2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621807
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Title:
Balance Self-Efficacy: Does It Affect Psychosocial Well-Being in Older Adults?
Author(s):
Mumba, Mercy N.; Godinez, Ignacio
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Delta Theta
Author Details:
Mercy N. Mumba, PhD, RN, CMSRN; Ignacio Godinez
Abstract:

Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of exercise on balance self-efficacy and to determine if there is an association between balance self-efficacy and performance on psychosocial outcomes.

There are 40.3 million people in the United States aged 65 and older. This is a drastic change from two decades ago when only 3.1 million Americans were older than 65 years of age. In 2010, over 38% of individuals over the age of 65 reported one or more disabilities including difficulties with walking, climbing stairs, and an inability to do regular errands alone. The older adults’ bodies may not always respond in a manner they expect, making them more susceptible to falls and injury. The result is a decrease in balance self-efficacy, which then affects their willingness to participate in exercise and social gatherings. Social isolation subsequently leads to depression and decreased quality of life.

Methods:  One-group pretest-posttest design. Approved by the IRB at Universityof Texas at Arlington. Convenience sample was used, recruited from the community. Power analysis required sample size = 64, total of 78 participatnts were recruited for the study. Participants enganged in 15-week exercise program that incorporated balance, strength, endurance, and flexibility training. Instruments used: Balance Self-efficacy Scale, EquiTest® computerized system (neurocom), Comprehensive Fall Risk Screening Instrument, and the Promis 29.

Results:  Preliminary results: 78 total participants in the study. Ages ranged from 60 years to 89 years. 74% were female, over 60% had at least a bachelors degree. 89% were caucasian. Comorbid medical diagnoses such as Arthritis (62%), diabetes (9%), hypertention (14%), thyroid problems (15%),cardiovascular prolems (11%), and cancers (21%). 90% of participants use assistive devices, and 50% report falling within last 3 years. 46% use more than 4 prescription medications daily. Balance self-efficacy did not differ based on age, gender, ethnicity, pain interferance, physical function, low back pain, or educational level. However, depression (p = 0.044) and anxiety/fear (p = 0.025) significantly predicted balance self-efficacy.

Conclusion:  Depression and anxiety often go untreated in older adults. However, from this study, they are significantly related to balaance self-efficacy. Finding ways to treat depression and anxiety in this population is imperative in order to foster social and community engagement in this population.

Keywords:
balance self-efficacy; older adults; psychosocial wellbeing
Repository Posting Date:
12-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
12-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17PST417
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship
Note:
Items submitted to a conference/event were evaluated/peer-reviewed at the time of abstract submission to the event. No other peer-review was provided prior to submission to the Henderson Repository.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.titleBalance Self-Efficacy: Does It Affect Psychosocial Well-Being in Older Adults?en
dc.contributor.authorMumba, Mercy N.en
dc.contributor.authorGodinez, Ignacioen
dc.contributor.departmentDelta Thetaen
dc.author.detailsMercy N. Mumba, PhD, RN, CMSRN; Ignacio Godinezen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621807-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose: </strong><span> The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of exercise on balance self-efficacy and to determine if there is an association between balance self-efficacy and performance on psychosocial outcomes.</span></p> <p>There are 40.3 million people in the United States aged 65 and older. This is a drastic change from two decades ago when only 3.1 million Americans were older than 65 years of age. In 2010, over 38% of individuals over the age of 65 reported one or more disabilities including difficulties with walking, climbing stairs, and an inability to do regular errands alone. The older adults’ bodies may not always respond in a manner they expect, making them more susceptible to falls and injury. The result is a decrease in balance self-efficacy, which then affects their willingness to participate in exercise and social gatherings. Social isolation subsequently leads to depression and decreased quality of life.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong> One-group pretest-posttest design. Approved by the IRB at Universityof Texas at Arlington. Convenience sample was used, recruited from the community. Power analysis required sample size = 64, total of 78 participatnts were recruited for the study. Participants enganged in 15-week exercise program that incorporated balance, strength, endurance, and flexibility training. Instruments used: Balance Self-efficacy Scale, EquiTest® computerized system (neurocom), Comprehensive Fall Risk Screening Instrument, and the Promis 29.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong> Preliminary results: 78 total participants in the study. Ages ranged from 60 years to 89 years. 74% were female, over 60% had at least a bachelors degree. 89% were caucasian. Comorbid medical diagnoses such as Arthritis (62%), diabetes (9%), hypertention (14%), thyroid problems (15%),cardiovascular prolems (11%), and cancers (21%). 90% of participants use assistive devices, and 50% report falling within last 3 years. 46% use more than 4 prescription medications daily. Balance self-efficacy did not differ based on age, gender, ethnicity, pain interferance, physical function, low back pain, or educational level. However, depression (p = 0.044) and anxiety/fear (p = 0.025) significantly predicted balance self-efficacy.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong> <span class="pagecontents">Depression and anxiety often go untreated in older adults. However, from this study, they are significantly related to balaance self-efficacy. Finding ways to treat depression and anxiety in this population is imperative in order to foster social and community engagement in this population.</span></p>en
dc.subjectbalance self-efficacyen
dc.subjectolder adultsen
dc.subjectpsychosocial wellbeingen
dc.date.available2017-07-12T20:47:19Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-12-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-12T20:47:19Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
dc.description.noteItems submitted to a conference/event were evaluated/peer-reviewed at the time of abstract submission to the event. No other peer-review was provided prior to submission to the Henderson Repository.-
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