Asymptomatic At-Risk Population: Health Fair Screening in Diverse Underserved Population

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/616321
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Asymptomatic At-Risk Population: Health Fair Screening in Diverse Underserved Population
Other Titles:
Cultural Diversity in the Care of Underserved Populations
Author(s):
Evers-Manly, Shirley D.; Shaheen, Magda
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Shirley D. Evers-Manly, RN, FAAN, shirleyeversmanly@cdrewu.edu; Magda Shaheen
Abstract:
Session presented on Friday, July 22, 2016: Background: To promote healthy behaviors and provide health screenings to underserved population in Los Angeles (LA), students at Charles R Drew University participate in health fairs. Little is known about cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profile of health fairs participants in underserved diverse communities. PURPOSE:' We explored the'CVD risk profile of participants from the underserved communities in Los Angeles who attended a community health fair conducted by the Charles R Drew University.' 'METHODS: Survey was used to assess reasons of visit, demographics, insurance, smoking, self-perceived health, body mass index, fruit and vegetable consumption and exercise habit. Participants received screenings for blood pressure, blood glucose, and total cholesterol.' Participants with abnormal findings received counseling, education and referral to their providers. Data were analyzed using SPSS Version 22. 'RESULTS: Of 272 participants, 86% were female, 73% were African Americans, 39% were 50 years and older, 28% had College education, 46% had HMO and 21% reported fair/poor health. Participants visited the health fair for screening (31%) and seeking health information (31%). Of the participants, 7% were smokers, 30% were obese, 36% had borderline/hypercholesterolemia, 76% did not'consume five servings of fruits and vegetables, 35% did not exercise 30 minutes or more per day for 3 days/week, 7% were diabetics, and 25% had systolic hypertension, 19% had diastolic hypertension, and 29% had both systolic and diastolic hypertension.' About half (46%) had 3 to 6 risk factors for CVD disease.' Male who were'40 years and older during the health fair who self perceived their health status as' fair/poor health were more likely to have higher risk factors (p<0.05) compared to the other groups.' CONCLUSIONS: About half of the participants were asymptomatic at the time of screening, yet at high risk of CVD. Longitudinal follow-up of the health fair participants is imperative to improve health outcomes and knowledge about CVD.
Keywords:
cardiovascular risk factors; Health fair screening; Underserved community
Repository Posting Date:
13-Jul-2016
Date of Publication:
13-Jul-2016 ; 13-Jul-2016
Other Identifiers:
INRC16E03; INRC16E03
Conference Date:
2016
Conference Name:
27th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Cape Town, South Africa
Description:
Theme: Leading Global Research: Advancing Practice, Advocacy, and Policy

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleAsymptomatic At-Risk Population: Health Fair Screening in Diverse Underserved Populationen
dc.title.alternativeCultural Diversity in the Care of Underserved Populationsen
dc.contributor.authorEvers-Manly, Shirley D.en
dc.contributor.authorShaheen, Magdaen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsShirley D. Evers-Manly, RN, FAAN, shirleyeversmanly@cdrewu.edu; Magda Shaheenen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/616321-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Friday, July 22, 2016: Background: To promote healthy behaviors and provide health screenings to underserved population in Los Angeles (LA), students at Charles R Drew University participate in health fairs. Little is known about cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profile of health fairs participants in underserved diverse communities. PURPOSE:' We explored the'CVD risk profile of participants from the underserved communities in Los Angeles who attended a community health fair conducted by the Charles R Drew University.' 'METHODS: Survey was used to assess reasons of visit, demographics, insurance, smoking, self-perceived health, body mass index, fruit and vegetable consumption and exercise habit. Participants received screenings for blood pressure, blood glucose, and total cholesterol.' Participants with abnormal findings received counseling, education and referral to their providers. Data were analyzed using SPSS Version 22. 'RESULTS: Of 272 participants, 86% were female, 73% were African Americans, 39% were 50 years and older, 28% had College education, 46% had HMO and 21% reported fair/poor health. Participants visited the health fair for screening (31%) and seeking health information (31%). Of the participants, 7% were smokers, 30% were obese, 36% had borderline/hypercholesterolemia, 76% did not'consume five servings of fruits and vegetables, 35% did not exercise 30 minutes or more per day for 3 days/week, 7% were diabetics, and 25% had systolic hypertension, 19% had diastolic hypertension, and 29% had both systolic and diastolic hypertension.' About half (46%) had 3 to 6 risk factors for CVD disease.' Male who were'40 years and older during the health fair who self perceived their health status as' fair/poor health were more likely to have higher risk factors (p<0.05) compared to the other groups.' CONCLUSIONS: About half of the participants were asymptomatic at the time of screening, yet at high risk of CVD. Longitudinal follow-up of the health fair participants is imperative to improve health outcomes and knowledge about CVD.en
dc.subjectcardiovascular risk factorsen
dc.subjectHealth fair screeningen
dc.subjectUnderserved communityen
dc.date.available2016-07-13T11:09:52Z-
dc.date.issued2016-07-13-
dc.date.issued2016-07-13en
dc.date.accessioned2016-07-13T11:09:52Z-
dc.conference.date2016en
dc.conference.name27th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationCape Town, South Africaen
dc.descriptionTheme: Leading Global Research: Advancing Practice, Advocacy, and Policyen
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