2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/622567
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Working for Yourself: Microenterprise and Women's Health
Other Titles:
Global Initiative to Modify the Nursing Workforce
Author(s):
Salt, Rebekah J.; Lee, Jongwon
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Rebekah J. Salt, Department of Family and Community Health Systems, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA; Jongwon Lee, PhD, College of Nursing, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Abstract:

Purpose:

The purpose of this study was to explore precarious employment and women’s health within the context of microenterprise. The specific aim was to identify the health concerns of low-income women who utilized resources from a non-profit microenterprise organization in New Mexico (NM).

Methods:

Data were generated in NM in 2010 using five focus groups with women who were affiliated with one of the regional organization sites around NM. Five transcripts were coded by the principle investigator and a second independent coder. Data were analyzed using content analysis. The degree of inter-rater agreement was determined by calculating the Cohen’s Kappa (K), percentage agreement (Po), prevalence index (PI), bias index (BI), and prevalence-adjusted and bias-adjusted Kappa (PABAK).

Results:

Two broad themes emerged from these data: 1) Working for Yourself and 2) Strategies. While the women expressed concern about social isolation, depression, and the economy; flexibility, freedom, and feeling purposeful were motivators to pursue a microenterprise. The Kappa (K) statistics on the five transcripts ranged from 0.02 to 0.2 which indicated poor inter-rater agreement. This might be because the ratings between the two raters were nearly all positive. In such cases, it is difficult to interpret Kappa alone and the adjusted Kappa (i.e., PABAK) needs to be used. Thus, we calculated additional agreement indices of the five transcripts and they revealed that there was a good inter-rater agreement: PABAK, 0.60- 0.74; Po, 0.78- 0.85; PI, 0.72-0.84; and BI, -0.01-0.1.

Conclusion:

Starting a small business in today’s fragile economy can be risky and to date, there is minimal research that explores the relationship between precarious employment and health within the context of microenterprise. Women are one of the strongest links to family health and represent the majority of microenterprise owners; therefore investing in interventions that address their concerns may decrease disparities and improve population health.

Keywords:
Microenterprise; Precarious Employment; Women's Health
Repository Posting Date:
7-Sep-2017
Date of Publication:
7-Sep-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC13N04
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
24th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Prague, Czech Republic
Description:
24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleWorking for Yourself: Microenterprise and Women's Healthen_US
dc.title.alternativeGlobal Initiative to Modify the Nursing Workforceen
dc.contributor.authorSalt, Rebekah J.en
dc.contributor.authorLee, Jongwonen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsRebekah J. Salt, Department of Family and Community Health Systems, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA; Jongwon Lee, PhD, College of Nursing, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USAen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/622567-
dc.description.abstract<p><strong>Purpose:</strong></p> <p>The purpose of this study was to explore precarious employment and women’s health within the context of microenterprise. The specific aim was to identify the health concerns of low-income women who utilized resources from a non-profit microenterprise organization in New Mexico (NM).</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong></p> <p>Data were generated in NM in 2010 using five focus groups with women who were affiliated with one of the regional organization sites around NM. Five transcripts were coded by the principle investigator and a second independent coder. Data were analyzed using content analysis. The degree of inter-rater agreement was determined by calculating the Cohen’s Kappa (<em>K</em>), percentage agreement (P<sub>o</sub>), prevalence index (PI), bias index (BI), and prevalence-adjusted and bias-adjusted Kappa (PABAK).</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong></p> <p>Two broad themes emerged from these data: 1) <em>Working for Yourself</em> and 2) <em>Strategies. </em>While the women expressed concern about social isolation, depression, and the economy; flexibility, freedom, and feeling purposeful were motivators to pursue a microenterprise. The Kappa (<em>K</em>) statistics on the five transcripts ranged from 0.02 to 0.2 which indicated poor inter-rater agreement. This might be because the ratings between the two raters were nearly all positive. In such cases, it is difficult to interpret Kappa alone and the adjusted Kappa (i.e., PABAK) needs to be used. Thus, we calculated additional agreement indices of the five transcripts and they revealed that there was a good inter-rater agreement: PABAK, 0.60- 0.74; P<sub>o</sub>, 0.78- 0.85; PI, 0.72-0.84; and BI, -0.01-0.1.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong></p> <p>Starting a small business in today’s fragile economy can be risky and to date, there is minimal research that explores the relationship between precarious employment and health within the context of microenterprise. Women are one of the strongest links to family health and represent the majority of microenterprise owners; therefore investing in interventions that address their concerns may decrease disparities and improve population health.</p>en
dc.subjectMicroenterpriseen
dc.subjectPrecarious Employmenten
dc.subjectWomen's Healthen
dc.date.available2017-09-07T13:41:52Z-
dc.date.issued2017-09-07-
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-07T13:41:52Z-
dc.conference.date2013en
dc.conference.name24th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationPrague, Czech Republicen
dc.description24th International Nursing Research Congress Theme: Bridge the Gap Between Research and Practice Through Collaboration. Held at the Hilton Prague Hotel.en
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