Factors Contributing to Irregular Attendance in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV Services

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/622114
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Factors Contributing to Irregular Attendance in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV Services
Other Titles:
Global Perspectives on HIV Prevention
Author(s):
Uwamahoro, Marie Claire
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Marie Claire Uwamahoro, MSN, BSN, RN, Professional Experience: 9/2014 – Present University of Rwanda, College of Medicine Assistant Lecture Kigali/Rwanda 2011 – 8/2014 Kigali Health Institute Tutorial Assistant Kigali/Rwanda King Faycal Hospital Part time staff Nurse in Emergency Kigali/Rwanda 2006 – 10/2011 Kigali Health Institute Clinical instructor/ In charge of clinical practice In Nursing Department Kigali/Rwanda 2003-12/2005 University Teaching Hospital Staff Nurse in ICU-Head clinical audit Huye/ Southern Province 1998 – 10/1999 Kabgayi Hospital Staff Nurse in Maternity Muhanga/Southern Province Other experiences Leader of research group in department of General Nursing from last November 2015 Presentation in the Nursing Conference held in Rwanda 2015 Presentation in the Seminar Week (Results dissemination week) in Lusaka Zambia/ 2014 Numerous Scientific and Research meeting participation Curriculum external reviewer in the Ministry of Education from this year Published an abstract in Rwanda journal online Author Summary: Claire is the only Medical Surgical Nurse specialist in Rwanda. She is a teacher and researcher and is involved in community outreach activities. She has an expert in curriculum development and review where she often works as an external reviewer in the Ministry of Education to review different curriculum of nursing schools. She is also a board member of Rwanda Nursing and Midwifery Council.
Abstract:

Purpose:  

Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV remains a major public health problem and continues to account for a substantial proportion of new HIV infections among young children (Deressa et al., 2014; Gourlay et al.,2013). The global estimates showed that 150,000 children were newly infected with HIV in 2015; most of them were from developing countries with more than 90% found in sub-Sahara African countries (WHO, 2015).

To halt this problem, the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) services have been put in place worldwide (Balira et al., 2015; WHO, 2015). The PMTCT services in Rwanda are free of charge. The package is available at primary level of health care system and it involves provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling during antenatal care visits and labour wards, provision of antiretroviral drugs; prophylaxis or lifelong antiretroviral therapy to HIV positive women and their infants (MOH, 2012).

The main challenge that the services faces is the irregular attendance of women.

The anecdotal observation of four consecutive months (September-December 2015) showed that an estimate of 20% of women were irregular in PMTCT at Kinyinya Health Center.

The purpose of this study was to assess factors contributing to irregular attendance of women in PMTCT services.

 Methods:  

The study was conducted at Kinyinya health center/Kigali Rwanda. A quantitative cross-sectional design was used and 62 women were enrolled. A self administerd questionaire was used to collect data.The dependent variable was regularity (yes or no). Then the irregularity was subdivided into 2 categories (1 to 3 times, 4 and more times).The data was analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. Cross-tabulation and chi-square test (p value of

 Results:  

 The mean age of participants was 26 years. The majority of participants 32(51.6.4%) only attended primary education, 42(67.7%) were in low income and 30(48.3%) illegally married. The results revealed that 38 (61%) were irregular in PMTCT. Among those with irregularities, 27 (70.6 %) missed 1 to 3 appointments and 8(30%) missed 4 and more appointments). Low level of education (P-value

Conclusion:  

 The results of this study showed factors contributing to irregular attendance in PMTCT services. The most common were: the level of education, monthly income, lack of husband’ support and long waiting time.

Keywords:
irregular attendance; factors; prevention of mother to child transmission
Repository Posting Date:
25-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
25-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17I07
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleFactors Contributing to Irregular Attendance in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV Servicesen_US
dc.title.alternativeGlobal Perspectives on HIV Preventionen
dc.contributor.authorUwamahoro, Marie Claireen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsMarie Claire Uwamahoro, MSN, BSN, RN, Professional Experience: 9/2014 – Present University of Rwanda, College of Medicine Assistant Lecture Kigali/Rwanda 2011 – 8/2014 Kigali Health Institute Tutorial Assistant Kigali/Rwanda King Faycal Hospital Part time staff Nurse in Emergency Kigali/Rwanda 2006 – 10/2011 Kigali Health Institute Clinical instructor/ In charge of clinical practice In Nursing Department Kigali/Rwanda 2003-12/2005 University Teaching Hospital Staff Nurse in ICU-Head clinical audit Huye/ Southern Province 1998 – 10/1999 Kabgayi Hospital Staff Nurse in Maternity Muhanga/Southern Province Other experiences Leader of research group in department of General Nursing from last November 2015 Presentation in the Nursing Conference held in Rwanda 2015 Presentation in the Seminar Week (Results dissemination week) in Lusaka Zambia/ 2014 Numerous Scientific and Research meeting participation Curriculum external reviewer in the Ministry of Education from this year Published an abstract in Rwanda journal online Author Summary: Claire is the only Medical Surgical Nurse specialist in Rwanda. She is a teacher and researcher and is involved in community outreach activities. She has an expert in curriculum development and review where she often works as an external reviewer in the Ministry of Education to review different curriculum of nursing schools. She is also a board member of Rwanda Nursing and Midwifery Council.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/622114-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong><strong>Purpose: </strong> </strong></p> <p>Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV remains a major public health problem and continues to account for a substantial proportion of new HIV infections among young children (Deressa et al., 2014; Gourlay et al.,2013). The global estimates showed that 150,000 children were newly infected with HIV in 2015; most of them were from developing countries with more than 90% found in sub-Sahara African countries (WHO, 2015).</p> <p>To halt this problem, the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) services have been put in place worldwide (Balira et al., 2015; WHO, 2015). The PMTCT services in Rwanda are free of charge. The package is available at primary level of health care system and it involves provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling during antenatal care visits and labour wards, provision of antiretroviral drugs; prophylaxis or lifelong antiretroviral therapy to HIV positive women and their infants (MOH, 2012).</p> <p>The main challenge that the services faces is the irregular attendance of women.</p> <p>The anecdotal observation of four consecutive months (September-December 2015) showed that an estimate of 20% of women were irregular in PMTCT at Kinyinya Health Center.</p> <p>The purpose of this study was to assess factors contributing to irregular attendance of women in PMTCT services.</p> <p><strong> <strong>Methods: </strong> </strong></p> <p>The study was conducted at Kinyinya health center/Kigali Rwanda. A quantitative cross-sectional design was used and 62 women were enrolled. A self administerd questionaire was used to collect data.The dependent variable was regularity (yes or no). Then the irregularity was subdivided into 2 categories (1 to 3 times, 4 and more times).The data was analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. Cross-tabulation and chi-square test (p value of</p> <p><strong> <strong>Results: </strong> </strong></p> <p> The mean age of participants was 26 years.<strong> </strong>The majority of participants 32(51.6.4%) only attended primary education, 42(67.7%) were in low income and 30(48.3%) illegally married. The results revealed that 38 (61%) were irregular in PMTCT. Among those with irregularities, 27 (70.6 %) missed 1 to 3 appointments and 8(30%) missed 4 and more appointments).<strong> </strong>Low level of education (P-value</p> <p><strong><strong>Conclusion: </strong> </strong></p> <p> The results of this study showed factors contributing to irregular attendance in PMTCT services. The most common were: the level of education, monthly income, lack of husband’ support and long waiting time.</p>en
dc.subjectirregular attendanceen
dc.subjectfactorsen
dc.subjectprevention of mother to child transmissionen
dc.date.available2017-07-25T15:58:11Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-25-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-25T15:58:11Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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