2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621715
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Psychosocial Predictors of Emotional Eating in Lebanese Young Males
Author(s):
Doumit, Rita
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Chi Iota
Author Details:
Rita Doumit, PhD, MPH, BSN, RN, Professional Experience: Dr. Rita Doumit holds a PhD in Nursing Sciences from Loyola University Chicago. she has been conducting research in the area of health promotion in adolescents since 2012. Author Summary: Dr.Doumit holds an MPH from the American University of Beirut and a PhD in Nursing from Loyola University Chicago. She joined LAU as a full-time assistant professor of Nursing in 2012. Her doctoral thesis explored the relationships of stress, uncertainty, resilience, religiosity, socioeconomic status, social support to coping and well-being in Lebanese newly admitted college students. She has strong research interests in the areas of health promotion, healthy behaviors and well-being in adolescents.
Abstract:

Purpose:  It was previously believed that DE primarily affects women and the vast majority of DE research focused on females. However, recent studies have suggested that DE symptomatology (emotional, restrained and emotional eating) may be underestimated in the male population. Indeed, over the last decade, it was revealed that a substantial number of men suffer from DE and ED (Eating Disorders) (Striegel et al., 2012; Strother et al., 2012), and that up to 25% of all individuals with ED are males (Hudson et al., 2007). Moreover, a recent review paper revealed that 42-45% of individuals engaging in binge eating were males; as were 28-100% of individuals who regularly purged. Laxative abuse among genders was nearly even, and fasting for weight loss was endorsed by nearly 40% of the males (Mond, Mitchison & Hay, 2014). This is the first study to investigate psychosocial predictors of DE in a sample of Middle-Eastern males, thus findings will provide prevalence data about DE behaviors in this context. The present study examined depression as a potential mediator of the relationships between body image dissatisfaction, strategies to change muscle and weight, media pressure, and DE in male young adults. Based on findings from the literature, it was hypothesized that: BID will be indirectly associated with DE through depression (Hypothesis 1); Strategies to change muscle and weight will be indirectly associated with DE through depression. (Hypothesis 2); Media influence (MI) will be indirectly associated with depression and DE (Hypothesis 3).

Methods:  This is a cross-sectional design study. After obtaining the ethical approval of the university IRB, which is constituted in accordance with the US Code of Federal Regulation (45CFR 46.107, 21CFR 56.107), and Good Clinical Practice ICH (Section 3), a convenient sample of 260 male undergraduates aged between 17 and 33 was asked to participate voluntarily in the study and completed a self-reported questionnaire. Confidentiality and anonymity were ensured. Data was collected during class time and testing sessions lasted around 35 minutes. Each student received a survey pack with an informed consent.

Results:  Path analyses indicated that media pressure and strategies to decrease body weight had direct positive effects on depression (β = .85 and .18, respectively), which in turn predicted emotional eating. Media pressure had a direct positive effect on emotional eating (β = .57), whereas strategies to decrease body weight did not exhibit a direct effect on emotional eating (β = - .16 with 95% CI - .47 - .15). The link between media pressure, strategies to decrease body weight and emotional eating was partially mediated by depression. The full model provided an acceptable fit to the data: CFI = .99, TLI = .99 and RMSEA = .01 with PCLOSE of .45.

Conclusion:  To our knowledge, the present study is the first to explore the psychosocial predictors of DE in a sample of Middle-Eastern males and to explore the mediating effect of depression on DE.  Our results will assist in the development of prevention and intervention programs targeting the roots of DE, and ultimately eating disorders. Specifically, nurses could assess psychopathology indicators, and in particular depressive symptoms in males, once they detect that strategies to lose weight are being applied, as a preventive measure against distorted eating. Clinically, it is important to pay attention to behaviors among males that aim at becoming thinner through a change of eating patterns, food choice, and exercise. Such behaviors are indicative of worry and concern about losing weight, which can lead to negative feelings (especially if the behaviors are ineffective, or the individual has the intention but is unable to consistently apply those strategies to decrease weight), Those feelings can, in turn, result in emotional eating, which is ultimately a risk factor for eating disorders (Fairburn, Cooper, Doll, & Davies, 2005). In addition, findings from this study bring attention to the impact of media and importance of restructuring the perceptions of an “ideal” male figure that directly impacts males’ emotional functioning, which reflects in emotional eating patterns. These findings have special relevance for the Lebanese context. The region is in need of centralized efforts towards providing holistic health care to males at risk of developing DE habits. A multidisciplinary approach is needed, whereby psychologists, public health and nursing professionals, as well as nutritionists can join efforts to detect, assess, and treat DE behaviors.

Keywords:
depression; disordered eating; young male
Repository Posting Date:
7-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
7-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17PST592
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titlePsychosocial Predictors of Emotional Eating in Lebanese Young Malesen_US
dc.contributor.authorDoumit, Ritaen
dc.contributor.departmentChi Iotaen
dc.author.detailsRita Doumit, PhD, MPH, BSN, RN, Professional Experience: Dr. Rita Doumit holds a PhD in Nursing Sciences from Loyola University Chicago. she has been conducting research in the area of health promotion in adolescents since 2012. Author Summary: Dr.Doumit holds an MPH from the American University of Beirut and a PhD in Nursing from Loyola University Chicago. She joined LAU as a full-time assistant professor of Nursing in 2012. Her doctoral thesis explored the relationships of stress, uncertainty, resilience, religiosity, socioeconomic status, social support to coping and well-being in Lebanese newly admitted college students. She has strong research interests in the areas of health promotion, healthy behaviors and well-being in adolescents.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621715-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose: </strong><span> It was previously believed that DE primarily affects women and the vast majority of DE research focused on females. However, recent studies have suggested that DE symptomatology (emotional, restrained and emotional eating) may be underestimated in the male population. Indeed, over the last decade, it was revealed that a substantial number of men suffer from DE and ED (Eating Disorders) (Striegel et al., 2012; Strother et al., 2012), and that up to 25% of all individuals with ED are males (Hudson et al., 2007). Moreover, a recent review paper revealed that 42-45% of individuals engaging in binge eating were males; as were 28-100% of individuals who regularly purged. Laxative abuse among genders was nearly even, and fasting for weight loss was endorsed by nearly 40% of the males (Mond, Mitchison & Hay, 2014). This is the first study to investigate psychosocial predictors of DE in a sample of Middle-Eastern males, thus findings will provide prevalence data about DE behaviors in this context. The present study examined depression as a potential mediator of the relationships between body image dissatisfaction, strategies to change muscle and weight, media pressure, and DE in male young adults. Based on findings from the literature, it was hypothesized that: BID will be indirectly associated with DE through depression (Hypothesis 1); Strategies to change muscle and weight will be indirectly associated with DE through depression. (Hypothesis 2); Media influence (MI) will be indirectly associated with depression and DE (Hypothesis 3).</span></p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong> This is a cross-sectional design study. After obtaining the ethical approval of the university IRB, which is constituted in accordance with the US Code of Federal Regulation (45CFR 46.107, 21CFR 56.107), and Good Clinical Practice ICH (Section 3), a convenient sample of 260 male undergraduates aged between 17 and 33 was asked to participate voluntarily in the study and completed a self-reported questionnaire. Confidentiality and anonymity were ensured. Data was collected during class time and testing sessions lasted around 35 minutes. Each student received a survey pack with an informed consent.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong> Path analyses indicated that media pressure and strategies to decrease body weight had direct positive effects on depression (<em>β</em> = .85 and .18, respectively), which in turn predicted emotional eating. Media pressure had a direct positive effect on emotional eating (<em>β</em> = .57), whereas strategies to decrease body weight did not exhibit a direct effect on emotional eating (<em>β</em> = - .16 with 95% CI - .47 - .15). The link between media pressure, strategies to decrease body weight and emotional eating was partially mediated by depression. The full model provided an acceptable fit to the data: CFI = .99, TLI = .99 and RMSEA = .01 with PCLOSE of .45.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong> To our knowledge, the present study is the first to explore the psychosocial predictors of DE in a sample of Middle-Eastern males and to explore the mediating effect of depression on DE. <strong> </strong>Our results will assist in the development of prevention and intervention programs targeting the roots of DE, and ultimately eating disorders. Specifically, nurses could assess psychopathology indicators, and in particular depressive symptoms in males, once they detect that strategies to lose weight are being applied, as a preventive measure against distorted eating. Clinically, it is important to pay attention to behaviors among males that aim at becoming thinner through a change of eating patterns, food choice, and exercise. Such behaviors are indicative of worry and concern about losing weight, which can lead to negative feelings (especially if the behaviors are ineffective, or the individual has the intention but is unable to consistently apply those strategies to decrease weight), Those feelings can, in turn, result in emotional eating, which is ultimately a risk factor for eating disorders (Fairburn, Cooper, Doll, & Davies, 2005). In addition, findings from this study bring attention to the impact of media and importance of restructuring the perceptions of an “ideal” male figure that directly impacts males’ emotional functioning, which reflects in emotional eating patterns. These findings have special relevance for the Lebanese context. The region is in need of centralized efforts towards providing holistic health care to males at risk of developing DE habits. A multidisciplinary approach is needed, whereby psychologists, public health and nursing professionals, as well as nutritionists can join efforts to detect, assess, and treat DE behaviors.</p>en
dc.subjectdepressionen
dc.subjectdisordered eatingen
dc.subjectyoung maleen
dc.date.available2017-07-07T18:41:28Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-07-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-07T18:41:28Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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