Perception and Acceptance of Hospital Meals Among Inpatients in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621517
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Perception and Acceptance of Hospital Meals Among Inpatients in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria
Other Titles:
Enhancing the Inpatient Hospital Experience
Author(s):
Salau, Omowumi Romoke; Faremi, Funmilola Adenike; Ajayi, Adeyinka T.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Chi-at-Large
Author Details:
Omowumi R. Salau, MSc (Nsg), BNSc, RN, RM, RPHN, Professional Experience: Omowumi R. Salau is a Nurse Clinical Instructor at the Department of Nursing Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria. She has served as Nurse Clinical Practitioner for about ten years in the clinical practice setting before moving to the academics. Her research interest is promoting patients health via good nursing care as well as school health focusing on issues relating to promoting the reproductive and sexual health of adolescents through the school nurse involvement. Author Summary: Omowumi R. Salau is a seasoned nurse clinical practitioner.She has participated and presented in Continuing Education Programmes for Clinical Nurses in Nigeria. She has also presented in many departmental seminars as a specialist in school health among scholars and student nurses.Her research interest is promoting patients health via good nursing care as well as school health focusing on issues relating to promoting the reproductive and sexual health of adolescents through the school nurse involvement.
Abstract:

Purpose:

Hospital food and nutrition services play an important role in patient recovery and well-being. It can also influence patients’ satisfaction with their overall hospital experience. Previous studies showed that hospital food services remain to be a widespread problem all over the world. With literature search, there is dearth of studies on patients’ satisfaction with food services in health care facilities in the country, hence the need to assess patients’ perception and acceptance of hospital meals in order to provide insights on areas of focus for the achievement of quality improvement in hospital food and catering services from the perspective of the consumers, thus promoting their health.

Methods:  A descriptive cross-sectional study was adopted for the study. A multistage sampling technique was employed to select 220 adult in-patients across five (5) sections or service areas in the hospital. Children and patients below the age of 18 years were excluded from the study. Also, due to the unstable nature and peculiarity of patients, the Adult and Children Accident and Emergency Units and the Mental Health ward were also excluded from this research study. A self-administered questionnaire pilot tested to ensure validity and reliability (Cronbach Alpha = 0.798) was used to collect data. Data was analyzed using percentages, mean, standard deviation, multiple regression and chi square using SPSS version 20

Results:

There was 70.6% females and 29.4% males in the study with a mean age of 45±15.6. Majority of the patients (90.5%) had spent between 1-15 days on current admission. More than half, (56.2%) were on special diet while 73.1% relied only on hospital food since admission. Overall, 55.7% had good perception of hospital meal, while 8.5% had poor perception. However, only 4% had high-level acceptance of hospital meal while 59.7% had low level-acceptance. No significant relationship was observed between selected socio-demographic factors (age, gender, educational level and average monthly income) and their perception of hospital meals (p = 0.301). However, significant association was found between the types of diet and their level of acceptance of hospital meals (p = 0.005).

Conclusion:

Patients on hospital admission have high expectations of the meals supplied from the hospital kitchen, hence the need for nurses to act as adequate advocates in this matter thus aiding patient quick recovery.

Keywords:
Hospital Meal; In-patients; Perception and Acceptance
Repository Posting Date:
19-Jun-2017
Date of Publication:
19-Jun-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17I05
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titlePerception and Acceptance of Hospital Meals Among Inpatients in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeriaen_US
dc.title.alternativeEnhancing the Inpatient Hospital Experienceen
dc.contributor.authorSalau, Omowumi Romokeen
dc.contributor.authorFaremi, Funmilola Adenikeen
dc.contributor.authorAjayi, Adeyinka T.en
dc.contributor.departmentChi-at-Largeen
dc.author.detailsOmowumi R. Salau, MSc (Nsg), BNSc, RN, RM, RPHN, Professional Experience: Omowumi R. Salau is a Nurse Clinical Instructor at the Department of Nursing Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria. She has served as Nurse Clinical Practitioner for about ten years in the clinical practice setting before moving to the academics. Her research interest is promoting patients health via good nursing care as well as school health focusing on issues relating to promoting the reproductive and sexual health of adolescents through the school nurse involvement. Author Summary: Omowumi R. Salau is a seasoned nurse clinical practitioner.She has participated and presented in Continuing Education Programmes for Clinical Nurses in Nigeria. She has also presented in many departmental seminars as a specialist in school health among scholars and student nurses.Her research interest is promoting patients health via good nursing care as well as school health focusing on issues relating to promoting the reproductive and sexual health of adolescents through the school nurse involvement.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621517-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose:</strong></p> <p>Hospital food and nutrition services play an important role in patient recovery and well-being. It can also influence patients’ satisfaction with their overall hospital experience. Previous studies showed that hospital food services remain to be a widespread problem all over the world. With literature search, there is dearth of studies on patients’ satisfaction with food services in health care facilities in the country, hence the need to assess patients’ perception and acceptance of hospital meals in order to provide insights on areas of focus for the achievement of quality improvement in hospital food and catering services from the perspective of the consumers, thus promoting their health.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong> A descriptive cross-sectional study was adopted for the study. A multistage sampling technique was employed to select 220 adult in-patients across five (5) sections or service areas in the hospital. Children and patients below the age of 18 years were excluded from the study. Also, due to the unstable nature and peculiarity of patients, the Adult and Children Accident and Emergency Units and the Mental Health ward were also excluded from this research study. A self-administered questionnaire pilot tested to ensure validity and reliability (Cronbach Alpha = 0.798) was used to collect data. Data was analyzed using percentages, mean, standard deviation, multiple regression and chi square using SPSS version 20</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong></p> <p>There was 70.6% females and 29.4% males in the study with a mean age of 45±15.6. Majority of the patients (90.5%) had spent between 1-15 days on current admission. More than half, (56.2%) were on special diet while 73.1% relied only on hospital food since admission. Overall, 55.7% had good perception of hospital meal, while 8.5% had poor perception. However, only 4% had high-level acceptance of hospital meal while 59.7% had low level-acceptance. No significant relationship was observed between selected socio-demographic factors (age, gender, educational level and average monthly income) and their perception of hospital meals (p = 0.301). However, significant association was found between the types of diet and their level of acceptance of hospital meals (p = 0.005).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong></p> <p>Patients on hospital admission have high expectations of the meals supplied from the hospital kitchen, hence the need for nurses to act as adequate advocates in this matter thus aiding patient quick recovery.</p>en
dc.subjectHospital Mealen
dc.subjectIn-patientsen
dc.subjectPerception and Acceptanceen
dc.date.available2017-06-19T14:10:30Z-
dc.date.issued2017-06-19-
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-19T14:10:30Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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