Does Independent Advanced Practice Nursing Scope Influence Excess Pneumonia Readmissions

12.00
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/620249
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Poster
Title:
Does Independent Advanced Practice Nursing Scope Influence Excess Pneumonia Readmissions
Author(s):
Prado, Laura Ellen; Wright, Phyllis; Cranmer, John; Biscone, Erin
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Epsilon
Author Details:
Laura Ellen Prado, NP, lsmith@atlantabrainandspine.com; Phyllis Wright, NP; John Cranmer, NP; Erin Biscone, CNM
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, September 18, 2016: Background: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) became law in 2010. Two major goals of the legislation were to reduce health care costs and improve quality of care. Hospital readmissions within 30 days of discharge were identified as a significant expense to the federal government that might be reduced by improving quality of care. Purpose: To determine if clinical processes, prevention measures, or advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) practice environment influence excess 30-day excess readmission ratios for community-acquired pneumonia (PN) among patients insured by Medicare. Methods: The relationship between the variables was analyzed by a multiple linear regression. Data included only those 65 and older enrolled in Medicare. The outcome variable was excess PN 30-day readmissions as reported by Center for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS). The predictor variables were analyzed in three clusters?clinical processes, pneumonia primary prevention strategies and APRN practice environment. The clinical processes the Medicare dataset included the proportion of care plans transmitted and proportion of discharge instructions given. Primary prevention variables based on CDC data included the proportion of flu vaccinations and proportion of tobacco use. The APRN practice environment variable from Kaiser Family Foundation data categorized states as having full or restricted practice. � Results: Across the United States, independent APRN scope of practice was associated with a 3.7% reduction in the excess 30-day readmission ratio compared to states with restricted practice (p =.000). In contrast, clinical processes and primary prevention strategies were not associated with decreases in the excess readmission ration (care plan B=0.000, p=0.469; discharge B=0.000, p=0.041; tobacco B=0.000, p=0.885 and flu vaccine B=0.001, p=0.018) Conclusions: Hospitals located in states where APRNs practice independently had a 3.7% lower 30-day readmission ratio for PN compared with hospitals located in states where APRNs have legally-imposed restrictions on their scope of practice. Higher proportions of discharge teaching, care plan transmission, influenza vaccination and lower proportions of tobacco use did not lower the national PN excess 30-day readmission ratio. Implications for nursing education, practice and/or research: In clinical trials, APRN have demonstrated high quality health care. In these national data, independent APRN scope of practice was associated with a statistically significantly lower excess readmission ratio for pneumonia. Consequently, among multiple strategies for reducing 30-day readmissions, we recommend APRNs, consumers, and policy makers work to remove legal barriers to independent APRN practice. This approach is supported by the IOM?s recommendation that nurses practice at the highest level of their education. Future research should be done to identify how scope of practice differences contributes to reductions in 30-day readmissions.
Keywords:
Advanced Practice Nursing; Medicare 30-day re-admissions; Scope of practice
Repository Posting Date:
16-Sep-2016
Date of Publication:
16-Sep-2016
Other Identifiers:
LEAD16PST55
Conference Date:
2016
Conference Name:
Leadership Connection 2016
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
Leadership Connection 2016 Theme: Personal. Professional. Global. Held at the Marriott Downtown, Indianapolis.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleDoes Independent Advanced Practice Nursing Scope Influence Excess Pneumonia Readmissionsen
dc.contributor.authorPrado, Laura Ellenen
dc.contributor.authorWright, Phyllisen
dc.contributor.authorCranmer, Johnen
dc.contributor.authorBiscone, Erinen
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Epsilonen
dc.author.detailsLaura Ellen Prado, NP, lsmith@atlantabrainandspine.com; Phyllis Wright, NP; John Cranmer, NP; Erin Biscone, CNMen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/620249-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, September 18, 2016: Background: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) became law in 2010. Two major goals of the legislation were to reduce health care costs and improve quality of care. Hospital readmissions within 30 days of discharge were identified as a significant expense to the federal government that might be reduced by improving quality of care. Purpose: To determine if clinical processes, prevention measures, or advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) practice environment influence excess 30-day excess readmission ratios for community-acquired pneumonia (PN) among patients insured by Medicare. Methods: The relationship between the variables was analyzed by a multiple linear regression. Data included only those 65 and older enrolled in Medicare. The outcome variable was excess PN 30-day readmissions as reported by Center for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS). The predictor variables were analyzed in three clusters?clinical processes, pneumonia primary prevention strategies and APRN practice environment. The clinical processes the Medicare dataset included the proportion of care plans transmitted and proportion of discharge instructions given. Primary prevention variables based on CDC data included the proportion of flu vaccinations and proportion of tobacco use. The APRN practice environment variable from Kaiser Family Foundation data categorized states as having full or restricted practice. � Results: Across the United States, independent APRN scope of practice was associated with a 3.7% reduction in the excess 30-day readmission ratio compared to states with restricted practice (p =.000). In contrast, clinical processes and primary prevention strategies were not associated with decreases in the excess readmission ration (care plan B=0.000, p=0.469; discharge B=0.000, p=0.041; tobacco B=0.000, p=0.885 and flu vaccine B=0.001, p=0.018) Conclusions: Hospitals located in states where APRNs practice independently had a 3.7% lower 30-day readmission ratio for PN compared with hospitals located in states where APRNs have legally-imposed restrictions on their scope of practice. Higher proportions of discharge teaching, care plan transmission, influenza vaccination and lower proportions of tobacco use did not lower the national PN excess 30-day readmission ratio. Implications for nursing education, practice and/or research: In clinical trials, APRN have demonstrated high quality health care. In these national data, independent APRN scope of practice was associated with a statistically significantly lower excess readmission ratio for pneumonia. Consequently, among multiple strategies for reducing 30-day readmissions, we recommend APRNs, consumers, and policy makers work to remove legal barriers to independent APRN practice. This approach is supported by the IOM?s recommendation that nurses practice at the highest level of their education. Future research should be done to identify how scope of practice differences contributes to reductions in 30-day readmissions.en
dc.subjectAdvanced Practice Nursingen
dc.subjectMedicare 30-day re-admissionsen
dc.subjectScope of practiceen
dc.date.available2016-09-16T14:23:05Z-
dc.date.issued2016-09-16-
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-16T14:23:05Z-
dc.conference.date2016en
dc.conference.nameLeadership Connection 2016en
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen
dc.descriptionLeadership Connection 2016 Theme: Personal. Professional. Global. Held at the Marriott Downtown, Indianapolis.en
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