Perinatal Nurse Home Visiting and Rates of Diabetes and Hypertension Among Child-Bearing Mothers

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/622150
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Perinatal Nurse Home Visiting and Rates of Diabetes and Hypertension Among Child-Bearing Mothers
Other Titles:
Perinatal Health
Author(s):
McKeever, Amy; Bloch, Joan Rosen; Zupan, Susan; Barkin, Jennifer
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Nu
Author Details:
Amy McKeever, PhD, RN, CRNP, WHNP-BC, Professional Experience: Villanova University 2011-date Assistant Professor Tenure track Undergraduate and Graduate ____________________ Temple University 2010-2011 Associate Professor Non-tenure Track _______________________ Drexel University Clinical Assistant Professor Non-Tenure Track Author Summary: Amy McKeever is a PhD prepared nurse educator and also a certified women's health nurse practitioner who is still maintains a clinical practice. She teaches undergraduate and graduate students at Villanova University. She speaks nationally and internationally as well as publishes on issues pertaining that impact the childbearing women as well as curricular issues affecting nursing education in undergraduate and graduate nursing.
Abstract:

Purpose:

Increased rates of maternal mortality in the United States and prevalence rates of diabetes and hypertension especially among women who live in socioeco- nomically disadvantaged communities, under- score the importance of perinatal nurse home visiting tailored to pregnant women with hyper- tension and diabetes. Concurrently, an increasing number of maternal and child health (MCH) home visiting services have emerged nationally and internationally as a key strategy to improve population-level health among socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers and their families3 years of life are crucial in determining an infant’s life course, the Affordable Care Act of 2010 allocated increased funding for MCH home visiting services. In addition, the national Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program, through the Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), provides funding for evidence-based home visiting programs in com- munities with high rates of infant morbidity and mortality, often in low-income areas with diverse ethnic and racial marginalized minority populationsSpecifically, public health MCH models of home visiting that are well studied and that provide programs that focus on reduction of psychosocial risk (e.g., Nurse-Family Partnership, Healthy Be- ginnings, Healthy Families America; Hayes et al., 2014; Issel, Forrestal, Slaughter, Wiencrot, & Handler, 2011; Olds et al., 2014; Wen et al., 2015) are now eligible for increased funding through the Affordable Care Act. They are listed on MIECHV’s Web site (HRSA, 2016). However, the evidence-based transitional care model (TCM) of perinatal home visiting that was developed decades ago by Brooten and colleagues (Brooten, Brooks, Madigan, & Youngblut, 1998; Brooten et al., 2001; Brooten et al., 2007; Brooten et al., 2012) for pregnant women with medical complications is absent from MIECHV’s list of eligible programs.

Before the publication of the randomized clinical trial by Brooten et al. (2001), the standard of care for many high-risk pregnant women with diabetes and hypertension was hospitalization. In their seminal work, these researchers implemented in-home nurse interventions for high-risk women with pregnancy-related complications that entailed careful monitoring with tailored nursing interventions that incorporated teaching, guidance, counseling, and activating appropriate referrals for transdisciplinary clinical and community resources (Brooten et al., 2002; Brooten 178 et al., 2007; Brooten et al., 2012). The frequent, long antenatal hospitalizations for pregnant women with hypertension and diabetes no longer exists as a result of these researchers’ findings, which changed practice and showed that perinatal nurse home visiting was cost effective (Brooten et al., 2001). However, little is known about the use, processes, and outcomes of perinatal nurse home visiting services that evolved from the original TCM.

 Various models of home visiting programs exist to improve maternal child health (MCH) outcomes. In the context of rising maternal mortality rates, an evidence-based translational care model (TCM) of perinatal nurse home visiting tailored for pregnant women with hypertension and diabetes warrants attention. To study access to TCM perinatal nurse home visiting services for medically high-risk pregnant women, we examine referral patterns among this urban population of pregnant women referred for this model of care because of their diagnosis of diabetes and/or hypertension.

 Methods: Secondary analyses were conducted to study referral patterns to home visiting and prevalence rates of diabetes and hypertension among childbearing mothers in Philadelphia. During 2012, 595 pregnant women with diabetes and/or hypertension were referred to perinatal nurse home visiting services.

 Results: Factors influencing a larger dosage for services included the diagnosis of diabetes, gestational age at the time of referral and having public (Medicaid) insurance (p< 0.05). On average, 23,000 women give birth yearly in Philadelphia. The prevalence rate for diabetes was 4.2% with the Asian population having the highest prevalence of 7.8%. The prevalence rate of hypertension was 9.4% with the Black population having the highest prevalence of 12.7%.

Conclusion: The transitional model of perinatal nurse visiting tailored for women with hypertension and diabetes exists. Surprisingly underrepresented in the larger discourse of MCH programs, further research of this model of care is for this medically high-risk childbearing population is needed. Opportunities for innovation in health promotion and prevention interventions among this medically high risk childbearing populations have promise in changing life course trajectories of chronic illness.

Keywords:
gestational diabetes; gestational hypertension; perinatal nurse home visiting
Repository Posting Date:
25-Jul-2017
Date of Publication:
25-Jul-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC17L14
Conference Date:
2017
Conference Name:
28th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Location:
Dublin, Ireland
Description:
Event Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarship

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titlePerinatal Nurse Home Visiting and Rates of Diabetes and Hypertension Among Child-Bearing Mothersen_US
dc.title.alternativePerinatal Healthen
dc.contributor.authorMcKeever, Amyen
dc.contributor.authorBloch, Joan Rosenen
dc.contributor.authorZupan, Susanen
dc.contributor.authorBarkin, Jenniferen
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Nuen
dc.author.detailsAmy McKeever, PhD, RN, CRNP, WHNP-BC, Professional Experience: Villanova University 2011-date Assistant Professor Tenure track Undergraduate and Graduate ____________________ Temple University 2010-2011 Associate Professor Non-tenure Track _______________________ Drexel University Clinical Assistant Professor Non-Tenure Track Author Summary: Amy McKeever is a PhD prepared nurse educator and also a certified women's health nurse practitioner who is still maintains a clinical practice. She teaches undergraduate and graduate students at Villanova University. She speaks nationally and internationally as well as publishes on issues pertaining that impact the childbearing women as well as curricular issues affecting nursing education in undergraduate and graduate nursing.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/622150-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose:</strong></p> <p>Increased rates of maternal mortality in the United States and prevalence rates of diabetes and hypertension especially among women who live in socioeco- nomically disadvantaged communities, under- score the importance of perinatal nurse home visiting tailored to pregnant women with hyper- tension and diabetes. Concurrently, an increasing number of maternal and child health (MCH) home visiting services have emerged nationally and internationally as a key strategy to improve population-level health among socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers and their families3 years of life are crucial in determining an infant’s life course, the Affordable Care Act of 2010 allocated increased funding for MCH home visiting services. In addition, the national Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program, through the Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), provides funding for evidence-based home visiting programs in com- munities with high rates of infant morbidity and mortality, often in low-income areas with diverse ethnic and racial marginalized minority populationsSpecifically, public health MCH models of home visiting that are well studied and that provide programs that focus on reduction of psychosocial risk (e.g., Nurse-Family Partnership, Healthy Be- ginnings, Healthy Families America; Hayes et al., 2014; Issel, Forrestal, Slaughter, Wiencrot, & Handler, 2011; Olds et al., 2014; Wen et al., 2015) are now eligible for increased funding through the Affordable Care Act. They are listed on MIECHV’s Web site (HRSA, 2016). However, the evidence-based transitional care model (TCM) of perinatal home visiting that was developed decades ago by Brooten and colleagues (Brooten, Brooks, Madigan, & Youngblut, 1998; Brooten et al., 2001; Brooten et al., 2007; Brooten et al., 2012) for pregnant women with medical complications is absent from MIECHV’s list of eligible programs.</p> <div class="page" title="Page 2"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Before the publication of the randomized clinical trial by Brooten et al. (2001), the standard of care for many high-risk pregnant women with diabetes and hypertension was hospitalization. In their seminal work, these researchers implemented in-home nurse interventions for high-risk women with pregnancy-related complications that entailed careful monitoring with tailored nursing interventions that incorporated teaching, guidance, counseling, and activating appropriate referrals for transdisciplinary clinical and community resources (Brooten et al., 2002; Brooten 178 et al., 2007; Brooten et al., 2012). The frequent, long antenatal hospitalizations for pregnant women with hypertension and diabetes no longer exists as a result of these researchers’ findings, which changed practice and showed that perinatal nurse home visiting was cost effective (Brooten et al., 2001). However, little is known about the use, processes, and outcomes of perinatal nurse home visiting services that evolved from the original TCM.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p> Various models of home visiting programs exist to improve maternal child health (MCH) outcomes. In the context of rising maternal mortality rates, an evidence-based translational care model (TCM) of perinatal nurse home visiting tailored for pregnant women with hypertension and diabetes warrants attention. To study access to TCM perinatal nurse home visiting services for medically high-risk pregnant women, we examine referral patterns among this urban population of pregnant women referred for this model of care because of their diagnosis of diabetes and/or hypertension.</p> <p> <strong>Methods: </strong>Secondary analyses were conducted to study referral patterns to home visiting and prevalence rates of diabetes and hypertension among childbearing mothers in Philadelphia. During 2012, 595 pregnant women with diabetes and/or hypertension were referred to perinatal nurse home visiting services.</p> <p> <strong>Results: </strong>Factors influencing a larger dosage for services included the diagnosis of diabetes, gestational age at the time of referral and having public (Medicaid) insurance (p< 0.05). On average, 23,000 women give birth yearly in Philadelphia. The prevalence rate for diabetes was 4.2% with the Asian population having the highest prevalence of 7.8%. The prevalence rate of hypertension was 9.4% with the Black population having the highest prevalence of 12.7%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The transitional model of perinatal nurse visiting tailored for women with hypertension and diabetes exists. Surprisingly underrepresented in the larger discourse of MCH programs, further research of this model of care is for this medically high-risk childbearing population is needed. Opportunities for innovation in health promotion and prevention interventions among this medically high risk childbearing populations have promise in changing life course trajectories of chronic illness.</p>en
dc.subjectgestational diabetesen
dc.subjectgestational hypertensionen
dc.subjectperinatal nurse home visitingen
dc.date.available2017-07-25T19:17:14Z-
dc.date.issued2017-07-25-
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-25T19:17:14Z-
dc.conference.date2017en
dc.conference.name28th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau Internationalen
dc.conference.locationDublin, Irelanden
dc.descriptionEvent Theme: Influencing Global Health Through the Advancement of Nursing Scholarshipen
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