Memory-Focused Interventions for People With Cognitive Disorders: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Studies

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621875
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Memory-Focused Interventions for People With Cognitive Disorders: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Studies
Author(s):
Chou, Kuei-Ru
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Lambda Beta-at-Large
Author Details:
Kuei-Ru Chou, PhD, Professor, RN, Professional Experience: 2011-present--Director of Library, Professor, Taipei Medical University(TMU), Taiwan 2014-present--Vice Director, Department of Nursing, TMU-Shuang Ho Hospital, Taiwan 2011--Active Dean, Professor, College of Nursing, TMU, Taiwan 2006-2011--Director of Graduate Institute of Nursing, Professor, Graduate Institute of Nursing, College of Nursing, TMU, Taiwan 2015-present--Chair of Research Committee, Asian Oncology Nursing Society 2002-present--Executive Director and Director, Committee of Community Service and International Affairs, Lambda Beta Chapter-At-Large, Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, Taiwan 2005-present--Executive Director and Chairman, Committee of International Affairs, Oncology Nursing Society of Taiwan, Taiwan 2003-2005--Director, Oncology Nursing Society of Taiwan, Taiwan 2007-present--Vice Chairman and Director, Academic Committee Member, Psychiatric Mental Health Nurses Association Republic of China, Taiwan 2011-present--Director, Taiwan Nursing Management Association, Taiwan 2005-present--Director, Mental Health Professional Nurse, Taiwan 2004-present--Director, National Defense Medical Center School of Nursing Alumni Association, Taiwan Author Summary: Dr. Chou has more than 30 years of experience in nursing science and has published more than 120 scientific publications in SCI/SSCI journals. She has been serviced as the Director of Graduate Institute of Nursing from 2006-2011 and promoted to the Acting Dean of College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University (TMU). She is currently appointed as the Director of Library at the TMU and the Vice Director of department of Nursing at TMU-Shuang Ho Hospital.
Abstract:

1. Background

Cognitive disorder is a crucial global issue. Memory impairment is often considered an early and crucial clinical manifestation of cognitive disorder. Previous studies have shown that memory-focused interventions can effectively mitigate memory function decline. However, in previous studies, the research targets were mostly healthy older adults; few meta-analyses on patients with cognitive disorders have been performed. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of memory-focused interventions on cognitive disorder through conducting a meta-analysis.

2. Methods

According to a systematical literature search strategy, using keywords and the MeSH terms to identify studies related to memory-focused interventions and cognitive disorders. The online electronic databases used in this study were PubMed, the Cochrane Library, OVID-Medline, CINHAL, PsycINFO, and Embase (up to July 2015). Articles that met the inclusion criteria were included and a random effect model was used for a meta-analysis. The primary indicators were objective memory performance and subjective memory performance; the secondary indicators were immediate recall, delayed recall, global cognitive functions, and depression.

3. Results

A total of 19 research articles were included in this study. The results showed that memory-focused interventions had a medium–large effect on the objective and subjective memory performance of patients with cognitive disorders, a small–medium effect on delayed recall and global cognitive function, and a small effect on immediate recall (all p < .05). A subgroup analysis on objective memory performance that featured medium heterogeneity showed that the number of treatment weeks (≤5 weeks) could be adopted as a moderator variable for the effect of memory-focused interventions on objective memory performance. A metaregression analysis showed that various continuous variables were nonsignificantly correlated with effect size.

4. Conclusion

In this study, the meta-analysis results showed that memory-focused interventions effectively improved the objective and subjective memory performance of patients with cognitive disorders. Objective memory performance can serve as a reference for diagnosing cognitive disorders; the meaning of subjective memory performance and related factors is crucial for rapidly aging societies. We hope that memory-focused interventions can improve memory function and assist patients in overcoming their self-care problems resulting from memory impairment.

Keywords:
Cognitive Disorders; Memory Training; Memory-focused Interventions
Repository Posting Date:
17-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
17-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17PST10
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleMemory-Focused Interventions for People With Cognitive Disorders: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Studiesen_US
dc.contributor.authorChou, Kuei-Ruen
dc.contributor.departmentLambda Beta-at-Largeen
dc.author.detailsKuei-Ru Chou, PhD, Professor, RN, Professional Experience: 2011-present--Director of Library, Professor, Taipei Medical University(TMU), Taiwan 2014-present--Vice Director, Department of Nursing, TMU-Shuang Ho Hospital, Taiwan 2011--Active Dean, Professor, College of Nursing, TMU, Taiwan 2006-2011--Director of Graduate Institute of Nursing, Professor, Graduate Institute of Nursing, College of Nursing, TMU, Taiwan 2015-present--Chair of Research Committee, Asian Oncology Nursing Society 2002-present--Executive Director and Director, Committee of Community Service and International Affairs, Lambda Beta Chapter-At-Large, Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, Taiwan 2005-present--Executive Director and Chairman, Committee of International Affairs, Oncology Nursing Society of Taiwan, Taiwan 2003-2005--Director, Oncology Nursing Society of Taiwan, Taiwan 2007-present--Vice Chairman and Director, Academic Committee Member, Psychiatric Mental Health Nurses Association Republic of China, Taiwan 2011-present--Director, Taiwan Nursing Management Association, Taiwan 2005-present--Director, Mental Health Professional Nurse, Taiwan 2004-present--Director, National Defense Medical Center School of Nursing Alumni Association, Taiwan Author Summary: Dr. Chou has more than 30 years of experience in nursing science and has published more than 120 scientific publications in SCI/SSCI journals. She has been serviced as the Director of Graduate Institute of Nursing from 2006-2011 and promoted to the Acting Dean of College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University (TMU). She is currently appointed as the Director of Library at the TMU and the Vice Director of department of Nursing at TMU-Shuang Ho Hospital.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621875-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>1. </strong><strong>Background</strong></p> <p>Cognitive disorder is a crucial global issue. Memory impairment is often considered an early and crucial clinical manifestation of cognitive disorder. Previous studies have shown that memory-focused interventions can effectively mitigate memory function decline. However, in previous studies, the research targets were mostly healthy older adults; few meta-analyses on patients with cognitive disorders have been performed. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of memory-focused interventions on cognitive disorder through conducting a meta-analysis.</p> <p><strong>2. </strong><strong>Methods</strong></p> <p>According to a systematical literature search strategy, using keywords and the MeSH terms to identify studies related to memory-focused interventions and cognitive disorders. The online electronic databases used in this study were PubMed, the Cochrane Library, OVID-Medline, CINHAL, PsycINFO, and Embase (up to July 2015). Articles that met the inclusion criteria were included and a random effect model was used for a meta-analysis. The primary indicators were objective memory performance and subjective memory performance; the secondary indicators were immediate recall, delayed recall, global cognitive functions, and depression.</p> <p><strong>3. </strong><strong>Results</strong></p> <p>A total of 19 research articles were included in this study. The results showed that memory-focused interventions had a medium–large effect on the objective and subjective memory performance of patients with cognitive disorders, a small–medium effect on delayed recall and global cognitive function, and a small effect on immediate recall (all p < .05). A subgroup analysis on objective memory performance that featured medium heterogeneity showed that the number of treatment weeks (≤5 weeks) could be adopted as a moderator variable for the effect of memory-focused interventions on objective memory performance. A metaregression analysis showed that various continuous variables were nonsignificantly correlated with effect size.</p> <p><strong>4. </strong><strong>Conclusion</strong></p> <p>In this study, the meta-analysis results showed that memory-focused interventions effectively improved the objective and subjective memory performance of patients with cognitive disorders. Objective memory performance can serve as a reference for diagnosing cognitive disorders; the meaning of subjective memory performance and related factors is crucial for rapidly aging societies. We hope that memory-focused interventions can improve memory function and assist patients in overcoming their self-care problems resulting from memory impairment.</p>en
dc.subjectCognitive Disordersen
dc.subjectMemory Trainingen
dc.subjectMemory-focused Interventionsen
dc.date.available2017-07-17T17:12:04Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-17-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-17T17:12:04Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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