Influencing Factors of Cultural Competence Among South Korean Clinical Nurses

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621743
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Influencing Factors of Cultural Competence Among South Korean Clinical Nurses
Author(s):
Park, Yunhee; Chae, Duckhee
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Yunhee Park, PhD, RN, Professional Experience: The author Park, Yunhee has conducted researches about nurses’ cultural competence. She is interested in factors affecting blue-collar workers’ cardiovascular disease risk and health-related quality of life. And she is also interested in HIV patients’ treatment adherence and obesity related factors of preschool population. Author Summary: The author Park, Yunhee has conducted researches about nurses’ cultural competence. She is interested in factors affecting blue-collar workers’ cardiovascular disease risk and health-related quality of life. And she is also interested in HIV patients’ treatment adherence and obesity related factors of preschool population.
Abstract:

Purpose:

As Korean society has rapidly become multicultural in the last few decades, health professionals and healthcare organization are needed to deliver care to culturally and linguistically diverse population groups. This study was to investigate individual and organizational levels of predictors associated with cultural competence among Korean clinical nurses.

 Methods:

This cross-sectional study included 401 clinical nurses from 21 hospitals in South Korea. Multilevel modeling was used to estimate effects of predictors at the individual and the organizational level. Individual-level variables included sociodemographic factors (age, gender, education, experience of staying abroad, foreign language speaking, and cultural competence training), job related factors (career length, job position, clinical unit, and caring experience of foreign patients), and professionalism. Organizational-level variables included the number of hospital beds, work environment, and organizational cultural competence. The data were analyzed with STATA software version 13.0 using multilevel analysis.

 Results:

Most participants were female (97.5%) and the mean age was 31.16 (SD=7.54) years. While majority (88.8%) had experience of caring foreign patients, only few participants (7.3%) received education for caring foreign patients. Mean number of hospital beds was 467.67 (SD=291.16). Multilevel regression analysis showed that professionalism (p<.001) and previous experience of staying abroad (p=.001) were significant factors at the individual level. When organizational-level variables were added as predictors, organizational cultural competence (p<.001) was significant while the significance of professionalism (p<.001) and previous experience of staying abroad (p=.001) were maintained. And the estimated interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 11.13% of the total variance in cultural competence of nurses.

 Conclusion:

By application of multilevel modeling, this study sought to identify individual and organizational level factors associated with cultural competence among Korean nurses. The results of this study indicate that differences in nurses’ cultural competence were related to individual and organizational factors. In order to provide effective nursing care to culturally and linguistically diverse patients, efforts should be made to improve not only individual competence but also organizational cultural competence.

Keywords:
Cultural Competence; Multilevel Analysis; Nurses
Repository Posting Date:
10-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
10-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17PST425
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleInfluencing Factors of Cultural Competence Among South Korean Clinical Nursesen_US
dc.contributor.authorPark, Yunheeen
dc.contributor.authorChae, Duckheeen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsYunhee Park, PhD, RN, Professional Experience: The author Park, Yunhee has conducted researches about nurses’ cultural competence. She is interested in factors affecting blue-collar workers’ cardiovascular disease risk and health-related quality of life. And she is also interested in HIV patients’ treatment adherence and obesity related factors of preschool population. Author Summary: The author Park, Yunhee has conducted researches about nurses’ cultural competence. She is interested in factors affecting blue-collar workers’ cardiovascular disease risk and health-related quality of life. And she is also interested in HIV patients’ treatment adherence and obesity related factors of preschool population.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621743-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose:</strong></p> <p>As Korean society has rapidly become multicultural in the last few decades, health professionals and healthcare organization are needed to deliver care to culturally and linguistically diverse population groups. This study was to investigate individual and organizational levels of predictors associated with cultural competence among Korean clinical nurses.</p> <p> <strong>Methods:</strong></p> <p>This cross-sectional study included 401 clinical nurses from 21 hospitals in South Korea. Multilevel modeling was used to estimate effects of predictors at the individual and the organizational level. Individual-level variables included sociodemographic factors (age, gender, education, experience of staying abroad, foreign language speaking, and cultural competence training), job related factors (career length, job position, clinical unit, and caring experience of foreign patients), and professionalism. Organizational-level variables included the number of hospital beds, work environment, and organizational cultural competence. The data were analyzed with STATA software version 13.0 using multilevel analysis.</p> <p> <strong>Results:</strong></p> <p>Most participants were female (97.5%) and the mean age was 31.16 (SD=7.54) years. While majority (88.8%) had experience of caring foreign patients, only few participants (7.3%) received education for caring foreign patients. Mean number of hospital beds was 467.67 (SD=291.16). Multilevel regression analysis showed that professionalism (<em>p</em><.001) and previous experience of staying abroad (<em>p</em>=.001) were significant factors at the individual level. When organizational-level variables were added as predictors, organizational cultural competence (<em>p</em><.001) was significant while the significance of professionalism (p<.001) and previous experience of staying abroad (p=.001) were maintained. And the estimated interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 11.13% of the total variance in cultural competence of nurses.</p> <p> <strong>Conclusion:</strong></p> <p>By application of multilevel modeling, this study sought to identify individual and organizational level factors associated with cultural competence among Korean nurses. The results of this study indicate that differences in nurses’ cultural competence were related to individual and organizational factors. In order to provide effective nursing care to culturally and linguistically diverse patients, efforts should be made to improve not only individual competence but also organizational cultural competence.</p>en
dc.subjectCultural Competenceen
dc.subjectMultilevel Analysisen
dc.subjectNursesen
dc.date.available2017-07-10T15:46:24Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-10-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-10T15:46:24Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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