2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/622057
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
American Red Cross Simulation and Student Nurse Disaster Preparedness
Other Titles:
Strategies in Disaster Preparedness
Author(s):
Hanes, Patricia Frohock; Hefner, Anna Marie
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Iota Sigma
Author Details:
Patricia Frohock Hanes, PhD, MAEd, MS-DPEM, RN, CNE, CLSSGB, Professional Experience: Hanes has over 40 years of experience in critical care, emergency nursing, prehospital care, and nursing education. Education includes: disaster preparedness, emergency management, adult and distance learning and has an interest in disasters, disaster nursing, emergency management, curriculum, program planning, teaching/learning, teaching strategies, distance learning, and mentoring. Research in the areas of adult education, cognition, mentoring, and teaching/facilitative strategies, nursing history, and disaster nursing/preparedness and emergency management. She has certificates in Basic and Advanced Emergency Management from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Hanes’ dissertation topic involved researching a new construct, composite cognition, as it relates to teaching/training of military combat nurses. Currently is director of MSN in Nursing Education program at Azusa Pacific University and is Medical Unit Leader on the Campus Incident Response Team. Developing courses in disaster education and conducting research in disaster nursing. Holds the Certified Nurse Educator (CNE) certification from the National League for Nursing. Author Summary: Dr. Hanes is a professor of nursing and developer/director of the MSN in Nursing Education at Azusa Pacific University in Southern California. She developed and teaches disaster nursing and emergency preparedness and has developed a disaster education program. She has graduate degrees in nursing; adult education and distance learning; and disaster preparedness and emergency management. Her research interests include nursing education and ways of learning; disaster-related topics, for example, nursing and wildfires; and nursing/medical history.
Abstract:

Background: Disasters, natural and man-made, are increasing world-wide. Student nurses are an under-utilized resource in disaster response. As pre-professionals with some training, they have the ability to increase response capacity during disasters. Nursing organizations in the United States such as the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) and the National League for Nursing (NLN) advocate some form of disaster nursing education across all levels of nursing (AACN, 2006, 2008, 20011; NLN, 2013). The International Council of Nurses (ICN) developed a list of core competencies for disasters in 2009; the National Student Nurses’ Association in the United States (2012) promoted the training and use of student nurses during disasters. Nurses lack confidence and adequate education to participate in disaster activities (Hanes, 2016; Locke & Fung, 2014). In 2012 the American Red Cross introduced a four-hour hybrid disaster nursing course.

Purpose: This presentation will describe the conduction of a web-enhanced, low-fidelity disaster simulation and the results of an evaluative survey administered after a disaster simulation and hybrid (online and face-to-face) disaster nursing course with student nurses.

Conceptual Frameworks: Theories of learning styles, social cognitive learning, self-efficacy, volunteerism and human behavior theories.

Methods: The American Red Cross developed a disaster course to enable student nurses to increase awareness of their roles in disaster preparedness and how to actually participate in a disaster. The course consisted of a web-enhanced low-fidelity simulation with interactive injects where students responded to disaster scenarios. Students, placed in groups, discussed responses to web prompts, videos, and facilitator questions. Prior to the first administration of the course in 2014, the course had only been held once in the Los Angeles region. This four-hour, non-credit course was held on a Saturday morning; 100 nursing students participated. Unfortunately, due to space limitations, some students desiring to attend were unable to participate. Subsequent courses held in smaller venues were well attended; to date, approximately 200 students (and some faculty) have completed the course. Three hypotheses were explored: Hypothesis 1: Simulation will provide a supportive learning process in disaster preparedness. Hypothesis 2: Disaster simulation will increase self-efficacy in students in disaster situations. Hypothesis 3: Low-fidelity disaster simulations are an effective way to teach disaster preparedness.

Evaluative survey data was collected in four areas: demographics, simulation design, educational practices, and student satisfaction and self-efficacy.

Results: Demographics: Participants in this descriptive study consisted of 84.2% females and 8.9% males. Hypothesis 1: 88% of the participants agreed that the simulation design for disaster preparedness provided an opportunity for them to think critically about the scenarios and globally about their roles in disasters; 93% felt the simulation design supported the gaining of knowledge in disaster preparedness. Hypothesis 2: 87% of participants became more confident in their ability to provide care. They found the simulation challenged their comfort level allowing for learning from mistakes and holistically viewing the individual and the community. Hypothesis 3: The simulation provided a hands-on opportunity to see the classroom learning/skills gained applied in multiple realistic settings. Eighty-four percent found the variety in scenarios and delivery in the simulation increased both their knowledge and interest in, as well as response to, disasters. In the debriefing session conducted at the conclusion of the exercise, students reported a desire to learn more about disaster nursing and to volunteer for disaster organizations.

Conclusions: Student nurses are a valid asset in disaster preparedness and response and increase the region’s capacity to respond in times of crisis. National and international nursing organizations have mandated that nursing students have preparation in disaster preparedness and response. Students are enthusiastic about having the opportunity to respond to disasters and are willing to work beyond their regular duties to participate in disaster-related learning activities. Future research must explore ways to effectively incorporate broad disaster nursing education into existing curricula while providing practical experiences via participation in simulations and/or actual disasters. More faculty need training to be prepared to teach this essential content. Further opportunities for nursing disaster education and research are needed in this evolving field.

Keywords:
Disaster Nursing; Preparedness; Simulation
Repository Posting Date:
24-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
24-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17A16
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleAmerican Red Cross Simulation and Student Nurse Disaster Preparednessen_US
dc.title.alternativeStrategies in Disaster Preparednessen
dc.contributor.authorHanes, Patricia Frohocken
dc.contributor.authorHefner, Anna Marieen
dc.contributor.departmentIota Sigmaen
dc.author.detailsPatricia Frohock Hanes, PhD, MAEd, MS-DPEM, RN, CNE, CLSSGB, Professional Experience: Hanes has over 40 years of experience in critical care, emergency nursing, prehospital care, and nursing education. Education includes: disaster preparedness, emergency management, adult and distance learning and has an interest in disasters, disaster nursing, emergency management, curriculum, program planning, teaching/learning, teaching strategies, distance learning, and mentoring. Research in the areas of adult education, cognition, mentoring, and teaching/facilitative strategies, nursing history, and disaster nursing/preparedness and emergency management. She has certificates in Basic and Advanced Emergency Management from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Hanes’ dissertation topic involved researching a new construct, composite cognition, as it relates to teaching/training of military combat nurses. Currently is director of MSN in Nursing Education program at Azusa Pacific University and is Medical Unit Leader on the Campus Incident Response Team. Developing courses in disaster education and conducting research in disaster nursing. Holds the Certified Nurse Educator (CNE) certification from the National League for Nursing. Author Summary: Dr. Hanes is a professor of nursing and developer/director of the MSN in Nursing Education at Azusa Pacific University in Southern California. She developed and teaches disaster nursing and emergency preparedness and has developed a disaster education program. She has graduate degrees in nursing; adult education and distance learning; and disaster preparedness and emergency management. Her research interests include nursing education and ways of learning; disaster-related topics, for example, nursing and wildfires; and nursing/medical history.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/622057-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Background: </strong><span>Disasters, natural and man-made, are increasing world-wide. Student nurses are an under-utilized resource in disaster response. As pre-professionals with some training, they have the ability to increase response capacity during disasters. Nursing organizations in the United States such as the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) and the National League for Nursing (NLN) advocate some form of disaster nursing education across all levels of nursing (AACN, 2006, 2008, 20011; NLN, 2013). The International Council of Nurses (ICN) developed a list of core competencies for disasters in 2009; the National Student Nurses’ Association in the United States (2012) promoted the training and use of student nurses during disasters. Nurses lack confidence and adequate education to participate in disaster activities (Hanes, 2016; Locke & Fung, 2014). In 2012 the American Red Cross introduced a four-hour hybrid disaster nursing course.</span></p> <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>This presentation will describe the conduction of a web-enhanced, low-fidelity disaster simulation and the results of an evaluative survey administered after a disaster simulation and hybrid (online and face-to-face) disaster nursing course with student nurses.</p> <p><strong>Conceptual Frameworks: </strong>Theories of learning styles, social cognitive learning, self-efficacy, volunteerism and human behavior theories.<strong></strong></p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>The American Red Cross<strong> </strong>developed a disaster course to enable student nurses to increase awareness of their roles in disaster preparedness and how to actually participate in a disaster. The course consisted of a web-enhanced low-fidelity simulation with interactive injects where students responded to disaster scenarios. Students, placed in groups, discussed responses to web prompts, videos, and facilitator questions. Prior to the first administration of the course in 2014, the course had only been held once in the Los Angeles region. This four-hour, non-credit course was held on a Saturday morning; 100 nursing students participated. Unfortunately, due to space limitations, some students desiring to attend were unable to participate. Subsequent courses held in smaller venues were well attended; to date, approximately 200 students (and some faculty) have completed the course. Three hypotheses were explored: Hypothesis 1: Simulation will provide a supportive learning process in disaster preparedness. Hypothesis 2: Disaster simulation will increase self-efficacy in students in disaster situations. Hypothesis 3: Low-fidelity disaster simulations are an effective way to teach disaster preparedness.</p> <p>Evaluative survey data was collected in four areas: demographics, simulation design, educational practices, and student satisfaction and self-efficacy.<strong></strong></p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Demographics: Participants in this descriptive study consisted of 84.2% females and 8.9% males. Hypothesis 1: 88% of the participants agreed that the simulation design for disaster preparedness provided an opportunity for them to think critically about the scenarios and globally about their roles in disasters; 93% felt the simulation design supported the gaining of knowledge in disaster preparedness. Hypothesis 2: 87% of participants became more confident in their ability to provide care. They found the simulation challenged their comfort level allowing for learning from mistakes and holistically viewing the individual and the community. Hypothesis 3: The simulation provided a hands-on opportunity to see the classroom learning/skills gained applied in multiple realistic settings. Eighty-four percent found the variety in scenarios and delivery in the simulation increased both their knowledge and interest in, as well as response to, disasters. In the debriefing session conducted at the conclusion of the exercise, students reported a desire to learn more about disaster nursing and to volunteer for disaster organizations.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Student nurses are a valid asset in disaster preparedness and response and increase the region’s capacity to respond in times of crisis. National and international nursing organizations have mandated that nursing students have preparation in disaster preparedness and response. Students are enthusiastic about having the opportunity to respond to disasters and are willing to work beyond their regular duties to participate in disaster-related learning activities. Future research must explore ways to effectively incorporate broad disaster nursing education into existing curricula while providing practical experiences via participation in simulations and/or actual disasters. More faculty need training to be prepared to teach this essential content. Further opportunities for nursing disaster education and research are needed in this evolving field.</p>en
dc.subjectDisaster Nursingen
dc.subjectPreparednessen
dc.subjectSimulationen
dc.date.available2017-07-24T14:40:59Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-24-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-24T14:40:59Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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