Sex Education in the Mosque: An Abstinence-Based Approach to Prevent HIV, STDs, and Pregnancy

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621683
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Sex Education in the Mosque: An Abstinence-Based Approach to Prevent HIV, STDs, and Pregnancy
Other Titles:
Culturally Diverse HIV Health Education
Author(s):
Razzaq, Shaakira Lateefa Abdul; Willard, Suzanne; Arthur, Prudence; Patel, Radhika
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Mu Theta-at-Large
Author Details:
Shaakira Lateefa Abdul Razzaq, DNP, RN, Professional Experience: Making a Difference Curriculum Facilitator - August 2016 Specially trained and educated by Loretta S. Jemmott’s training team Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: Member - October 2015- Mentored and trained by organizational leaders about HIV and STD prevention in preparation for Sex Education Project STTI Mu Theta-at-Large Chapter: Vice President -May 2014- PRESENT- Awarded $1500 for Sex Education project Author Summary: Dr. Shaakira Abdul Razzaq recently graduated from Rutgers University located in New Jersey, USA with a Doctor of Nursing Practice degree with sub-specialty in HIV. For her DNP Project she implemented an empowering sex education program designed uniquely for Muslim youth. She will elaborate on her clinical findings to best prepare nurses and other healthcare professionals to maintain the sexual safety of Muslim youth while upholding their religious principles and cultural values.
Abstract:

Purpose:

Premarital sex among adolescents is very common in today's society throughout the globe. Adolescents often lack the maturity and mental capacity to navigate through the potential physical, psychological, and emotional consequences of sex. In order to reduce teenage pregnancy rates and the spread of sexually transmitted disease, it is important to focus on adolescent sexual education. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that “about 1 in 4 (26%) of all new HIV infections occur among American youth ages 13 to 24 years” (CDC, 2013, p 1). There is unique and particular need for education in the adolescent Muslim community that is reflective of their faith.

Islamic teachings are heavily focused on the virtue of chastity and there are many in this community that consider even the word sex to be “dirty.” Despite the stigma and taboo nature of sex, two thirds of Muslim youth residing in the US and Canada reported having sex before marriage. In the developing nation of Malaysia, a strong Islamic country, 75.2% out of 238 female Muslims aged 16 to 18 reported premarital sex (Ghani, Abdullah, Akil, & Nordin, 2014). Prior research attributes such sexual behaviors to Muslim youth having weakened Islamic identities related to current societal norms conflicting with Islamic beliefs and ongoing criticism against the Islamic religion (Ghani et al, 2014).

Muslim youth also reported that their greatest source of sexual education is from the media which is often unreliable. Muslim youth lack effective sexual education that coincides with their religious beliefs and thus are unaware of the risks of unintended pregnancy and STDs. (Ghani, Abdullah, Akil, & Nordin, 2014). This project aimed to understand the link between Islamic religiosity and sexual behavior.

Methods:

The research project was adapted from Dr. Loretta S. Jemmott’s evidenced based curriculum titled Making a Difference which utilizes social and behavior theories to educate participants about their sexuality, STDs, and HIV, while instilling high self-esteem and confidence in them to abstain from sex before marriage (Jemmott, Jemmott III, & Fong, 1998). The curriculum was adapted with input from Islamic scholars to incorporate Islamic beliefs to reinforce the importance of having a strong Islamic identity in order to further strengthen Muslim adolescents’ sense of confidence allowing them to delay sex until marriage.

Twenty five single, female Muslim adolescents between the ages of 13-19 years old participated in this project. This teaching based intervention was held in a mosque located in Northern New Jersey, USA.

Initial support for this work was minimal from elders in the Muslim community, however the Islamic leaders, scholars, and adolescents strongly supported it and the overall community followed this lead.

Results:

The results demonstrated an increase in mean scores on the “HIV/STD/Pregnancy knowledge items” which proved the project enhanced participant knowledge of such topics. There was also an increase in positive attitudes and intentions to abstain from sex before marriage in the posttests. Overall, there was an increase in subjects who did not have sex within three months post intervention which provides further proof of its effectiveness.

Conclusion:

The authors were unable to find any evidence based curriculum that addressed sexual education in the Muslim community. This project has laid the groundwork for tailoring an effective curriculum that can address the unique needs of this population. Nurses and other health care professionals must be prepared to acknowledge diverse religious teachings and their impact on sexual health education. This is most important in the maintenance of the safety of Muslim youth while upholding their religious principles and cultural values.

Keywords:
HIV/STD; Muslim Youth; Sex Education
Repository Posting Date:
6-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
6-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17H10
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleSex Education in the Mosque: An Abstinence-Based Approach to Prevent HIV, STDs, and Pregnancyen_US
dc.title.alternativeCulturally Diverse HIV Health Educationen
dc.contributor.authorRazzaq, Shaakira Lateefa Abdulen
dc.contributor.authorWillard, Suzanneen
dc.contributor.authorArthur, Prudenceen
dc.contributor.authorPatel, Radhikaen
dc.contributor.departmentMu Theta-at-Largeen
dc.author.detailsShaakira Lateefa Abdul Razzaq, DNP, RN, Professional Experience: Making a Difference Curriculum Facilitator - August 2016 Specially trained and educated by Loretta S. Jemmott’s training team Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: Member - October 2015- Mentored and trained by organizational leaders about HIV and STD prevention in preparation for Sex Education Project STTI Mu Theta-at-Large Chapter: Vice President -May 2014- PRESENT- Awarded $1500 for Sex Education project Author Summary: Dr. Shaakira Abdul Razzaq recently graduated from Rutgers University located in New Jersey, USA with a Doctor of Nursing Practice degree with sub-specialty in HIV. For her DNP Project she implemented an empowering sex education program designed uniquely for Muslim youth. She will elaborate on her clinical findings to best prepare nurses and other healthcare professionals to maintain the sexual safety of Muslim youth while upholding their religious principles and cultural values.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621683-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose:</strong></p> <p>Premarital sex among adolescents is very common in today's society throughout the globe. Adolescents often lack the maturity and mental capacity to navigate through the potential physical, psychological, and emotional consequences of sex. In order to reduce teenage pregnancy rates and the spread of sexually transmitted disease, it is important to focus on adolescent sexual education. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that “about 1 in 4 (26%) of all new HIV infections occur among American youth ages 13 to 24 years” (CDC, 2013, p 1). There is unique and particular need for education in the adolescent Muslim community that is reflective of their faith.</p> <p>Islamic teachings are heavily focused on the virtue of chastity and there are many in this community that consider even the word sex to be “dirty.” Despite the stigma and taboo nature of sex, two thirds of Muslim youth residing in the US and Canada reported having sex before marriage. In the developing nation of Malaysia, a strong Islamic country, 75.2% out of 238 female Muslims aged 16 to 18 reported premarital sex (Ghani, Abdullah, Akil, & Nordin, 2014). Prior research attributes such sexual behaviors to Muslim youth having weakened Islamic identities related to current societal norms conflicting with Islamic beliefs and ongoing criticism against the Islamic religion (Ghani et al, 2014).</p> <p>Muslim youth also reported that their greatest source of sexual education is from the media which is often unreliable. Muslim youth lack effective sexual education that coincides with their religious beliefs and thus are unaware of the risks of unintended pregnancy and STDs. (Ghani, Abdullah, Akil, & Nordin, 2014). This project aimed to understand the link between Islamic religiosity and sexual behavior.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong></p> <p>The research project was adapted from Dr. Loretta S. Jemmott’s evidenced based curriculum titled <em>Making a Difference</em> which utilizes social and behavior theories to educate participants about their sexuality, STDs, and HIV, while instilling high self-esteem and confidence in them to abstain from sex before marriage (Jemmott, Jemmott III, & Fong, 1998). The curriculum was adapted with input from Islamic scholars to incorporate Islamic beliefs to reinforce the importance of having a strong Islamic identity in order to further strengthen Muslim adolescents’ sense of confidence allowing them to delay sex until marriage.</p> <p>Twenty five single, female Muslim adolescents between the ages of 13-19 years old participated in this project. This teaching based intervention was held in a mosque located in Northern New Jersey, USA.</p> <p>Initial support for this work was minimal from elders in the Muslim community, however the Islamic leaders, scholars, and adolescents strongly supported it and the overall community followed this lead.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong></p> <p>The results demonstrated an increase in mean scores on the “HIV/STD/Pregnancy knowledge items” which proved the project enhanced participant knowledge of such topics. There was also an increase in positive attitudes and intentions to abstain from sex before marriage in the posttests. Overall, there was an increase in subjects who did not have sex within three months post intervention which provides further proof of its effectiveness.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong></p> <p>The authors were unable to find any evidence based curriculum that addressed sexual education in the Muslim community. This project has laid the groundwork for tailoring an effective curriculum that can address the unique needs of this population. Nurses and other health care professionals must be prepared to acknowledge diverse religious teachings and their impact on sexual health education. This is most important in the maintenance of the safety of Muslim youth while upholding their religious principles and cultural values.</p>en
dc.subjectHIV/STDen
dc.subjectMuslim Youthen
dc.subjectSex Educationen
dc.date.available2017-07-06T15:25:51Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-06-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-06T15:25:51Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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