Multinational Research Collaboratives, Interaction Costs, and Time to Productivity: An Empirical Model to Support Success

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621616
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Multinational Research Collaboratives, Interaction Costs, and Time to Productivity: An Empirical Model to Support Success
Other Titles:
International Research Collaborations
Author(s):
Rambur, Betty A.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Kappa Tau
Author Details:
Betty A. Rambur, PhD, RN, FAAN, Professional Experience: 2016-present: Routhier Endowed Chair for Practice, University of Rhode Island 2000-2016, Professor of Nursing and Health Policy, University of Vermont 2013-present, Member, Green Mountain Care Board (regulates all health care in state) 2000-2009, Dean, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Vermont Author Summary: Betty Rambur, PhD RN is the Routher Endowed Chair for Practice and Professor of Nursing at the University of Rhode Island, Kingston RI, USA. She is a former academic dean, award winning teacher, and accomplished nurse scientist who has authored/coauthored roughly 50 peer reviewed publications and one textbook. Her research focuses on health policy, health services, the health workforce, and leadership.
Abstract:

Purpose:

To illuminate promising practices in multinational research collaboratives that may guide research initiatives that range from interprofessional, to multi-site, to international.

Research to effectively address complex global problems may require the composition of equally complex, diverse, multidisciplinary research teams. Indeed, collaboration among professions, disciplines, institutions, and nations may offer a means to address society’s most vexing problems. Although intuitively attractive, collaboration also creates intricate interplays of personal and scientific values, norms and expectations. This research was undertaken to better understand promising practices in the potentially most complicated research collaboratives, those that span nations.

Methods:

Because individuals in different regions of the globe may experience the same constructs in unique ways, a qualitative, inductive exploration of the perspective of those leading or managing research collaboratives that span nations was undertaken. A snowball sample of 15 cases drawn from research-intensive institutions in four continents served as exemplars for further exploration. Open-ended exploratory interviews were done to elicit narrative data. A grounded theory, constant comparative methodology was used for data analysis.

Results:

Five distinct domains of collaboratives emerged, along an axis of progressive complexity at the operational interface, each with increasing time to research productivity. Identified domains were: parallel facility sharing; data sharing; bridging peers; differing scientific languages and academic cultures; and human subjects or politically/culturally sensitive themes. Each of these domains reflected increasing interaction costs that imped productivity, with productivity slowed not by the complexity of the research per se, but the complexity of the interface between individuals and organizations. Notability, in the last two domains, differences were often not fully understood until research was well underway, thus creating compounding complexity and challenges. Thus, on further analysis, these five domains could also be further categorized in a simplified dichotomy of “deceptive differences” and “deceptive similarities.” In the former, collaboratives were among institutions in which there appeared to be great differences due to geography or other factors, but initiatives were framed within similar scientific cultures and expectations. Distinguishing characteristics were comparatively little risk to the individual scientist, with risk held at the institutional level. Funds were an effective catalyst to spur productivity, and an administrative champion was essential. In contrast, collaboratives characterized by “deceptive similarities” were more unstable and reliant on individual connections, with resulting risk to the individual researchers. Funds were not a reliability effective catalyst and an administrative champion typically had little influence.

Conclusion:

Such interaction costs may contribute to Hsiehchen, Espinoza, and Hsieh, (2015) findings that the growth of multinational clinical trials has remained “stagnant” in the last two decades. Implications for research collaboratives that range from those with teams within a single discipline to multinational efforts are detailed, with an emphasis on necessary supports for broad collaboratives spanning nations and diverse perspectives. Issues for consideration in proposal development inclusive of essential activities before the perceived beginning of the research are detailed.

Keywords:
Methodological Issues in Global Research; Multi-site Research; Multinational Research Collaboratives
Repository Posting Date:
29-Jun-2017
Date of Publication:
29-Jun-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17Q09
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleMultinational Research Collaboratives, Interaction Costs, and Time to Productivity: An Empirical Model to Support Successen_US
dc.title.alternativeInternational Research Collaborationsen
dc.contributor.authorRambur, Betty A.en
dc.contributor.departmentKappa Tauen
dc.author.detailsBetty A. Rambur, PhD, RN, FAAN, Professional Experience: 2016-present: Routhier Endowed Chair for Practice, University of Rhode Island 2000-2016, Professor of Nursing and Health Policy, University of Vermont 2013-present, Member, Green Mountain Care Board (regulates all health care in state) 2000-2009, Dean, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Vermont Author Summary: Betty Rambur, PhD RN is the Routher Endowed Chair for Practice and Professor of Nursing at the University of Rhode Island, Kingston RI, USA. She is a former academic dean, award winning teacher, and accomplished nurse scientist who has authored/coauthored roughly 50 peer reviewed publications and one textbook. Her research focuses on health policy, health services, the health workforce, and leadership.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621616-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose:</strong></p> <p>To illuminate promising practices in multinational research collaboratives that may guide research initiatives that range from interprofessional, to multi-site, to international.</p> <p>Research to effectively address complex global problems may require the composition of equally complex, diverse, multidisciplinary research teams. Indeed, collaboration among professions, disciplines, institutions, and nations may offer a means to address society’s most vexing problems. Although intuitively attractive, collaboration also creates intricate interplays of personal and scientific values, norms and expectations. This research was undertaken to better understand promising practices in the potentially most complicated research collaboratives, those that span nations.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong></p> <p>Because individuals in different regions of the globe may experience the same constructs in unique ways, a qualitative, inductive exploration of the perspective of those leading or managing research collaboratives that span nations was undertaken. A snowball sample of 15 cases drawn from research-intensive institutions in four continents served as exemplars for further exploration. Open-ended exploratory interviews were done to elicit narrative data. A grounded theory, constant comparative methodology was used for data analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong></p> <p>Five distinct domains of collaboratives emerged, along an axis of progressive complexity at the operational interface, each with increasing time to research productivity. Identified domains were: parallel facility sharing; data sharing; bridging peers; differing scientific languages and academic cultures; and human subjects or politically/culturally sensitive themes. Each of these domains reflected increasing interaction costs that imped productivity, with productivity slowed not by the complexity of the research per se, but the complexity of the interface between individuals and organizations. Notability, in the last two domains, differences were often not fully understood until research was well underway, thus creating compounding complexity and challenges. Thus, on further analysis, these five domains could also be further categorized in a simplified dichotomy of “deceptive differences” and “deceptive similarities.” In the former, collaboratives were among institutions in which there appeared to be great differences due to geography or other factors, but initiatives were framed within similar scientific cultures and expectations. Distinguishing characteristics were comparatively little risk to the individual scientist, with risk held at the institutional level. Funds were an effective catalyst to spur productivity, and an administrative champion was essential. In contrast, collaboratives characterized by “deceptive similarities” were more unstable and reliant on individual connections, with resulting risk to the individual researchers. Funds were not a reliability effective catalyst and an administrative champion typically had little influence.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong></p> <p>Such interaction costs may contribute to Hsiehchen, Espinoza, and Hsieh, (2015) findings that the growth of multinational clinical trials has remained “stagnant” in the last two decades. Implications for research collaboratives that range from those with teams within a single discipline to multinational efforts are detailed, with an emphasis on necessary supports for broad collaboratives spanning nations and diverse perspectives. Issues for consideration in proposal development inclusive of essential activities before the perceived beginning of the research are detailed.</p>en
dc.subjectMethodological Issues in Global Researchen
dc.subjectMulti-site Researchen
dc.subjectMultinational Research Collaborativesen
dc.date.available2017-06-29T20:44:37Z-
dc.date.issued2017-06-29-
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-29T20:44:37Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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