Nursing Interventions to Manage and Prevent Type 2 Diabetes and Its Complications

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/616094
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Nursing Interventions to Manage and Prevent Type 2 Diabetes and Its Complications
Other Titles:
Symposium: The Challenge of Chronic Disease: Opportunities for Nurses in Africa
Author(s):
Melkus, Gail D'Eramo
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Upsilon
Author Details:
Gail D'Eramo Melkus, C-NP, FAAN, gail.melkus@nyu.edu
Abstract:
Session presented on Thursday, July 21, 2016: Diabetes currently affects approximately 9% of the world?s population over 18 years of age and accounts for 1.5 million deaths, at a cost of $376 billion. This translates into 382 million individuals with the disease; and by 2030 the number is estimated to increase to '552 million. Persons living in low and middle income countries experience a disproportionate burden of diabetes and related complications often due to a lack of trained diabetes health care providers and resources. Africa currently has 12 million persons with diabetes and by 2030 the projected number will be 23 million, a 98% increase. The Middle East and North Africa have ~ 26 million persons with diabetes and will also experience an increase to 51 million by 2030, a 94% increase. Currently, China leads the world in number of persons with diabetes at 92 million followed by India at 51 million. These numbers illustrate the global burden diabetes however the extent of the problem is enormous when one considers diabetes complications particularly cardiovascular disease which is the leading cause of morbidity and premature mortality. Diabetes is the single leading cause of end stage renal disease (ESRD)in most countries. Further 171 million with people worldwide experience vision loss or impairment due to diabetes, and there are approximately 1 million lower limb amputations annually- one every 30 sends of which 85% are preventable. Given the complexity of self-management, often with few resources and supports, quality of life is less than optimal. It is reported that ~ 60% of persons living with diabetes suffer from depressive symptoms. Diabetes is a chronic disease that requires daily self-management of dietary intake, physical activity, and medications. Numerous studies have shown that effective cognitive behavioral self-management interventions can result in normal or near-normal glucose control which in turn may delay or slow the progression of micro and macro vascular complications, and improve quality of life. With the global increase in urbanization, obesity, and increased longevity, people are living longer with risk for diabetes or with diabetes thus greater efforts are needed to minimize the accompanying personal and economic burdens.
Keywords:
Type 2 diabetes; Diabetes global burden; diabetes prevention and management
Repository Posting Date:
13-Jul-2016
Date of Publication:
13-Jul-2016 ; 13-Jul-2016
Other Identifiers:
INRC16B12; INRC16B12
Conference Date:
2016
Conference Name:
27th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Cape Town, South Africa
Description:
Theme: Leading Global Research: Advancing Practice, Advocacy, and Policy

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleNursing Interventions to Manage and Prevent Type 2 Diabetes and Its Complicationsen
dc.title.alternativeSymposium: The Challenge of Chronic Disease: Opportunities for Nurses in Africaen
dc.contributor.authorMelkus, Gail D'Eramoen
dc.contributor.departmentUpsilonen
dc.author.detailsGail D'Eramo Melkus, C-NP, FAAN, gail.melkus@nyu.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/616094-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Thursday, July 21, 2016: Diabetes currently affects approximately 9% of the world?s population over 18 years of age and accounts for 1.5 million deaths, at a cost of $376 billion. This translates into 382 million individuals with the disease; and by 2030 the number is estimated to increase to '552 million. Persons living in low and middle income countries experience a disproportionate burden of diabetes and related complications often due to a lack of trained diabetes health care providers and resources. Africa currently has 12 million persons with diabetes and by 2030 the projected number will be 23 million, a 98% increase. The Middle East and North Africa have ~ 26 million persons with diabetes and will also experience an increase to 51 million by 2030, a 94% increase. Currently, China leads the world in number of persons with diabetes at 92 million followed by India at 51 million. These numbers illustrate the global burden diabetes however the extent of the problem is enormous when one considers diabetes complications particularly cardiovascular disease which is the leading cause of morbidity and premature mortality. Diabetes is the single leading cause of end stage renal disease (ESRD)in most countries. Further 171 million with people worldwide experience vision loss or impairment due to diabetes, and there are approximately 1 million lower limb amputations annually- one every 30 sends of which 85% are preventable. Given the complexity of self-management, often with few resources and supports, quality of life is less than optimal. It is reported that ~ 60% of persons living with diabetes suffer from depressive symptoms. Diabetes is a chronic disease that requires daily self-management of dietary intake, physical activity, and medications. Numerous studies have shown that effective cognitive behavioral self-management interventions can result in normal or near-normal glucose control which in turn may delay or slow the progression of micro and macro vascular complications, and improve quality of life. With the global increase in urbanization, obesity, and increased longevity, people are living longer with risk for diabetes or with diabetes thus greater efforts are needed to minimize the accompanying personal and economic burdens.en
dc.subjectType 2 diabetesen
dc.subjectDiabetes global burdenen
dc.subjectdiabetes prevention and managementen
dc.date.available2016-07-13T11:04:14Z-
dc.date.issued2016-07-13-
dc.date.issued2016-07-13en
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-13T11:04:14Z-
dc.conference.date2016en
dc.conference.name27th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationCape Town, South Africaen
dc.descriptionTheme: Leading Global Research: Advancing Practice, Advocacy, and Policyen
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.