Effect of Health Belief Model-Based Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention Program on Early Old-Aged Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621861
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Effect of Health Belief Model-Based Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention Program on Early Old-Aged Women
Author(s):
Oh, Jiwon; Ahn, Sukhee; Kim, Jisoon; Park, Seyeon; Song, Rhayun
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Jiwon Oh, MSN, RN, Professional Experience: Mar 2016 – Current -- Graduate Research Assistant, College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea Provide research support by collecting data according to inclusion criteria and analyzing data. Develop research papers for publication based on data analyses and results. Feb 2013 – May 2014 -- Graduate Hourly Assistant, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Urbana, IL, USA Analyzed sources such as reference works, literature and related documents and wrote reports in formats. Author Summary: Jiwon is currently in her second semester as a PhD nursing student at Chungnam National University in South Korea. Her main interest is health behavior change among population with chronic illnesses.
Abstract:

Purpose:  Osteoporosis is globally affecting the health of people, especially menopausal women. Decreased amount of estrogen during menopause causes loss of bone mass leading to bone fractures. International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) (2015) reports 1 in 3 menopausal women are at risk of osteoporotic fractures. One of the typical sites of osteoporotic fracture is at proximal femur and hip fracture is known to increase the risk of mortality rates by 10% to 20% (Miller, 2016; Buttaro, Trybulski, Bailey, & Sandberg-Cook, 2013). Fracture of the hip can be a burden both at an individual and social level because its treatment requires longer hospital stays than any other common chronic illnesses (IOF, 2015). Long hospital stays due to osteoporotic fractures are costly and can be prevented by early identification (Hopkins et al., 2016; Solomon et al., 2014). Due to asymptomatic feature of the disease until fracture develops, higher mortality rates by bone fractures, and great expense followed by its complication treatment, it is important to prevent osteoporosis and fall among population at the most risk group. The purpose of this study is to determine whether Health Belief Model (HBM)-based Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention Program has an impact on the level of osteoporotic/fall related knowledge, self-efficacy on physical activities and diet change, and preventive behaviors among women aged 65 to 74.

Methods:  This untreated control group design with pretest and posttest study was performed within community settings for two months. Women who received HBM-based Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention Program (n=47) attended a total of 4 sessions of 1-hour long education and counseling once every two weeks. The remaining participants (n=47) in the control group received 1-hour osteoporosis education after posttest.

Results: Results showed statistically significant differences between control and intervention group on the level of osteoporosis and fall related knowledge (t = -13.91, p < 0.001; t = -2.354, p = 0.021), self-efficacy of osteoporotic physical activities (t = 2.736, p = 0.008), and osteoporosis and fall preventive behaviors (t = 4.761, p <0.001; t = 3.879, p < 0.001).

Conclusion:  Participants in the intervention group had significantly higher levels of knowledge, self-efficacy, and preventive behaviors after completing 4 sessions of the program. Therefore, the HBM-based Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention Program seems to have an outstanding effectiveness on osteoporosis and fall prevention among early old aged women. The result is meaningful in terms of the intervention program is basing on a theory. In addition, one-to-one counseling session included in the experimental intervention, but was not in the control intervention, may imply individualized care had been performed and had beneficial impact on increased level of knowledge, self-efficacy, and preventive behaviors. Also, the outcome suggests that the program may have the potential to reduce the cost resulting from long hospital stays by osteoporotic fractures.

Keywords:
Osteoporosis and falls; Early Old Aged Women; Osteoporosis Prevention Education
Repository Posting Date:
17-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
17-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17PST650
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleEffect of Health Belief Model-Based Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention Program on Early Old-Aged Womenen_US
dc.contributor.authorOh, Jiwonen
dc.contributor.authorAhn, Sukheeen
dc.contributor.authorKim, Jisoonen
dc.contributor.authorPark, Seyeonen
dc.contributor.authorSong, Rhayunen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsJiwon Oh, MSN, RN, Professional Experience: Mar 2016 – Current -- Graduate Research Assistant, College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea Provide research support by collecting data according to inclusion criteria and analyzing data. Develop research papers for publication based on data analyses and results. Feb 2013 – May 2014 -- Graduate Hourly Assistant, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Urbana, IL, USA Analyzed sources such as reference works, literature and related documents and wrote reports in formats. Author Summary: Jiwon is currently in her second semester as a PhD nursing student at Chungnam National University in South Korea. Her main interest is health behavior change among population with chronic illnesses.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621861-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose: </strong><span> Osteoporosis is globally affecting the health of people, especially menopausal women. Decreased amount of estrogen during menopause causes loss of bone mass leading to bone fractures. International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) (2015) reports 1 in 3 menopausal women are at risk of osteoporotic fractures. One of the typical sites of osteoporotic fracture is at proximal femur and hip fracture is known to increase the risk of mortality rates by 10% to 20% (Miller, 2016; Buttaro, Trybulski, Bailey, & Sandberg-Cook, 2013). Fracture of the hip can be a burden both at an individual and social level because its treatment requires longer hospital stays than any other common chronic illnesses (IOF, 2015). Long hospital stays due to osteoporotic fractures are costly and can be prevented by early identification (Hopkins et al., 2016; Solomon et al., 2014). Due to asymptomatic feature of the disease until fracture develops, higher mortality rates by bone fractures, and great expense followed by its complication treatment, it is important to prevent osteoporosis and fall among population at the most risk group. The purpose of this study is to determine whether Health Belief Model (HBM)-based Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention Program has an impact on the level of osteoporotic/fall related knowledge, self-efficacy on physical activities and diet change, and preventive behaviors among women aged 65 to 74.</span></p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong> This untreated control group design with pretest and posttest study was performed within community settings for two months. Women who received HBM-based Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention Program (n=47) attended a total of 4 sessions of 1-hour long education and counseling once every two weeks. The remaining participants (n=47) in the control group received 1-hour osteoporosis education after posttest.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Results showed statistically significant differences between control and intervention group on the level of osteoporosis and fall related knowledge (t = -13.91, p < 0.001; t = -2.354, p = 0.021), self-efficacy of osteoporotic physical activities (t = 2.736, p = 0.008), and osteoporosis and fall preventive behaviors (t = 4.761, p <0.001; t = 3.879, p < 0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong> Participants in the intervention group had significantly higher levels of knowledge, self-efficacy, and preventive behaviors after completing 4 sessions of the program. Therefore, the HBM-based Osteoporosis and Fall Prevention Program seems to have an outstanding effectiveness on osteoporosis and fall prevention among early old aged women. The result is meaningful in terms of the intervention program is basing on a theory. In addition, one-to-one counseling session included in the experimental intervention, but was not in the control intervention, may imply individualized care had been performed and had beneficial impact on increased level of knowledge, self-efficacy, and preventive behaviors. Also, the outcome suggests that the program may have the potential to reduce the cost resulting from long hospital stays by osteoporotic fractures.</p>en
dc.subjectOsteoporosis and fallsen
dc.subjectEarly Old Aged Womenen
dc.subjectOsteoporosis Prevention Educationen
dc.date.available2017-07-17T14:35:54Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-17-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-17T14:35:54Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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