Using Mixed Methods to Generate Data with Women Participating in U.S. Microenterprise

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/622568
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Level of Evidence:
N/A
Research Approach:
N/A
Title:
Using Mixed Methods to Generate Data with Women Participating in U.S. Microenterprise
Other Titles:
Discussions about Women's Social Health
Author(s):
Salt, Rebekah J.; Lee, Jongwon
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Rebekah J. Salt, PhD, MN, School of Nursing, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA; Jongwon Lee, PhD, College of Nursing, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Abstract:
Purpose: Microenterprise programs provide vulnerable populations, the majority of whom are women, access to educational and financial resources to start small businesses. Many international programs acknowledge the employment-health link and promote health as a form of collateral through primary and secondary prevention interventions. Health promotion is not as prevalent in United States (US) programs and further investigation is required to identify the health needs of women microentrepreneurs. The study was conducted in collaboration with a community development financial organization which provides credit and services to entrepreneurs who do not have access to traditional lending. Methods: The community organization assisted with the recruitment of women for surveys and hosted three focus groups. REDCap, a web application that allows for the secure building and management of surveys and databases, was used to administer The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the SF-12 health survey, a demographic survey, and a feasibility questionnaire regarding the use of on-line methods to collect data. The purpose of this mixed method pilot study was to: 1) explore how women discuss health and the challenges of working in a U. S. microenterprise, and 2) assess the feasibility of using on-line health instruments to collect data for this population. Results: Three focus groups (n=9) were conducted to address the first aim of the study. Using content analysis, these focus groups revealed similar findings to those seen in the two previous U. S. microenterprise qualitative studies. Although the freedom, flexibility, and independence of self-employment was rewarding; creating work-life balance, prioritizing self-care, and sustaining a business was challenging. On-line surveys (n=23) were administered to address the second aim of the study. The majority (92%) of women that participated in the on-line surveys completed all questionnaires and indicated that on-line surveys were a good way to share health-related information with researchers. Importantly, 64% of the participants reported that they were likely or very likely to participate in on-line surveys about their health in the future. In addition, 72% indicated that on-line surveys were more meaningful than other 1:1 interviews or focus groups in terms of sharing information with researchers. Conclusion: Microenterprise continues to gain popularity in the US. In 2012 there were 816 microenterprise programs identified. Women microentrepreneurs have been shown to be good social and economic investors and a strong link to generational health. Designing interventions that promote health using primary and secondary prevention is a good investment and has the potential to decrease health disparities and improve population health. These study findings suggest that on-line surveys (which are less costly) are a feasible method to collect health related information among women with microenterprise businesses.
Keywords:
social determinants of health; US Microenterprise; women's health
Repository Posting Date:
7-Sep-2017
Date of Publication:
7-Sep-2017
Other Identifiers:
INRC15H08
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
26th international Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau international, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Description:
Research Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.evidence.levelN/Aen
dc.research.approachN/Aen
dc.titleUsing Mixed Methods to Generate Data with Women Participating in U.S. Microenterpriseen_US
dc.title.alternativeDiscussions about Women's Social Healthen
dc.contributor.authorSalt, Rebekah J.en
dc.contributor.authorLee, Jongwonen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsRebekah J. Salt, PhD, MN, School of Nursing, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA; Jongwon Lee, PhD, College of Nursing, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USAen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/622568-
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Microenterprise programs provide vulnerable populations, the majority of whom are women, access to educational and financial resources to start small businesses. Many international programs acknowledge the employment-health link and promote health as a form of collateral through primary and secondary prevention interventions. Health promotion is not as prevalent in United States (US) programs and further investigation is required to identify the health needs of women microentrepreneurs. The study was conducted in collaboration with a community development financial organization which provides credit and services to entrepreneurs who do not have access to traditional lending. Methods: The community organization assisted with the recruitment of women for surveys and hosted three focus groups. REDCap, a web application that allows for the secure building and management of surveys and databases, was used to administer The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the SF-12 health survey, a demographic survey, and a feasibility questionnaire regarding the use of on-line methods to collect data. The purpose of this mixed method pilot study was to: 1) explore how women discuss health and the challenges of working in a U. S. microenterprise, and 2) assess the feasibility of using on-line health instruments to collect data for this population. Results: Three focus groups (n=9) were conducted to address the first aim of the study. Using content analysis, these focus groups revealed similar findings to those seen in the two previous U. S. microenterprise qualitative studies. Although the freedom, flexibility, and independence of self-employment was rewarding; creating work-life balance, prioritizing self-care, and sustaining a business was challenging. On-line surveys (n=23) were administered to address the second aim of the study. The majority (92%) of women that participated in the on-line surveys completed all questionnaires and indicated that on-line surveys were a good way to share health-related information with researchers. Importantly, 64% of the participants reported that they were likely or very likely to participate in on-line surveys about their health in the future. In addition, 72% indicated that on-line surveys were more meaningful than other 1:1 interviews or focus groups in terms of sharing information with researchers. Conclusion: Microenterprise continues to gain popularity in the US. In 2012 there were 816 microenterprise programs identified. Women microentrepreneurs have been shown to be good social and economic investors and a strong link to generational health. Designing interventions that promote health using primary and secondary prevention is a good investment and has the potential to decrease health disparities and improve population health. These study findings suggest that on-line surveys (which are less costly) are a feasible method to collect health related information among women with microenterprise businesses.en
dc.subjectsocial determinants of healthen
dc.subjectUS Microenterpriseen
dc.subjectwomen's healthen
dc.date.available2017-09-07T13:55:18Z-
dc.date.issued2017-09-07-
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-07T13:55:18Z-
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name26th international Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau international, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationSan Juan, Puerto Ricoen
dc.descriptionResearch Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.en
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