The Tele-Case-Management Program Improves Resilience, Symptoms Distress, Fatigue, and Depressive Symptoms in Heart Transplant Recipients

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/621915
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
The Tele-Case-Management Program Improves Resilience, Symptoms Distress, Fatigue, and Depressive Symptoms in Heart Transplant Recipients
Author(s):
Kao, Chi Wen; Lin, Pai-Hui
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta Theta-at-Large
Author Details:
Chi Wen Kao, PhD, RN, Professional Experience: Dr. Kao is an Associate Professor of National Defense Medical Center School of Nursing and director of Nursing Department in Tri-Service General Hospital. She has 16-year teaching experience including lecture and clinical teaching in cardiovascular health. Her researches focus on patient's outcomes. She had investigated the relationship between depression and heart rate variability in heart failure patients. Now, she is conducting researches on how to improve the self-management capability and psychological distress in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Author Summary: Dr. Kao is an associate professor of National Defense Medical Center, and the director of Nursing Department in Tri-Service General Hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. Her expertise is in chronic illness patient care, especially in cardiovascular diseases.
Abstract:

Purpose:  Patients with severe heart failure (NYHA Fc IV) without effective responses to medical therapy have to receive the treatment of heart transplantation. Although patients may prolong their life after undergoing heart transplantation, they need to take immunosuppressive drugs lifelong. How to strike a balance between avoiding infection and preventing rejection causes patients both physiological and psychological distress. Due to the special conditions after heart transplantation, telehealth care could provide immediately and timely care, and reduce the degrees of anxiety and depression for heart transplant recipients. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to develop the Tele-Case-Management Program, and determine its effects on the improvements of the depressive and fatigue symptoms, resilience, and the symptom frequency and distress.

Methods:  This study used experimental design with pretest, post-test. According to pretest of depression scores, we stratified and randomly assigned participants to the experimental group and control group. The heart transplant recipients in experimental group (n=31) received Tele-Case-Management Program intervention, and the recipients in control group (n=30) received the usual care. Each study participants was evaluated by Resilience Scale, Symptom Frequency and Symptom Distress Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II Scale, and Fatigue Scale at pre- intervention (pre-test), and one-month and three-month follow-up. This study used independent t-test and chi-square test to evaluate the homogeneity of the characteristics between the two groups. The generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to examine the effects of the Tele-Case-Management Program on the improvements of resilience, symptom frequency and distress, depressive and fatigue symptoms.

Results:  The majority of participants were male (78.7%), with a mean age of 53.2 ± 12.28 years, and mean ejection fraction (EF) after heart transplant of 61.74 ± 10.04%. The participants receiving the Tele-Case-Management Program intervention showed significantly greater improvement than those in the control group in the symptom frequency (p= 0.029) and distress (p= 0.014), and depressive symptom (p=0.029) at one-month follow-up. Furthermore, the intervention effects on resilience (p= 0.001), symptom frequency (p= 0.001) and distress (p= 0.001), and depressive symptom (p= 0.001) were significantly improved in experimental group compared with control group at 3-month follow-up.

Conclusion:  The Tele-Case-Management Program is able to improve resilience, symptom frequency and distress, depressive symptoms in heart transplant recipients.

Keywords:
Heart Transplant; Resilience; Tele-Case-Management
Repository Posting Date:
18-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
18-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17PST110
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleThe Tele-Case-Management Program Improves Resilience, Symptoms Distress, Fatigue, and Depressive Symptoms in Heart Transplant Recipientsen_US
dc.contributor.authorKao, Chi Wenen
dc.contributor.authorLin, Pai-Huien
dc.contributor.departmentBeta Theta-at-Largeen
dc.author.detailsChi Wen Kao, PhD, RN, Professional Experience: Dr. Kao is an Associate Professor of National Defense Medical Center School of Nursing and director of Nursing Department in Tri-Service General Hospital. She has 16-year teaching experience including lecture and clinical teaching in cardiovascular health. Her researches focus on patient's outcomes. She had investigated the relationship between depression and heart rate variability in heart failure patients. Now, she is conducting researches on how to improve the self-management capability and psychological distress in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Author Summary: Dr. Kao is an associate professor of National Defense Medical Center, and the director of Nursing Department in Tri-Service General Hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. Her expertise is in chronic illness patient care, especially in cardiovascular diseases.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/621915-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose: </strong><span> Patients with severe heart failure (NYHA Fc IV) without effective responses to medical therapy have to receive the treatment of heart transplantation. Although patients may prolong their life after undergoing heart transplantation, they need to take immunosuppressive drugs lifelong. How to strike a balance between avoiding infection and preventing rejection causes patients both physiological and psychological distress. Due to the special conditions after heart transplantation, telehealth care could provide immediately and timely care, and reduce the degrees of anxiety and depression for heart transplant recipients. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to develop the Tele-Case-Management Program, and determine its effects on the improvements of the depressive and fatigue symptoms, resilience, and the symptom frequency and distress.</span></p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong> This study used experimental design with pretest, post-test. According to pretest of depression scores, we stratified and randomly assigned participants to the experimental group and control group. The heart transplant recipients in experimental group (n=31) received Tele-Case-Management Program intervention, and the recipients in control group (n=30) received the usual care. Each study participants was evaluated by Resilience Scale, Symptom Frequency and Symptom Distress Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II Scale, and Fatigue Scale at pre- intervention (pre-test), and one-month and three-month follow-up. This study used independent t-test and chi-square test to evaluate the homogeneity of the characteristics between the two groups. The generalized estimating equation (GEE) was used to examine the effects of the Tele-Case-Management Program on the improvements of resilience, symptom frequency and distress, depressive and fatigue symptoms.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong> The majority of participants were male (78.7%), with a mean age of 53.2 ± 12.28 years, and mean ejection fraction (EF) after heart transplant of 61.74 ± 10.04%. The participants receiving the Tele-Case-Management Program intervention showed significantly greater improvement than those in the control group in the symptom frequency (p= 0.029) and distress (p= 0.014), and depressive symptom (p=0.029) at one-month follow-up. Furthermore, the intervention effects on resilience (p= 0.001), symptom frequency (p= 0.001) and distress (p= 0.001), and depressive symptom (p= 0.001) were significantly improved in experimental group compared with control group at 3-month follow-up.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong> The Tele-Case-Management Program is able to improve resilience, symptom frequency and distress, depressive symptoms in heart transplant recipients.</p>en
dc.subjectHeart Transplanten
dc.subjectResilienceen
dc.subjectTele-Case-Managementen
dc.date.available2017-07-18T19:24:30Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-18-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-18T19:24:30Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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