Understanding Work Value Profiles and Exploring Factors Affecting Work Values of Student Nurses

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621885
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Understanding Work Value Profiles and Exploring Factors Affecting Work Values of Student Nurses
Author(s):
Cheng, Chia-Hsin
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta Eta-at-Large
Author Details:
Chia-Hsin Cheng, MS, RN, Professional Experience: 2010-present -- Clinical Instructor, Department of Nursing, I-Shou University,Kaohsiung City, Taiwan Responsible for curriculum planning and relative administrative implementation for Advanced Clinical Nursing Internship (I)(Ⅱ) (2010-2013). Responsible for curriculum planning and relative administrative implementation for Adult Nursing Practicum (2013-present). Responsible for teaching courses of Physical Examination and Assessment Laboratory, Clinical Practice in Fundamental of Nursing Laboratory, Medical and Surgical Nursing Laboratory (2010-present). Author Summary: Chia-Hsin Cheng has been a clinical instructor at I-Shou University for seven years. During her services in the department of nursing, she has not only taught clinical courses academically, but also precepted students clinically. In addition, she has experience in presenting research posters at international nursing conferences. She has also published an article about nursing education in The Journal of Nursing (a journal of the Taiwan Nurses Association).
Abstract:

Purpose:

To understand the work value profiles and explore factors affecting the work values of student nurses.

Methods:

A cross-sectional design involving 164 junior and senior baccalaureate student nurses in Southern Taiwan was employed to explore the work value profiles and the factors influencing the perceived work values of nursing students. Surveys were completed anonymously, and contained three categories: demographic characteristics, the Chinese version of the short-form revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQR-S; Liao, 2001), and Adolescents' Work Values Inventory (Li & Ou, 2011). Internal consistency of Cronbach Alpha was shown to be .666.722.462, .042 on the four dimensions of extraversion, neuroticism, lying, and psychoticism on personality questionnaire, and .881, .942, .870, .867, .883, .911, .937, .856 on the eight dimensions of beyond, realistic, growth, respect, organization, relationship, security, and comfort on the work values inventory. The first four dimensions of the work values inventory represented “terminal (intrinsic) values”, while the latter four dimensions represented “instrumental (extrinsic) values”. Perceived work values were measured on a 6-point Likert scale with sum scores of 48 indicating “very important” and 8 meaning “not important” on each 8-item dimension. Descriptive statistics, t tests, One-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were carried out through SPSS 18.0.

Results:

Overall, students perceived realistic (M±SD = 30.01±4.93), relationship (30.23±4.56), and security (30.24±4.98) as their three most important work values. Junior students perceived realistic (= 31.26) and security (= 31.01) values, while senior students perceived relationship (= 29.81) and security (= 29.67) values as their most important work values. Also, juniors’ perceptions of the importance of realistic (= 3.44, < .01) and growth (= .96, < .05) values were significantly greater than those of seniors. Comparing across different levels of students’ self-reported average practice grades, significant differences were shown on the beyond values (= 3.19, p < .05). Age (= - .22, < .01) and parents’ marriage status (r = .17, p < .05) were negatively and positively correlated with the realistic and organization values, respectively. Among the eight work value dimensions, the beyond dimension showed the most significantly positive correlation with the demographic characteristics of willingness to do nursing work (r = .19, p < .05), levels of self-reported average practice grades (= .17, p < .05), satisfaction toward practice grades (= .20, p < .01), and satisfaction toward the clinical practice arrangement (= .30, < .001). The personality trait of extraversion revealed a significantly positive correlation with beyond (= .27, < .01), growth (r = .25, p < .01), and relationship values (= .16, < .05). Finally, students’ satisfaction toward the clinical practice arrangement and extraversion accounted for 16.00% of the variance in predicting students’ terminal values.

Conclusion:

Students’ practice performances could potentially influence their terminal values, thus affecting their willingness to do nursing work. And, strategies should be applied by educators when arranging clinical placements for students in order to enhance their experiences and satisfaction toward clinical practice. Finally, it is important for nurse managers to identify work value profiles and address work value conflicts between newly graduated student nurses with specific personality traits and the nursing unit as a whole in order to foster greater job satisfaction thus stabilize the retention rate of new nurses.

Keywords:
nursing education; student nurses; work values
Repository Posting Date:
17-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
17-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17PST571
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleUnderstanding Work Value Profiles and Exploring Factors Affecting Work Values of Student Nursesen_US
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Chia-Hsinen
dc.contributor.departmentBeta Eta-at-Largeen
dc.author.detailsChia-Hsin Cheng, MS, RN, Professional Experience: 2010-present -- Clinical Instructor, Department of Nursing, I-Shou University,Kaohsiung City, Taiwan Responsible for curriculum planning and relative administrative implementation for Advanced Clinical Nursing Internship (I)(Ⅱ) (2010-2013). Responsible for curriculum planning and relative administrative implementation for Adult Nursing Practicum (2013-present). Responsible for teaching courses of Physical Examination and Assessment Laboratory, Clinical Practice in Fundamental of Nursing Laboratory, Medical and Surgical Nursing Laboratory (2010-present). Author Summary: Chia-Hsin Cheng has been a clinical instructor at I-Shou University for seven years. During her services in the department of nursing, she has not only taught clinical courses academically, but also precepted students clinically. In addition, she has experience in presenting research posters at international nursing conferences. She has also published an article about nursing education in The Journal of Nursing (a journal of the Taiwan Nurses Association).en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621885-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose:</strong></p> <p>To understand the work value profiles and explore factors affecting the work values of student nurses.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong></p> <p>A cross-sectional design involving 164 junior and senior baccalaureate student nurses in Southern Taiwan was employed to explore the work value profiles and the factors influencing the perceived work values of nursing students.<strong> </strong>Surveys were completed anonymously, and contained three categories: demographic characteristics, the Chinese version of the short-form revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQR-S; Liao, 2001), and Adolescents' Work Values Inventory (Li & Ou, 2011). Internal consistency of Cronbach Alpha was shown to be <em>.666</em>, <em>.722</em>, <em>.462, .042 </em>on the four dimensions of extraversion, neuroticism, lying, and psychoticism on personality questionnaire, and <em>.881, .942, .870, .867, .883, .911, .937</em><em>, .856 </em>on the eight dimensions of beyond, realistic, growth, respect, organization, relationship, security, and comfort on the work values inventory. The first four dimensions of the work values inventory represented “terminal (intrinsic) values”, while the latter four dimensions represented “instrumental (extrinsic) values”. Perceived work values were measured on a 6-point Likert scale with sum scores of 48 indicating “very important” and 8 meaning “not important” on each 8-item dimension. Descriptive statistics, t tests, One-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were carried out through SPSS 18.0.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong></p> <p>Overall, students perceived realistic (<em>M</em><em>±SD = </em>30.01±4.93), relationship (30.23±4.56), and security (30.24±4.98) as their three most important work values. Junior students perceived realistic (<em>M </em>= 31.26) and security (<em>M </em>= 31.01) values, while senior students perceived relationship (<em>M </em>= 29.81) and security (<em>M </em>= 29.67) values as their most important work values. Also, juniors’ perceptions of the importance of realistic (<em>F </em>= 3.44, <em>p </em>< .01) and growth (<em>F </em>= .96, <em>p </em>< .05) values were significantly greater than those of seniors. Comparing across different levels of students’ self-reported average practice grades, significant differences were shown on the beyond values (<em>F </em>= 3.19,<em> p </em>< .05). Age (<em>r </em>= - .22, <em>p </em>< .01) and parents’ marriage status (<em>r</em> = .17, <em>p</em> < .05) were negatively and positively correlated with the realistic and organization values, respectively. Among the eight work value dimensions, the beyond dimension showed the most significantly positive correlation with the demographic characteristics of willingness to do nursing work (<em>r</em> = .19, <em>p</em> < .05), levels of self-reported average practice grades (<em>r </em>= .17,<em> p </em>< .05), satisfaction toward practice grades (<em>r </em>= .20, <em>p</em> < .01), and satisfaction toward the clinical practice arrangement (<em>r </em>= .30, <em>p </em>< .001). The personality trait of extraversion revealed a significantly positive correlation with beyond (<em>r </em>= .27, <em>p </em>< .01), growth (<em>r</em> = .25, <em>p</em> < .01), and relationship values (<em>r </em>= .16, <em>p </em>< .05). Finally, students’ satisfaction toward the clinical practice arrangement and extraversion accounted for 16.00% of the variance in predicting students’ terminal values.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong></p> <p>Students’ practice performances could potentially influence their terminal values, thus affecting their willingness to do nursing work. And, strategies should be applied by educators when arranging clinical placements for students in order to enhance their experiences and satisfaction toward clinical practice. Finally, it is important for nurse managers to identify work value profiles and address work value conflicts between newly graduated student nurses with specific personality traits and the nursing unit as a whole in order to foster greater job satisfaction thus stabilize the retention rate of new nurses.</p>en
dc.subjectnursing educationen
dc.subjectstudent nursesen
dc.subjectwork valuesen
dc.date.available2017-07-17T19:32:11Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-17-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-17T19:32:11Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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