Anxiety-Reducing Efficacy of Inhaled Essential Oils: A Case Study and Literature Review

22.00
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621645
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Anxiety-Reducing Efficacy of Inhaled Essential Oils: A Case Study and Literature Review
Other Titles:
Alternative Health Promotion
Author(s):
Langley-Brady, Dawn L.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta Omicron
Author Details:
Dawn L. Langley-Brady, MSN, RN, AHN-BC, CHPN, CCAP, Professional Experience: 2012-present-- Nursing Faculty, Augusta University College of Nursing, Augusta, GA 2012-present-- Owner/Independent Practitioner, Aromatherapeutic Solutions, Martinez, GA 2012-present-- Founder/Leader, Central Savannah River Area Chapter of the American Holistic Nurses Association, Augusta, GA 2012-present-- PRN Nurse Case Manger, Saint Joseph Hospice, Augusta, GA 2006-2011-- Nurse Case Manger and Hospital Liaison, Alliance Hospice, Augusta, GA 2001-2005-- Pediatric and Adult Nurse, Favorite Nurses, Indianapolis, IN 1996-2000-- Pediatric and Adult Float Pool Nurse, Medical College of Georgia Hospital, Augusta, GA 1989-1996-- Pediatric Nurse, Children's Medical Center, Augusta, GA 1984-1996-- E-5/MK2, US Coast Guard Reserves, Base/Station/Marine Safety Office Charleston, Charleston, SC Author Summary: Dawn Langley-Brady is a nurse of 27 years. She is also a Board Certified Advanced Holistic Nurse, Certified Hospice and Palliative Nurse, and Certified Clinical Aromatherapy Practitioner. She holds a Master’s of Science in Nursing Degree and is a fourth year Nursing PhD student at Augusta University where she is also a full-time instructor in the College of Nursing.
Abstract:

Purpose:

Anxiety disorders impact approximately 40 million adults, are the most prevalent mental health-related diagnosis, and cost the United States healthcare system over 42 billion dollars annually. Additionally, anxiety can mimic many other health problems (e.g., shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea and vomiting), thus adding to the burden on patients and healthcare systems. Current anxiety treatment consists of pharmacotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and some complementary therapies, but not aromatherapy. Pharmacological approaches to reduce anxiety primarily include the administration of benzodiazepines, but may also include SSRIs, and beta-blockers. These pharmacological approaches come with a myriad of potential side effects including dry mouth, confusion, constipation, fatigue, headaches, nausea, weight gain, and sexual dysfunction. Aromatherapy is understood as aroma from essential oils eliciting psychological or physiological responses via the limbic system in the brain. The following essential oils were reviewed: Angelica archangelica (Angelica Root), Citrus x aurantium (Bergamot), Elettaria cardamomum (Cardamom), Lavandula angustifolia (Lavender), Citrus aurantium (Petitgrain), and Origanum marjorana (Sweet Marjoram). The purpose of this project was to present a clinical aromatherapy case study and review the literature as a foundation for future research investigating the effectiveness of clinical aromatherapy in reducing adult anxiety instead of or in addition to standard treatment.

Methods:

The adult anxiety case study was conducted over a three week period, following guidelines of the National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy, by a registered nurse and certified clinical aromatherapy practitioner. CINAHL, Medline (via Ovid and PubMed), ProQuest, and TRIP databases were searched for peer-reviewed journal articles in English with the following keywords: angelica, bergamot, cardamom, generalized anxiety disorder, lavender, marjoram, and petigrain. Results were further filtered by inhalation, and human studies. No publication date limitations were used.

Results:

The case study demonstrated efficacy of the aromatherapy blend in reducing generalized anxiety with nausea and vomiting after both the initial, and each subsequent use. The literature review found significant evidence-based knowledge of the use of lavender essential oil for reduction in generalized anxiety via oral administration and inhalation. One animal study was found that demonstrated bergamot essential oil efficacy compared to diazepam in a rat model. No information was found regarding the use of angelica, cardamom, marjoram, or petigrain for anxiety, despite their use in clinical aromatherapy. No studies were found assessing the effect of these essential oils' chemical constituents for anxiety either.

Conclusion:

The anxiety-reducing efficacy of essential oils in humans has yet to be explored beyond clinical aromatherapy case studies with the exception of lavender which recently completed clinical trials and is now available as an over-the-counter product. Aromatherapy has the potential to reduce generalized anxiety without the adverse effects of prescription medications. Other essential oils may also reduce generalized anxiety, but warrant further research.

Keywords:
Anxiety; Aromatherapy; Treatment
Repository Posting Date:
3-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
3-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17C06
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleAnxiety-Reducing Efficacy of Inhaled Essential Oils: A Case Study and Literature Reviewen_US
dc.title.alternativeAlternative Health Promotionen
dc.contributor.authorLangley-Brady, Dawn L.en
dc.contributor.departmentBeta Omicronen
dc.author.detailsDawn L. Langley-Brady, MSN, RN, AHN-BC, CHPN, CCAP, Professional Experience: 2012-present-- Nursing Faculty, Augusta University College of Nursing, Augusta, GA 2012-present-- Owner/Independent Practitioner, Aromatherapeutic Solutions, Martinez, GA 2012-present-- Founder/Leader, Central Savannah River Area Chapter of the American Holistic Nurses Association, Augusta, GA 2012-present-- PRN Nurse Case Manger, Saint Joseph Hospice, Augusta, GA 2006-2011-- Nurse Case Manger and Hospital Liaison, Alliance Hospice, Augusta, GA 2001-2005-- Pediatric and Adult Nurse, Favorite Nurses, Indianapolis, IN 1996-2000-- Pediatric and Adult Float Pool Nurse, Medical College of Georgia Hospital, Augusta, GA 1989-1996-- Pediatric Nurse, Children's Medical Center, Augusta, GA 1984-1996-- E-5/MK2, US Coast Guard Reserves, Base/Station/Marine Safety Office Charleston, Charleston, SC Author Summary: Dawn Langley-Brady is a nurse of 27 years. She is also a Board Certified Advanced Holistic Nurse, Certified Hospice and Palliative Nurse, and Certified Clinical Aromatherapy Practitioner. She holds a Master’s of Science in Nursing Degree and is a fourth year Nursing PhD student at Augusta University where she is also a full-time instructor in the College of Nursing.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621645-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose:</strong></p> <p>Anxiety disorders impact approximately 40 million adults, are the most prevalent mental health-related diagnosis, and cost the United States healthcare system over 42 billion dollars annually. Additionally, anxiety can mimic many other health problems (e.g., shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea and vomiting), thus adding to the burden on patients and healthcare systems. Current anxiety treatment consists of pharmacotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and some complementary therapies, but not aromatherapy. Pharmacological approaches to reduce anxiety primarily include the administration of benzodiazepines, but may also include SSRIs, and beta-blockers. These pharmacological approaches come with a myriad of potential side effects including dry mouth, confusion, constipation, fatigue, headaches, nausea, weight gain, and sexual dysfunction. Aromatherapy is understood as aroma from essential oils eliciting psychological or physiological responses via the limbic system in the brain. The following essential oils were reviewed: <em>Angelica archangelica</em> (Angelica Root), <em>Citrus x aurantium</em> (Bergamot), <em>Elettaria cardamomum</em> (Cardamom), <em>Lavandula angustifolia</em> (Lavender), <em>Citrus aurantium</em> (Petitgrain), and <em>Origanum marjorana</em> (Sweet Marjoram). The purpose of this project was to present a clinical aromatherapy case study and review the literature as a foundation for future research investigating the effectiveness of clinical aromatherapy in reducing adult anxiety instead of or in addition to standard treatment.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong></p> <p>The adult anxiety case study was conducted over a three week period, following guidelines of the National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy, by a registered nurse and certified clinical aromatherapy practitioner. CINAHL, Medline (via Ovid and PubMed), ProQuest, and TRIP databases were searched for peer-reviewed journal articles in English with the following keywords: angelica, bergamot, cardamom, generalized anxiety disorder, lavender, marjoram, and petigrain. <strong>Results </strong>were further filtered by inhalation, and human studies. No publication date limitations were used.</p> <p>Results:</p> <p>The case study demonstrated efficacy of the aromatherapy blend in reducing generalized anxiety with nausea and vomiting after both the initial, and each subsequent use. The literature review found significant evidence-based knowledge of the use of lavender essential oil for reduction in generalized anxiety via oral administration and inhalation. One animal study was found that demonstrated bergamot essential oil efficacy compared to diazepam in a rat model. No information was found regarding the use of angelica, cardamom, marjoram, or petigrain for anxiety, despite their use in clinical aromatherapy. No studies were found assessing the effect of these essential oils' chemical constituents for anxiety either.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong></p> <p>The anxiety-reducing efficacy of essential oils in humans has yet to be explored beyond clinical aromatherapy case studies with the exception of lavender which recently completed clinical trials and is now available as an over-the-counter product. Aromatherapy has the potential to reduce generalized anxiety without the adverse effects of prescription medications. Other essential oils may also reduce generalized anxiety, but warrant further research.</p>en
dc.subjectAnxietyen
dc.subjectAromatherapyen
dc.subjectTreatmenten
dc.date.available2017-07-03T18:20:26Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-03-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-03T18:20:26Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.