Theory-Practice Gap: Perceptions of Nurse Faculty, Nursing Students, and Clinicians in Ghana

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621581
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Theory-Practice Gap: Perceptions of Nurse Faculty, Nursing Students, and Clinicians in Ghana
Other Titles:
Closing the Theory-Practice Gap
Author(s):
Salifu, David Abdulai
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
David Abdulai Salifu, MN Sr., RGN, Professional Experience: Nurse Educator with eleven (11) years clinical and teaching experience. Currently teaching in a Nurses' Training College in Ghana. Currently persuing a Master of Nursing Degree in University of Cape COast Ghana. Author Summary: Mr. Salifu has been practicing in the clinical setting for eight years and a nurse educator for five years. He holds a Master of Nursing degree from University of Cape Coast – Ghana. Mr. Salifu believes nursing research is critical to the advancement of nursing in the clinical and academic setting. His passion for nursing is evident in his selection as Regional Best Nurse, 2008, Upper West Region-Ghana.
Abstract:

PurposeThe overall goal of this research work was to explore the understanding of theory-practice gap from the perspective of nurse faculty and nursing students in University for Development Studies, and clinicians in Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana. Despite several attempts by nurse faculty and clinicians to address the theory-practice gap, it remains a central issue in both nursing education and practice (De Swardt, Du Toit & Botha, 2012). Most of the initiatives to bridge the theory-practice gap have evolved in geographic areas such as the US, UK, and other developed nations. Little research addressing the issues is evident in sub-Saharan Africa (Lugina, 2009). Given the unique context of nursing and healthcare in Ghana and other nations of sub Saharan Africa (SSA), identification of the nature and scope of the theory-practice gap needs to be undertaken. Without this requisite knowledge, effective strategies to address the theory-practice gap may not be developed. Moreover, experiences may be varied due to the differences in pedagogical approaches and health care environments in the more technologically advanced western countries and the resource constrained SSA countries such as Ghana, with regards to the theory-practice gap.

MethodsA descriptive phenomenological methodology was used. Data were collected using focus group discussions. A purposive sampling technique was used in recruiting participants. The sample consisted of 32 participants, comprising 8 nurse faculty, 12 clinicians (6 in each discussion session) and 12 nursing students (6 in each discussion session). The study adopted Colaizzi's descriptive phenomenology data analysis process.

ResultsFive themes were identified: system inadequacies; resource constraints; challenges of the clinical learning environment; clinical placement and supervision; nurse faculty factors.

ConclusionIn Ghana, stakeholders in nursing education and practice are yet realise the realities of the implications of the theory-practice gap and its associated challenges on contemporary nursing education and nursing practice. Based on this evidence of the scope and factors contributing to theory-practice gap in Ghana, further research could be conducted to identify and develop research-based strategies to bridge the gap.

Keywords:
nursing education/practice; perceptions of nurse faculty/clinicians/students; Theory-practice gap
Repository Posting Date:
22-Jun-2017
Date of Publication:
22-Jun-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17I04
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship
Note:
This session was accepted for presentation at the International Nursing Research Congress 2017, but not presented.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleTheory-Practice Gap: Perceptions of Nurse Faculty, Nursing Students, and Clinicians in Ghanaen_US
dc.title.alternativeClosing the Theory-Practice Gapen
dc.contributor.authorSalifu, David Abdulaien
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsDavid Abdulai Salifu, MN Sr., RGN, Professional Experience: Nurse Educator with eleven (11) years clinical and teaching experience. Currently teaching in a Nurses' Training College in Ghana. Currently persuing a Master of Nursing Degree in University of Cape COast Ghana. Author Summary: Mr. Salifu has been practicing in the clinical setting for eight years and a nurse educator for five years. He holds a Master of Nursing degree from University of Cape Coast – Ghana. Mr. Salifu believes nursing research is critical to the advancement of nursing in the clinical and academic setting. His passion for nursing is evident in his selection as Regional Best Nurse, 2008, Upper West Region-Ghana.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621581-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong><strong>Purpose</strong>: </strong><span>The overall goal of this research work was to explore the understanding of theory-practice gap from the perspective of nurse faculty and nursing students in University for Development Studies, and clinicians in Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana. Despite several attempts by nurse faculty and clinicians to address the theory-practice gap, it remains a central issue in both nursing education and practice (De Swardt, Du Toit & Botha, 2012). Most of the initiatives to bridge the theory-practice gap have evolved in geographic areas such as the US, UK, and other developed nations. Little research addressing the issues is evident in sub-Saharan Africa (Lugina, 2009). Given the unique context of nursing and healthcare in Ghana and other nations of sub Saharan Africa (SSA), identification of the nature and scope of the theory-practice gap needs to be undertaken. Without this requisite knowledge, effective strategies to address the theory-practice gap may not be developed. Moreover, experiences may be varied due to the differences in pedagogical approaches and health care environments in the more technologically advanced western countries and the resource constrained SSA countries such as Ghana, with regards to the theory-practice gap.</span></p> <p><strong><strong>Methods</strong>: </strong>A descriptive phenomenological methodology was used. Data were collected using focus group discussions. A purposive sampling technique was used in recruiting participants. The sample consisted of 32 participants, comprising 8 nurse faculty, 12 clinicians (6 in each discussion session) and 12 nursing students (6 in each discussion session). The study adopted Colaizzi's descriptive phenomenology data analysis process.</p> <p><strong><strong>Results</strong>: </strong>Five themes were identified: system inadequacies; resource constraints; challenges of the clinical learning environment; clinical placement and supervision; nurse faculty factors.</p> <p><strong><strong>Conclusion</strong>: </strong>In Ghana, stakeholders in nursing education and practice are yet realise the realities of the implications of the theory-practice gap and its associated challenges on contemporary nursing education and nursing practice. Based on this evidence of the scope and factors contributing to theory-practice gap in Ghana, further research could be conducted to identify and develop research-based strategies to bridge the gap.</p>en
dc.subjectnursing education/practiceen
dc.subjectperceptions of nurse faculty/clinicians/studentsen
dc.subjectTheory-practice gapen
dc.date.available2017-06-22T16:45:48Z-
dc.date.issued2017-06-22-
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-22T16:45:48Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
dc.description.noteThis session was accepted for presentation at the International Nursing Research Congress 2017, but not presented.-
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