Factors Associated With Intermittent and Light Smoking Among Korean Adolescents

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621417
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Factors Associated With Intermittent and Light Smoking Among Korean Adolescents
Author(s):
Park, In Sook; Ra, Jin Suk
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Lambda Alpha-at-Large
Author Details:
In Sook Park, PhD, RN, Professional Experience: In Sook Park has been professor of Child Health Nursing for 36 years in college of nursing, Chungnam National University, South Korea.She is expert in program development for smoking cessection. Author Summary: So far, In Sook Park has been studying childhood patients who have chronic diseases, and their families. Recently, she researches Nursing Learning Objective, Nurse’s job and National examination for Korean Nurses, and also publishes several theses on Smoking of Korean Adolescent; Jin Suk Ra, PhD, APN, NNP-BC, Professional Experience: 2012-present: Assistant professor of Chungnam National University 2011-2012: Junior researcher of Center for New Health Technology Assessment Jin Suk Ra, PhD is also neonatal nurse practitioner with over 5 years clinical experience in pediatric intensive care unit. Author Summary: Current research area of Dr. Jin Suk Ra is smoking prevention and cessation among children and adolescents. She identifies unique psychosocial factors associated with smoking intention among adolescents. In particular, she focuses on socio cultural characteristics (e.g. social norms regarding smoking) of adolescents smoking according to gender.
Abstract:

Purpose:

Smoking in adolescence is a risk factor of lung cancer and death from cardio-cerebral vascular disease in adulthood; in the short term, it can also be associated with adolescents’ poor psychological heath such as depression or suicidal ideation. However, approximately one quarter of adolescents appear to underestimate the harm caused by smoking. In particular, adolescents who engage in intermittent (i.e., smoking on 1–29 days out of every 30) and light smoking (smoking less than 10 cigarettes per day) were more likely to consider that their smoking behaviors were not harmful to their health. Similarly, intermittent and light smokers were less often advised to quit smoking by health care providers than were heavy smokers, and showed more increased risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory symptoms than non-smokers. Most adolescent smokers, including those in the Republic of Korea, exhibited intermittent and light smoking. Thus, adolescents who are still intermittent and light smokers might be an important target group for school-based smoking cessation programs. To maximize the effect of these programs by tailoring them to their target group, the identification of factors associated with intermittent and light smoking among adolescents would be a first step. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors associated with intermittent and light smoking among Korean adolescents based on biopsychosocial model.

Methods:

In this cross-sectional study, we employed secondary data from the 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey, and used the biopsychosocial model as a framework. The analysis was performed using the data of 31,038 high school students (both non-smokers and current smokers). We defined intermittent and light smoking as smoking for 1–29 days in a 30-day period and smoking less than 10 cigarettes per day. Logistic regression analysis using the complex samples procedure was applied to examine the factors associated with intermittent and light smoking among adolescents.

Results:

 Among all study participants, 11.7% were current smokers; of these current smokers, 42.2% were intermittent and light smokers. The significant factors predicting intermittent and light smoking were male gender (as a biological factor); depressive symptoms and alcohol consumption (as psychological factors); and having siblings and close friends who smoke, observing teachers and other staff smoking in school, academic achievement, and participation in smoking cessation education in school (as sociocultural factors).

Conclusion:

In smoking cessation programs, health care providers in both the school and community should consider the unique biological, psychological, and sociocultural characteristics of intermittent and light smoking behaviors among adolescents.

Keywords:
Adolescents; Smoking; Smoking Cessation
Repository Posting Date:
5-Jun-2017
Date of Publication:
5-Jun-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17PST652
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleFactors Associated With Intermittent and Light Smoking Among Korean Adolescentsen_US
dc.contributor.authorPark, In Sooken
dc.contributor.authorRa, Jin Suken
dc.contributor.departmentLambda Alpha-at-Largeen
dc.author.detailsIn Sook Park, PhD, RN, Professional Experience: In Sook Park has been professor of Child Health Nursing for 36 years in college of nursing, Chungnam National University, South Korea.She is expert in program development for smoking cessection. Author Summary: So far, In Sook Park has been studying childhood patients who have chronic diseases, and their families. Recently, she researches Nursing Learning Objective, Nurse’s job and National examination for Korean Nurses, and also publishes several theses on Smoking of Korean Adolescent; Jin Suk Ra, PhD, APN, NNP-BC, Professional Experience: 2012-present: Assistant professor of Chungnam National University 2011-2012: Junior researcher of Center for New Health Technology Assessment Jin Suk Ra, PhD is also neonatal nurse practitioner with over 5 years clinical experience in pediatric intensive care unit. Author Summary: Current research area of Dr. Jin Suk Ra is smoking prevention and cessation among children and adolescents. She identifies unique psychosocial factors associated with smoking intention among adolescents. In particular, she focuses on socio cultural characteristics (e.g. social norms regarding smoking) of adolescents smoking according to gender.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621417-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose:</strong></p> <p align="left">Smoking in adolescence is a risk factor of lung cancer and death from cardio-cerebral vascular disease in adulthood; in the short term, it can also be associated with adolescents’ poor psychological heath such as depression or suicidal ideation. However, approximately one quarter of adolescents appear to underestimate the harm caused by smoking. In particular, adolescents who engage in intermittent (i.e., smoking on 1–29 days out of every 30) and light smoking (smoking less than 10 cigarettes per day) were more likely to consider that their smoking behaviors were not harmful to their health. Similarly, intermittent and light smokers were less often advised to quit smoking by health care providers than were heavy smokers, and showed more increased risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory symptoms than non-smokers. Most adolescent smokers, including those in the Republic of Korea, exhibited intermittent and light smoking. Thus, adolescents who are still intermittent and light smokers might be an important target group for school-based smoking cessation programs. To maximize the effect of these programs by tailoring them to their target group, the identification of factors associated with intermittent and light smoking among adolescents would be a first step. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors associated with intermittent and light smoking among Korean adolescents based on biopsychosocial model.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong></p> <p align="left"><span lang="EN-US">In this cross-sectional study, we employed secondary data from the 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey, and used the biopsychosocial model as a framework.</span><span lang="EN-US"> The analysis was performed using the data of 31,038 high school students (both non-smokers and current smokers). We defined intermittent and light smoking as smoking for 1–29 days in a 30-day period and smoking less than 10 cigarettes per day. Logistic regression analysis </span><span lang="EN-US">using the complex samples procedure</span><span lang="EN-US"> was applied to examine the factors associated with intermittent and light smoking among adolescents.</span></p> <p><strong>Results:</strong></p> <p> <span lang="EN-US">Among all study participants, 11.7% were current smokers; of these current smokers, 42.2% were intermittent and light smokers. </span><span lang="EN-US">The significant factors predicting intermittent and light smoking were male gender (as a biological factor); depressive symptoms and alcohol consumption (as psychological factors); and having siblings and close friends who smoke, observing teachers and other staff smoking in school, academic achievement, and participation in smoking cessation education in school (as sociocultural factors).</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong></p> <p align="left">In smoking cessation programs, health<strong> </strong>care providers in both the school and community should consider the unique biological, psychological, and sociocultural characteristics of intermittent and light smoking behaviors among adolescents.</p>en
dc.subjectAdolescentsen
dc.subjectSmokingen
dc.subjectSmoking Cessationen
dc.date.available2017-06-05T19:34:44Z-
dc.date.issued2017-06-05-
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-05T19:34:44Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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