Adolescents Using the Internet for General and Sexual Health Information: An Evidence Review

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621822
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Adolescents Using the Internet for General and Sexual Health Information: An Evidence Review
Other Titles:
Health Promotion for Adolescents
Author(s):
O'Neil, Jean M.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Nu Mu
Author Details:
Jean M. O'Neil, DNP, RN, FNP-BC, Professional Experience: 2015- present - Assistant Professor in Nursing, teaching graduate student in the family nurse practitioner program 2008 - present - Lead family nurse practitioner in an adolescent school based clinic responsible for the care of the general and sexual health care needs of adolescents. Principle presenter for several local and regional nursing conferences regarding the healthcare needs of the adolescent Author Summary: Dr. O'Neil's current interest and research lies in adolescent medicine, especially in the areas of reducing high-risk behaviors which includes the improvement of a teen’s sexual health through family planning and the prevention, testing and treatment of STDs. She is also an advocate for adolescent health in ethnically diverse and underserved communities. She is an FNP for a high school based health clinic and an assistant professor of nursing at California State University, Los Angeles.
Abstract:

Problem:While adolescent pregnancy numbers may be decreasing, there are millions of new cases of sexually transmitted diseases that are diagnosed each year in the young adult population. Adolescents often express feelings of invincibility and egocentric behavior (Wickman, M. et al., 2008). This, combined with peer pressure and misinformation, can lead to high risk behaviors that can compromise their health. While most providers routinely address general health concerns, some are not as comfortable speaking with the adolescent about their issues regarding sexual health, family planning needs or sexual orientation. Also, access to healthcare can be a problem for this population because adolescents often have to rely on adults to get them to clinics and hospitals. Therefore, the adolescent worries about the lack of confidentiality regarding the information they share with the provider. Adolescents have been known to access health education via the Internet (Alison, S. et al., 2012) Recently, more teens are expressing their need to access healthcare information in this way. This may be in part due to easy access of information, as well as a more private way to explore sites regarding confusion related to their sexuality. There is an abundance of general and sexual health information online (Whiteley, L., 2012). However, there are concerns by both the medical community, as well as the adolescents themselves, as to whether these sites are presenting accurate and reliable health information (Jones, R. et al., 2011)

Objective:An integrative literature and evidence based informational review was conducted regarding the following factors: the ethnicity, age, gender, socioeconomic status and sexual orientation of these adolescents, the type of health information they are seeking, how these teens are using this information, the reliability of these health education sites and how the healthcare provider is incorporating this information into their practice.

Method:A comprehensive search strategy was used to identify English language evidence published between 2010-2016 via PubMed, CINAHL, Science Direct, PsychNet and Cochrane Library. A total of 3615 hits yielded 23 articles that met criteria in addition to 5 contextual articles; therefore 28 articles were included for the final review.

Results:Results indicate that there are a growing number of adolescents that are getting their health information from the Internet. However, many of them have expressed that they weren’t sure if the information was appropriate, accurate or useful. Adolescents were confused by some of the sexual health information they found and expressed interest in speaking with family, friends, teachers or a trusted health provider but were concerned about the possible breech in confidentiality. The community of LGBTQ and transgender teens were also identified as users of the Internet for health information especially, if they were still hesitant about talking about their sexual orientation with their healthcare providers.

Implications: The medical community needs to be aware of what types of online health and sexual health education are available for adolescents. Providers can use this knowledge to their advantage by reviewing these sites and recommending those they feel are appropriate. These sites could work to serve as an adjunct to the adolescent visit and open up avenues for conversation on general, and especially on sexual health topics, between the provider and the patient.

Keywords:
Adolescent; Internet; Online Health Information
Repository Posting Date:
13-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
13-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17E01
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleAdolescents Using the Internet for General and Sexual Health Information: An Evidence Reviewen_US
dc.title.alternativeHealth Promotion for Adolescentsen
dc.contributor.authorO'Neil, Jean M.en
dc.contributor.departmentNu Muen
dc.author.detailsJean M. O'Neil, DNP, RN, FNP-BC, Professional Experience: 2015- present - Assistant Professor in Nursing, teaching graduate student in the family nurse practitioner program 2008 - present - Lead family nurse practitioner in an adolescent school based clinic responsible for the care of the general and sexual health care needs of adolescents. Principle presenter for several local and regional nursing conferences regarding the healthcare needs of the adolescent Author Summary: Dr. O'Neil's current interest and research lies in adolescent medicine, especially in the areas of reducing high-risk behaviors which includes the improvement of a teen’s sexual health through family planning and the prevention, testing and treatment of STDs. She is also an advocate for adolescent health in ethnically diverse and underserved communities. She is an FNP for a high school based health clinic and an assistant professor of nursing at California State University, Los Angeles.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621822-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Problem:</strong><span>While adolescent pregnancy numbers may be decreasing, there are millions of new cases of sexually transmitted diseases that are diagnosed each year in the young adult population. Adolescents often express feelings of invincibility and egocentric behavior (Wickman, M. et al., 2008). This, combined with peer pressure and misinformation, can lead to high risk behaviors that can compromise their health. While most providers routinely address general health concerns, some are not as comfortable speaking with the adolescent about their issues regarding sexual health, family planning needs or sexual orientation. Also, access to healthcare can be a problem for this population because adolescents often have to rely on adults to get them to clinics and hospitals. Therefore, the adolescent worries about the lack of confidentiality regarding the information they share with the provider. Adolescents have been known to access health education via the Internet (Alison, S. et al., 2012) Recently, more teens are expressing their need to access healthcare information in this way. This may be in part due to easy access of information, as well as a more private way to explore sites regarding confusion related to their sexuality. There is an abundance of general and sexual health information online (Whiteley, L., 2012). However, there are concerns by both the medical community, as well as the adolescents themselves, as to whether these sites are presenting accurate and reliable health information (Jones, R. et al., 2011)</span></p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong>An integrative literature and evidence based informational review was conducted regarding the following factors: the ethnicity, age, gender, socioeconomic status and sexual orientation of these adolescents, the type of health information they are seeking, how these teens are using this information, the reliability of these health education sites and how the healthcare provider is incorporating this information into their practice.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong>A comprehensive search strategy was used to identify English language evidence published between 2010-2016 via PubMed, CINAHL, Science Direct, PsychNet and Cochrane Library. A total of 3615 hits yielded 23 articles that met criteria in addition to 5 contextual articles; therefore 28 articles were included for the final review.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong>Results indicate that there are a growing number of adolescents that are getting their health information from the Internet. However, many of them have expressed that they weren’t sure if the information was appropriate, accurate or useful. Adolescents were confused by some of the sexual health information they found and expressed interest in speaking with family, friends, teachers or a trusted health provider but were concerned about the possible breech in confidentiality. The community of LGBTQ and transgender teens were also identified as users of the Internet for health information especially, if they were still hesitant about talking about their sexual orientation with their healthcare providers.</p> <p><strong>Implications:</strong> The medical community needs to be aware of what types of online health and sexual health education are available for adolescents. Providers can use this knowledge to their advantage by reviewing these sites and recommending those they feel are appropriate. These sites could work to serve as an adjunct to the adolescent visit and open up avenues for conversation on general, and especially on sexual health topics, between the provider and the patient.</p>en
dc.subjectAdolescenten
dc.subjectInterneten
dc.subjectOnline Health Informationen
dc.date.available2017-07-13T16:06:57Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-13-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-13T16:06:57Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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