is concern for the mental health of the returning OEF/OIF Veterans who have been sent to participate in the present conflict.  According to Veterans Health Administration (VHA), everyday twenty-two Veterans take their own lives ("About Cochrane systematic reviews and protocols," 2014).  Important variables that contribute to poor mental health in veterans include:  a debilitating physical injury or exposure to stressful environments, loss of institutional structure that necessitates decision-makings, and lack of a home or family to assist with integration back into society.  Frequently these situations contribute to suicidal thoughts and behavioral conditions such as anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, and chronic pain (Bossarte, Claassen, & Knox, 2010).  Therefore, reviewing the literature for ways to reducing OEF/OIF Veterans suicide is essential given the increase rate of Veterans suicides. Aims:  The aim of this study is to identify what suicide assessment and prevention intervention programs can help reduce suicide in OEF/OIF Veteran patients. Design:  Systematic Review Search strategies:  A literature search was performed using a variety of electric databases.  CINHAL, OVID, MEDLINE, and Cochrane database of system reviews and Cochrane library were searched from 2010-2015 using key words suicide prevention programs, OEF/OIF Veterans, suicide in Veterans, PTSD in Veterans, and depression in Veterans.  In the search, the terms were individually searched and also in various combinations.  Studies were selected based on inclusion – exclusion criteria that were formulated.  Data was selected independently  from their methodological quality assessed using the Caldwell framework. Results:  Of the 303 citations identified from searching the databases and 3 were manually searched, 294 studies were retrieved for full review; 7 met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed while 53 were excluded for not meeting inclusion criteria.  Findings:  Seven studies fell within the inclusion criteria were then submitted to a data extraction and appraisal process based on a framework developed by Caldwell (Bettany-Saltikov, 2012). The Caldwell framework involves a checklist of the following seven steps:  author, aim of study, sample size, design, data collection, analysis, and findings (Bettany-Saltikov, 2012).    Conclusion:  Upon completion of an extensive Systematic Review, the existing literature reveals Veterans may not always receive high-quality care.  Providers working with Veterans in the VHA were more inclined to meet the VA standard of care.  The literature recommended community providers are offered training on suicide prevention to expand access to evidence- based approaches to  have a positive impact on suicide prevention in the future in the Veterans population (Bagalman,  2015).
Keywords:
OEF/OIF Suicide; Veterans Suicide; Suicide Prevention
Repository Posting Date:
29-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
29-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
NERC16C02
Conference Date:
2016
Conference Name:
Nursing Education Research Conference 2016
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing, and National League for Nursing
Conference Location:
Washington, DC
Description:
Nursing Education Research Conference Theme: Research as a Catalyst for Transformative Practice

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleA Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedomen
dc.title.alternativeBuilding Programs to Benefit Students, Faculty and Patients [Session]en
dc.contributor.authorCasale, L.en
dc.contributor.departmentIota Xien
dc.author.detailsL. Casale, RN, cas072000@yahoo.comen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/603904en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Friday, April 8, 2016: ABSTRACT: Title:  A Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraq Veterans. Background: In this country, there is concern for the mental health of the returning OEF/OIF Veterans who have been sent to participate in the present conflict.  According to Veterans Health Administration (VHA), everyday twenty-two Veterans take their own lives ("About Cochrane systematic reviews and protocols," 2014).  Important variables that contribute to poor mental health in veterans include:  a debilitating physical injury or exposure to stressful environments, loss of institutional structure that necessitates decision-makings, and lack of a home or family to assist with integration back into society.  Frequently these situations contribute to suicidal thoughts and behavioral conditions such as anxiety, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, and chronic pain (Bossarte, Claassen, & Knox, 2010).  Therefore, reviewing the literature for ways to reducing OEF/OIF Veterans suicide is essential given the increase rate of Veterans suicides. Aims:  The aim of this study is to identify what suicide assessment and prevention intervention programs can help reduce suicide in OEF/OIF Veteran patients. Design:  Systematic Review Search strategies:  A literature search was performed using a variety of electric databases.  CINHAL, OVID, MEDLINE, and Cochrane database of system reviews and Cochrane library were searched from 2010-2015 using key words suicide prevention programs, OEF/OIF Veterans, suicide in Veterans, PTSD in Veterans, and depression in Veterans.  In the search, the terms were individually searched and also in various combinations.  Studies were selected based on inclusion – exclusion criteria that were formulated.  Data was selected independently  from their methodological quality assessed using the Caldwell framework. Results:  Of the 303 citations identified from searching the databases and 3 were manually searched, 294 studies were retrieved for full review; 7 met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed while 53 were excluded for not meeting inclusion criteria.  Findings:  Seven studies fell within the inclusion criteria were then submitted to a data extraction and appraisal process based on a framework developed by Caldwell (Bettany-Saltikov, 2012). The Caldwell framework involves a checklist of the following seven steps:  author, aim of study, sample size, design, data collection, analysis, and findings (Bettany-Saltikov, 2012).    Conclusion:  Upon completion of an extensive Systematic Review, the existing literature reveals Veterans may not always receive high-quality care.  Providers working with Veterans in the VHA were more inclined to meet the VA standard of care.  The literature recommended community providers are offered training on suicide prevention to expand access to evidence- based approaches to  have a positive impact on suicide prevention in the future in the Veterans population (Bagalman,  2015).en
dc.subjectOEF/OIF Suicideen
dc.subjectVeterans Suicideen
dc.subjectSuicide Preventionen
dc.date.available2016-03-29T13:12:17Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-29en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-29T13:12:17Zen
dc.conference.date2016en
dc.conference.nameNursing Education Research Conference 2016en
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing, and National League for Nursingen
dc.conference.locationWashington, DCen
dc.descriptionNursing Education Research Conference Theme: Research as a Catalyst for Transformative Practiceen
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.