2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/620227
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Poster
Title:
E-Cigarettes: Effective Smoking Cessation Aids?
Author(s):
Lawrence, Casey J.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Casey J. Lawrence, cjl2cc@virginia.edu
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, September 18, 2016: Since e-cigarettes were introduced to the United States in 2007, use among adults has greatly increased. The most reported reason for e-cigarette use is to aid cigarette smoking cessation. Although behavior support and medications including gums and nicotine patches increase cigarette smoking cessation rates, long-term rates still remain low. Electronic cigarettes have sensory and behavioral aspects that other current treatments seem to lack. In this study, a literature review was conducted to determine if e-cigarettes are a safe and effective tool for promoting smoking cessation among adult tobacco smokers. Using the keywords e-cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, smoking cessation, smokers, and safe, five databases were searched: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, The Joanna Briggs Institute Library, PsycNET, and Ovid Medline. Meta-analyses, systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, and studies involving adults and current tobacco smokers were included in this review. Studies that were not published within the past 10 years, studies not published in English, and studies involving hospitalized or diseased patients were excluded from this review. A total of 11 studies were selected for review, three of which were meta-analyses. Results indicate that the efficacy of e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid has not been established. Multiple studies found that e-cigarette users were able to reduce their cigarette consumption, suggesting that e-cigarettes may be moderately effective for promoting smoking cessation; however, this data is inconclusive primarily because few clinical trials have been conducted to examine the relationship between e-cigarettes and smoking cessation. Studies also indicate that e-cigarettes contain toxic chemicals. However, e-cigarettes are considered to be a much less harmful alternative to smoking cigarettes, although no long-term adverse event data is currently available. Compared to cigarettes, e-cigarettes cause less secondhand toxicity exposure, fewer adverse effects, and less cytotoxicity. Uncertainty regarding the standardization of e-cigarette ingredients presents an additional safety concern. Currently, there is not yet enough evidence for clinicians to advise patients to use e-cigarettes as a primary smoking cessation aid. More large-scale, controlled clinical trials must be conducted to further assess the safety and effectiveness of e-cigarettes as smoking cessation aids. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)?s recent announcement that e-cigarettes will be subject to FDA regulation starting in August 2016 may encourage researchers to conduct these much needed trials.
Keywords:
Smoking Cessation; E-cigarettes; Safe
Repository Posting Date:
16-Sep-2016
Date of Publication:
16-Sep-2016
Other Identifiers:
LEAD16PST41
Conference Date:
2016
Conference Name:
Leadership Connection 2016
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
Leadership Connection 2016 Theme: Personal. Professional. Global. Held at the Marriott Downtown, Indianapolis.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleE-Cigarettes: Effective Smoking Cessation Aids?en
dc.contributor.authorLawrence, Casey J.en
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsCasey J. Lawrence, cjl2cc@virginia.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/620227-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, September 18, 2016: Since e-cigarettes were introduced to the United States in 2007, use among adults has greatly increased. The most reported reason for e-cigarette use is to aid cigarette smoking cessation. Although behavior support and medications including gums and nicotine patches increase cigarette smoking cessation rates, long-term rates still remain low. Electronic cigarettes have sensory and behavioral aspects that other current treatments seem to lack. In this study, a literature review was conducted to determine if e-cigarettes are a safe and effective tool for promoting smoking cessation among adult tobacco smokers. Using the keywords e-cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, smoking cessation, smokers, and safe, five databases were searched: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, The Joanna Briggs Institute Library, PsycNET, and Ovid Medline. Meta-analyses, systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, and studies involving adults and current tobacco smokers were included in this review. Studies that were not published within the past 10 years, studies not published in English, and studies involving hospitalized or diseased patients were excluded from this review. A total of 11 studies were selected for review, three of which were meta-analyses. Results indicate that the efficacy of e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid has not been established. Multiple studies found that e-cigarette users were able to reduce their cigarette consumption, suggesting that e-cigarettes may be moderately effective for promoting smoking cessation; however, this data is inconclusive primarily because few clinical trials have been conducted to examine the relationship between e-cigarettes and smoking cessation. Studies also indicate that e-cigarettes contain toxic chemicals. However, e-cigarettes are considered to be a much less harmful alternative to smoking cigarettes, although no long-term adverse event data is currently available. Compared to cigarettes, e-cigarettes cause less secondhand toxicity exposure, fewer adverse effects, and less cytotoxicity. Uncertainty regarding the standardization of e-cigarette ingredients presents an additional safety concern. Currently, there is not yet enough evidence for clinicians to advise patients to use e-cigarettes as a primary smoking cessation aid. More large-scale, controlled clinical trials must be conducted to further assess the safety and effectiveness of e-cigarettes as smoking cessation aids. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)?s recent announcement that e-cigarettes will be subject to FDA regulation starting in August 2016 may encourage researchers to conduct these much needed trials.en
dc.subjectSmoking Cessationen
dc.subjectE-cigarettesen
dc.subjectSafeen
dc.date.available2016-09-16T14:22:43Z-
dc.date.issued2016-09-16-
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-16T14:22:43Z-
dc.conference.date2016en
dc.conference.nameLeadership Connection 2016en
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen
dc.descriptionLeadership Connection 2016 Theme: Personal. Professional. Global. Held at the Marriott Downtown, Indianapolis.en
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